Follow these safety tips for outdoor activities under the sun:
- If your child begins to get sick or queasy from the heat, have him or her lie down in a cool, shady spot and give fluids. If this doesn't help, seek medical help.
- Children need constant fluids to avoid heat stress. Water is ideal, but lemonade, sports drinks, fruit juices, snow cones and Popsicles also are good choices.
- Avoid caffeinated drinks. Caffeine is a diuretic, which causes a person to urinate the water he or she should be retaining.
- Locate areas with shade for resting frequent rest periods.
- Schedule activities for cooler times of the day. Avoid high activity during 10 am-3 pm.
- Never leave anyone in a parked car, even if the windows are cracked or down.
- Protect skin from sunburns. Most of our sun exposure happens before we turn 18 years old and may contribute to the risk of developing cancer later in life.
- Sunscreen of SPF 15 or greater, made for children, can be applied if you cannot keep your child covered or in the shade.
- Before using sunscreen, apply a small amount to a limited area and watch for any reaction. Contact your pediatrician if a rash develops.
- Keep babies under 6 months of age out of direct sunlight.
- Reapply sunscreen at least every two hours or following water activity or sweating.
- If your baby gets sunburned, contact your pediatrician immediately. Dress your child in loose-fitting, lightweight clothing that covers the entire body, including a wide-brimmed hat and sunglasses. Sunglasses with UV protection are also a great idea to protect your child’s eyes from the sun.