Health Topics

Anesthesia for Neonatal Surgery

Neonatal anesthesia includes general anesthesia for term babies in the first month of life, as well as premature babies (babies born before the 37th week of pregnancy).

During surgery, anesthesiologists focus on preventing and treating:

  • Apnea (when breathing stops for 10 seconds or longer)
  • Meticulous fluid replacement
  • Managing blood loss
  • Monitoring and maintaining blood glucose levels
  • Controlling temperature
  • Managing pain

Hernia repair is a common procedure performed in newborns. We also do surgery for less common newborn conditions:

  • Tracheoesophageal fistula (an abnormal opening between the trachea and the esophagus)
  • Necrotizing enterocolitis (damage to the intestines)
  • Gastroschisis (an opening in the abdominal wall that allows the stomach and small and large intestines to protrude outside the body)
  • Omphalocele [a congenital (present at birth) malformation of the abdominal wall in which abdominal contents protrude into a thin-walled sac outside of the abdominal cavity]
  • Pyloric stenosis (narrowing of the lower portion of the stomach that leads to the small intestine)
  • Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (part of the abdomen protrudes through the diaphragm)
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Before the Surgery

During the Surgery

After the Surgery


Last Updated: 05/2012