Ciprofloxacin

(sye-proe-FLOKS-uh-sin) 

Ciprofloxacin (Cipro) is an antibiotic used to treat many kinds of infections.

It can be given by mouth as an immediate release tablet, extended release tablet, or liquid. It is also available as an intravenous (IV) injection.

  • Ciprofloxacin immediate and extended release tablets are taken with a full glass of water. It works best on an empty stomach one hour before or two hours after a meal.
  • Immediate release tablets can be crushed and mixed with water to give through a feeding tube. Make sure to flush the tube before and after giving your child this medication. It is important to hold tube feedings at least one hour before and two hours after giving the medication.
  • For the extended release tablet, do not crush, split, or chew.
  • For the liquid medication, shake well and use an oral measuring cup or oral syringe to measure the dose as prescribed by your doctor. Do not give through feeding tubes as the medication will stick to the tubing and not work right and can also clog the tube.
  • If this medicine upsets your child's stomach, the doctor may tell you to give ciprofloxacin with food, but not dairy or milk products.
  • When ciprofloxacin is mixed with certain foods and other medicines, it can bind and not get absorbed, causing it not to work right. Because of this, do not give the medicine within two to three hours of any dairy products (milk, formula, cheese, pudding, yogurt); iron products (sometimes part of vitamins); antacids or sucralfate (medicine for sour stomach, indigestion).
  • It is important to have your child drink a lot of water or other fluids while taking this medicine unless the doctor tells you not to.
  • Notify the doctor before using this medication during pregnancy or breastfeeding.
  • Notify your child's doctor if other medicines, prescription or over-the-counter (OTC), are being taken, as some medicines will not work with ciprofloxacin.
  • Notify your child's doctor if there is a history of seizures (epilepsy), kidney disease, or brain or spinal cord damage.
  • Avoid excessive exposure to sunlight.
  • Store at room temperature away from moisture and sunlight. Do not store in the bathroom.
  • Do not use after the expiration date on the bottle / package.
  • If too much medication is taken by accident, call the Drug and Poison Information Center (DPIC), 513-636-5111 or 1-800-222-1222, or call your child's doctor right away.
  • Keep this medication out of the reach of children.

For any medication information related to your child's dosing schedule and / or missed doses, contact the health care provider who prescribed the medication.

  • Problems breathing
  • Skin rash, peeling of skin
  • Swelling of face or hands
  • Tendon pain
  • Confusion
  • Hallucinations (seeing visions)
  • Increased sensitivity to the sun, causing your child to burn more easily
  • Upset stomach
  • Diarrhea (loose stools)
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Headache
  • Dizziness

Last Updated 11/2013