MD: University of Illinois College of Medicine, Chicago, IL, 1991.
General Surgery Residency: University of Iowa Hospital and Clinics, Iowa City, Iowa, Jul 1991-Jun1996.
Pediatric Surgical Residency: The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Jul 2000-Jun 2001.
Post-doctoral Fellowship in Fetal Surgery Research: Children's Institute for Surgical Science, Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Jul 1996-Jun 1999.
Certification: Diplomate of the National Board of Medical Examiners, 1991; diplomate of the American Board of Surgery, 1997, 2011; diplomate of the American Board of Pediatric Surgery, 2006.