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Allison Allgier, OTR/L Occupational Therapist II, Division of Occupational Therapy and Physical Therapy
Donita I. Bylski-Austrow, PhD Director, Biomechanics Research Laboratory
Director, Biomechanics Research Laboratory
Associate Professor, UC Department of Pediatrics
Donita Bylski-Austrow, PhD, joined Cincinnati Children's in 1995. She directs biomechanics research, which has focused primarily on the thoracic spine for the purpose of improving the treatment of scoliosis.
She has published peer-reviewed scientific articles in premier journals and regularly presents research results at national and international meetings. Past research experience has encompassed biomechanical aspects of auto occupant injury; birth trauma effects on the fetal skull; ultrasound-computed tomography; and knee injury treatment, especially of the menisci and anterior cruciate ligament. She determined the effects of surgical techniques on the mechanical properties of the spine toward improving the treatment of scoliosis using endoscopy. A main focus of interest is the mechanobiology of vertebral growth. These studies combine an innovative surgical approaches with mechanics, biology, and imaging. In collaboration with a visiting surgeon from Japan, she defined the mechanical function of the nuchal ligament to help prevent post-laminectomy kyphotic deformities.
PhD: The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor Bioengineering, 1986.
MSE: The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor Applied Mechanics, 1983
MS: The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor Bioengineering, 1981
BSE: The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor Mechanical Engineering, 1978
Glos DL, Sauser FE, Papautsky I, Bylski-Austrow DI. Implantable MEMS compressive stress sensors: Design, fabrication and calibration with application to the disc annulus. J Biomech. 2010 Aug 10;43(11):2244-8. Epub 2010 May 6. Bylski-Austrow DI, Wall EJ, Glos DL, Ballard ET, Montgomery A, Crawford AH. Spinal hemiepiphysiodesis decreases the size of vertebral growth plate hypertrophic zone and cells. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2009 Mar 1;91(3):584-93. Bylski-Austrow DI, Glos DL, Sauser FE, Papautsky I, Crawford AH, Wall EJ. Bilateral intra-annular spinal compressive stresses in vivo. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2006;123:398-403. Bylski-Austrow DI, Wall EJ, Glos DL, Ballard ET, Stringer K, Crawford AH. Spinal hemiepiphysiodesis correlates with physeal histomorphometric gradients. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2006;123:261-6.
Wall EJ, Bylski-Austrow DI, Kolata RJ, Crawford AH. Endoscopic Mechanical Spinal Hemiepiphysiodesis Modifies Spine Growth. Spine. 2005 Mar;30(10):1148-1153. Takeshita K, Bylski-Austrow DI, Peterson TK, Crawford AH, Nakamura K. The Nuchal Ligament Restrains Cervical Spine Flexion. Spine. 2004;29: E388-393. Bylski-Austrow DI, Wall EJ, Rupert MP, Roy DR, Crawford AH. Growth Plate Forces in Adolescent Human Knees: Radiographic and Mechanical Study of Epiphyseal Staples. J Pediatric Orthopaedics. 2001;21:817-823.
Alvin H. Crawford, MD, FACS Professor Emeritus
Emeritus, Division of Pediatric Surgery
Deformities of the immature spine with intervention and instrumentation via video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery; neurofibromatosis; bone tumors; hip disorders
Alvin H. Crawford, MD, one of the nation's foremost authorities on video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery and neurofibromatosis, is the co-director of the Crawford Spine Center at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center.
Since joining the staff of Cincinnati Children's in 1977, Dr. Crawford has completed a teaching module in Pediatric Orthopaedics, which includes a 1000-slide and syllabus packet widely used as a teaching instrument in U.S. residency programs, as well as in 33 other countries.
Dr. Crawford has also co-authored a handbook of Pediatric Orthopaedics for pediatric house officers and primary care physicians, as well as assisted in the development and publication of an atlas on Pediatric Orthopaedic radiology.
Dr. Crawford has authored a monograph on neurofibromatosis in children, a field in which he is considered the leading expert, achieving internationally renowned status. His publications include more than 200 articles and abstracts, six books, and 52 chapters.
Dr. Crawford's multiple visiting professorships, in addition to the United States, include Canada, West Africa, the Middle East (Jordan and Saudi Arabia), Germany, Italy, Denmark, Holland, Sweden, Brazil, Colombia, England, Belgium, Chile, Spain, Argentina and Ireland. He has trained 25 fellows in Pediatric Orthopaedic Surgery.
Dr. Crawford earned his undergraduate degree in Chemistry and Biochemistry at the Tennessee A and I University in 1960, with a minor in Music. He earned his medical degree at the University of Tennessee College of Medicine in 1964.
