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"Transition" is generally defined as the passage from child-centered activities to adult-oriented activities. It occurs in several main aspects of life:
There are many challenges that make the transition process to adulthood difficult. Some examples include:
Planning for the transition from adolescence to adulthood begins at age 14 years. Consideration should be given at that time to both career goals and life skills training, given the adolescents strengths, interests and challenges. This helps create a vision for adult life.
By age 16 years these elements should be included in the school Individualized Education Plan (IEP), and links to community resources / agencies should be facilitated.
Remember that public special education services are available until age 22 years; therefore, a decision about "deferred graduation" must be made at or prior to 18 years of age. Learn more about Education and Postsecondary Education Options.
Life skills is a term that is used to describe tasks that are needed for an adult to be able to take care of themselves. When evaluating what type of support an adolescent may need, it can be helpful to categorize each task by:
Examples of life skills, include:
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