Heart Institute Encyclopedia

  • Anesthesia and Pain Control

    What to Expect Before, During and After Cardiac Surgery

    General anesthesia is used during cardiac surgery and is administered by a member of the pediatric cardiac anesthesia team. In some cases, general anesthesia may also be used for children undergoing cardiac catheterization procedures or transesophageal echocardiograms (TEE).

    Patients and families often have significant concerns about not only the surgical procedure, but about anesthesia and pain control. The pain associated with surgery can be a frightening prospect and lead to increased anxiety. It is important to know what to expect and how both pain and anxiety will be managed before, during and after surgery.