MD: University of Tennessee, Memphis, TN, 1964.
Residency: Orthopaedic Surgery, US Naval Hospital, Boston, MA: Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA.
Fellowships: Orthopaedic Research and Education Foundation, Carl-Berg International Fellowship; Constructive Surgery of the Hip, New England Baptist Hospital, Boston, MA; Pediatric Orthopaedics, Children's Hospital, Boston, MA; Alfred I. DuPont Institute, Wilmington, DL.
Certification: American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery.
White L, Mehlman CT, Crawford AH. Perfused, pulseless, and puzzling: a systematic review of vascular injuries in pediatric supracondylar humerus fractures and results of a POSNA questionnaire. J Pediatr Orthop. 2010 Jun;30(4):328-35. Review. Desai R, Stevenson CB, Crawford AH, Durrani AA, Mangano FT. C-1 lateral mass screw fixation in children with atlantoaxial instability: case series and technical report. J Spinal Disord Tech. 2010 Oct;23(7):474-9. McCarty ME, Mehlman CT, Tamai J, Do TT, Crawford AH, Klein G. Spondylolisthesis: intraobserver and interobserver reliability with regard to the measurement of slip percentage. J Pediatr Orthop. 2009 Oct-Nov;29(7):755-9. Agabegi SS, Antekeier DP, Crawford AH, Crone KR. Postlaminectomy kyphosis in an achondroplastic adolescent treated for spinal stenosis. Orthopedics. 2008 Feb;31(2):168.
Herrera-Sota JA, Crawford AH: Idiopathic Scoliosis in Children and Adolescents: Diagnosis and Treatment Options. Pediatric Health. 2008;2(1),89-98.
Crawford AH, Adjei OB, Lenke LG: It Was a Unilateral Opinion Expressed Solely by Dr. Vora Who Now Regrets Its Connotation and Unfortunate Publication. Spine. 2008;33(18):2023.
Wall EJ, Jain V, Vora V, Mehlman CT, Crawford AH: Complications of Titanium and Stainless Steel Elastic Nail Fixation of Pediatric Femoral Fractures. JBJS. 2008;90-A (6):1305-13.
Crawford AH, Agabegi, SS : Postlaminectomy Kyphosis in an Achondroplastic Child Treated for Spinal Stenosis. Orthopedics. 2008;31(2):168.
Crawford AH, Herrera J: Scoliosis Associated with Neurofibromatosis. Orthop Clin North Am. 2007;38(4):553-62. Review.
Salinsky JP, Scuderi GJ, Crawford AH: Occipito-atlanto-axial Dissociation in a Child With Preservation of Life: a Case Report and Review of the Literature. Pediatr Neurosurg. 2007;43(2):137-41. Review.
Charles T. Mehlman, DO, MPH Director, Musculoskeletal Outcomes Research
Director, Musculoskeletal Outcomes Research
Co-Director, Brachial Plexus Center
Professor, Division of Pediatric Surgery
Musculoskeletal outcomes research; orthopaedic trauma; bone tumors; arthroscopic surgery; shoulder and elbow surgery; spine surgery; foot and ankle surgery; limb deficiencies in children
Pediatric outcomes: quality of life following traumatic injury, traction and casting versus flexible intramedullary nailing of femoral fractures in children; brachial plexus injuries; effectiveness of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery in the management of pediatric spinal deformity biomechanical study of Nancy nails, outcomes following pediatric thoracolumbar spinal trauma; medical soft-tissue release and petrie casting for the treatment of Legg-Calve-Perthes disease; perioperative complications associated with operative treatment of supracondylar humeral fractures in children; undisplaced fractures of the distal radius and ulna in children -- risk factors for displacement; talus fractures in children; complications associated with the use of meniscal arrows in children; effectiveness of halo-femoral traction in the management of severe spinal deformity; orthopaedic injuries in children secondary to airbag deployment; buckle fractures of the distal radius and ulna -- risk factors for displacement; hip problems associated with Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome and effectiveness of flexible intramedullary nailing of pediatric tibia fractures
Talbert RJ, Michaud LJ, Mehlman CT, Kinnett DG, Laor T, Foad SL, Schnell B, Salisbury S. EMG and MRI are Independently Related to Shoulder External Rotation Function in Neonatal Brachial Plexus Palsy. J Pediatr Orthop. 2011 Mar;31(2):194-204.
Parikh SN, Wells L, Mehlman CT, Scherl SA. Management of fractures in adolescents. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2010 Dec 15;92(18):2947-58. Review.
