AB: Biology, Kenyon College, Gambier, OH, 1975.
MD: Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, 1980.
Residency: Pediatrics, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, 1980-1983; Radiology, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, 1983-1986.
Fellowship: Pediatric Radiology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, 1986-1987.
Certification: Pediatrics, 1986; Radiology, 1986; Certificate of Additional Qualification in Pediatric Radiology, 1995.