Roger Cornwall, MD

Clinical Director, Pediatric Orthopaedic Surgery

Director, Hand and Upper Extremity Surgery Fellowship

Associate Professor, UC Department of Orthopedic Surgery

Phone 513-636-4785

Fax 513-636-3928


Brachial plexus birth palsy; pediatric hand and wrist trauma; congenital hand and upper extremity abnormalities; complex pediatric elbow trauma and deformities; gymnast wrist.


Brachial plexus injury and the growth and development of muscles; minimally invasive surgical treatment for shoulder contracture in brachial plexus birth palsy; nerve transfers for unreconstructable brachial plexus birth injuries; outcomes following surgical and nonsurgical treatment algorithms for pediatric hand fractures; outcomes of non-operative and operative treatment algorithms for chronic adolescent wrist pain.

Visit the Cornwall Lab.

Dr. Cornwall is a full time pediatric hand and upper extremity surgeon who founded the Hand and Upper Extremity Center at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center in 2009. He is nationally known for his expertise in treating conditions that affect the pediatric hand and upper extremities, including complex trauma and congenital deformities, and brachial plexus injuries. He also runs a basic science laboratory investigating the neurological control of postnatal muscle growth, aiming to develop novel physiological treatments for neuromuscular contractures.

MD: Columbia University, New York, NY, 1997.

Residency: Orthopaedic Surgery, Mount Sinai Hospital, New York, NY, 2002.

Fellowship: Hand and Upper Extremity Surgery, Harvard University, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Massachusetts General Hospital, Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, MA, 2003.

Fellowship: Pediatric Orthopaedic Surgery, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, 2004.

Visiting Fellowship: Pediatric Orthopaedic and Hand Surgery, Groote Schuur Hospital and Red Cross Children's Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa, 2004.

Visiting Fellowship: Pediatric Hand and Brachial Plexus Surgery, l'Institut de la Main, Paris, France, 2004.

Certification: American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery, 2006;Certificate of Added Qualifications in Surgery of the Hand,The American Board of Surgery, 2009. 

View PubMed Publications

Cheng W, Cornwall R, Crouch DL, Li Z, Saul KR. Contributions of Muscle Imbalance and Impaired Growth to Postural and Osseous Shoulder Deformity Following Brachial Plexus Birth Palsy: A Computational Simulation Analysis. J Hand Surg Am. 2015 Apr 3.

Eismann EA, Little KJ, Laor T, Cornwall R. Glenohumeral abduction contracture in children with unresolved neonatal brachial plexus palsy. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2015 Jan 21;97(2):112-8.

Eismann EA, Lucky AW, Cornwall R. Hand function and quality of life in children with epidermolysis bullosa. Pediatr Dermatol. 2014 Mar-Apr;31(2):176-82.

Nikolaou S, Hu L, Tuttle LJ, Weekley H, Christopher W, Lieber RL, Cornwall R. Contribution of denervated muscle to contractures after neonatal brachial plexus injury: not just muscle fibrosis.Muscle Nerve. 2014 Mar;49(3):398-404.

Eismann EA, Bauer A, Kozin SH, Louden E, Cornwall R. The relationship between medical malpractice litigation and parent reports of patient function following neonatal brachial plexus palsy. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2014 Mar 5;96(5):373-9.

Eismann EA, Little KJ, Kunkel ST, Cornwall R. Clinical research fails to support more aggressive management of pediatric upper extremity fractures. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2013 Aug 7;95(15):1345-50.

Reading BD, Laor T, Salisbury SR, Lippert WC, Cornwall R. Quantification of humeral head deformity following neonatal brachial plexus palsy. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2012 Sep 19;94(18):e136(1-8).

Weekley H, Nikolaou S, Hu L, Eismann E, Wylie C, Cornwall R. The effects of denervation, reinnervation, and muscle imbalance on functional muscle length and elbow flexion contracture following neonatal brachial plexus injury. J Orthop Res. 2012 Aug;30(8):1335-42.

Kunkel S, Eismann E, Cornwall R. Utility of the pediatric outcomes data collection instrument for assessing acute hand and wrist injuries in children. J Pediatr Orthop. 2011 Oct-Nov;31(7):767-72.

Nikolaou S, Peterson E, Kim A, Wylie C, Cornwall R. Impaired growth of denervated muscle contributes to contracture formation following neonatal brachial plexus injury. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2011 Mar 2;93(5):461-70.

The Role of Satellite Cells in Contracture Formation Following Neonatal Brachial Plexus Injury. Principal Investigator. Career Development Award, Orthopaedic Research and Education Foundation. Jul 2013-Jun 2016.