Bowman EN, Mehlman CT, Lindsell CJ, Tamai J. Nonoperative treatment of both-bone forearm shaft fractures in children: predictors of early radiographic failure. J Pediatr Orthop. 2011 Jan-Feb;31(1):23-32.
Gammon SR, Mehlman CT, Chan W, Heifetz J, Durrett G, Wall EJ. A comparison of thoracolumbosacral orthoses and SpineCor treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients using the Scoliosis Research Society standardized criteria. J Pediatr Orthop. 2010 Sep;30(6):531-8.
White L, Mehlman CT, Crawford AH. Perfused, pulseless, and puzzling: a systematic review of vascular injuries in pediatric supracondylar humerus fractures and results of a POSNA questionnaire. J Pediatr Orthop. 2010 Jun;30(4):328-35. Review.
Babal JC, Mehlman CT, Klein G. Nerve injuries associated with pediatric supracondylar humeral fractures: a meta-analysis. J Pediatr Orthop. 2010 Apr-May;30(3):253-63.
McCarty ME, Mehlman CT, Tamai J, Do TT, Crawford AH, Klein G. Spondylolisthesis: intraobserver and interobserver reliability with regard to the measurement of slip percentage. J Pediatr Orthop. 2009 Oct-Nov;29(7):755-9.
McGraw MA, Mehlman CT, Lindsell CJ, Kirby CL. Postnatal growth of the clavicle: birth to 18 years of age. J Pediatr Orthop. 2009 Dec;29(8):937-43.
Mehlman CT, Yihua G, Bochang C, Zhigang W. Operative treatment of completely displaced clavicle shaft fractures in children. J Pediatr Orthop. 2009 Dec;29(8):851-5.
Foad SL, Mehlman CT, Foad MB, Lippert WC. Prognosis following neonatal brachial plexus palsy: an evidence-based review. J Child Orthop. 2009 Nov 3.
Junichi Tamai, MD Director, Physician Assistant Program, Division of Pediatric Orthopaedic Surgery
Director, Physician Assistant Program, Division of Pediatric Orthopaedic Surgery
Assistant Professor, UC Department of Pediatrics
Dr. Tamai completed his residency in Orthopaedic Surgery at The George Washington University Medical Center, in Washington, D.C. and was fellowship trained in Pediatric Orthopaedics at the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia. In September of 2002, Dr. Tamai joined the Division of Pediatric Orthopaedics.
Dr. Tamai’s clinical interests include Legg-Calve-Perthes, hip dysplasia and other pediatric and adolescent hip disorders, clubfeet and other pediatric foot disorders and pediatric fractures.
MD: Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, 1996.
Residency: Orthopaedic Surgery, The George Washington University Medical Center, 2001.
Fellowship: Pediatric Orthopaedics, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, 2002.
Certification: Board Certified - American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery.
Bowman EN, Mehlman CT, Lindsell CJ, Tamai J. Nonoperative treatment of both-bone forearm shaft fractures in children: predictors of early radiographic failure. J Pediatr Orthop. 2011 Jan-Feb;31(1):23-32 McCarty ME, Mehlman CT, Tamai J, Do TT, Crawford AH, Klein G. Spondylolisthesis: intraobserver and interobserver reliability with regard to the measurement of slip percentage. J Pediatr Orthop. 2009 Oct-Nov;29(7):755-9.
Herrera-Soto JA, Santiago-Cornier A, Segal LS, Ramirez N, Tamai J.: The Musculoskeletal Manifestations of the Coffin-Lowry Syndrome. Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics. 2007;27(1): 85-89.
Trapp CM, Tamai J, Schleiss MR. Septic Arthritis Secondary to Fusobacterium Necrophorum in a 4-Year-Old Girl: Case Report and Review of the Literature. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2005 Sep;24(9):846-847.
Tamai J. Pediatric Orthopaedic Trauma. Current Opinions in Orthopaedics. 2004 Dec;15(6).
Tamai J, Herrera-Soto J, Crawford AH. New Orthopaedic Trends. In Neural Tube Defects Oppenheimer S (Ed.). New York, NY: Informa Healthcare, 2007.
Tamai J, Dormans JP, Erol B. Hip Disorders. In Pediatric Orthopaedics and Sports Medicine: The Requisite in Pediatrics Dormans JP (Ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby/Elsevier Health Sciences, 2004.
Horn BD, Wells L, and Tamai J. Lower Extremity Fractures. In Pediatric Orthopaedics and Sports Medicine: The Requisite in Pediatrics Dormans JP (Ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby/Elsevier Health Sciences, 2004.
Tamai J, Dormans JP, Erol B, States L, Pawel BR. Musculoskeletal Tumors in Children. In Pediatric Orthopaedics and Sports Medicine: The Requisite in Pediatrics Dormans JP (Ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby/Elsevier Health Sciences, 2004.
Sherrie L. Truitt, AS Clinical Research Coordinator, Orthopaedic Physicians and Staff
Eric J. Wall, MD Director, Orthopaedic Sports Medicine
Director, Orthopaedic Sports Medicine
Director, Orthopaedic Fellowship
Professor, UC Department of Surgery
Endoscopic non-fusion scoliosis correction with guided growth; sports growth plate arrest overuse syndromes; patella dislocations; anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction in patients with open growth plates; osteochondritis dissecans treatment
Hip disorders; open pelvic osteotomy and endoscopic pelvic osteotomy
A professor of Pediatric Orthopaedics at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Eric J. Wall, MD, specializes in sports medicine and scoliosis treatment.
Dr. Wall completed his orthopaedic residency at the University of California, San Diego. He is fellowship trained in biomechanics and spine research at the University of California, San Diego, and pediatric orthopaedics at the Children’s Hospital in Los Angeles. In addition, Dr. Wall holds a certificate in Sports Medicine and is recognized as a national leader in pediatric sports medicine. Dr. Wall’s clinical interests include endoscopic pelvic surgery, osteochondritis dissecans, scoliosis, sports-related injuries, orthopaedic basic science research and orthopaedic management of myelomeningocele.
Eric Wall, M.D. has rapidly established himself in pediatric sports medicine, as well as endoscopic surgery. He has made important contributions to endoscopic surgery through his basic science research efforts in video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) and his innovative creation of an endoscopic pelvic osteotomy technique. Dr. Wall has developed new techniques for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, the treatment of patella dislocations and osteochondritis dissecans in young patients. He also co-founded Research in OsteoChondritis of the Knee (ROCK), the multidisciplinary OCD (osteochondritis dissecans) Study Group of North America.
Dr. Wall stepped down as the division director in August 2010. His focus will now be to concentrate on his revolutionary treatment of early onset scoliosis using spine staples, which were recently FDA approved and is the first and only approved by the FDA. The technique can eliminate extensive spinal fusion to correct an abnormal curvature by stapling together the growth plates on the actively growing side of the deformity to allow the other side of the spine to catch up.
Lippert WC, Owens RF, Wall EJ. Salter-Harris type III fractures of the distal femur: plain radiographs can be deceptive. J Pediatr Orthop. 2010 Sep;30(6):598-605. Gammon SR, Mehlman CT, Chan W, Heifetz J, Durrett G, Wall EJ. A comparison of thoracolumbosacral orthoses and SpineCor treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients using the Scoliosis Research Society standardized criteria. J Pediatr Orthop. 2010 Sep;30(6):531-8.
Quatman CE, Myer GD, Khoury J, Wall EJ, Hewett TE. Sex differences in "weightlifting" injuries presenting to United States emergency rooms. J Strength Cond Res. 2009 Oct;23(7):2061-7 Myer GD, Quatman CE, Khoury J, Wall EJ, Hewett TE. Youth versus adult "weightlifting" injuries presenting to United States emergency rooms: accidental versus nonaccidental injury mechanisms. J Strength Cond Res. 2009 Oct;23(7):2054-60. Bylski-Austrow DI, Wall EJ, Glos DL, Ballard ET, Montgomery A, Crawford AH. Spinal hemiepiphysiodesis decreases the size of vertebral growth plate hypertrophic zone and cells. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2009 Mar 1;91(3):584-93. Myer GD, Ford KR, Divine JG, Wall EJ, Kahanov L, Hewett TE. Longitudinal assessment of noncontact anterior cruciate ligament injury risk factors during maturation in a female athlete: a case report. J Athl Train. 2009 Jan-Feb;44(1):101-9. Wall EJ, Vourazeris J, Myer GD, Emery KH, Divine JG, Nick TG, Hewett TE. The healing potential of stable juvenile osteochondritis dissecans knee lesions. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2008 Dec;90(12):2655-64. Lippert WC, Wall EJ. Optimal intramuscular needle-penetration depth. Pediatrics. 2008 Sep;122(3):e556-63. Wall EJ, Jain V, Vora V, Mehlman CT, Crawford AH. Complications of titanium and stainless steel elastic nail fixation of pediatric femoral fractures. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2008 Jun;90(6):1305-13. Hébert KJ, Laor T, Divine JG, Emery KH, Wall EJ. MRI appearance of chronic stress injury of the iliac crest apophysis in adolescent athletes. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2008 Jun;190(6):1487-91.
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