Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics
Division Data Summary
Research and Training Details
|Number of Faculty||26|
|Number of Research Fellows||3|
|Number of Support Personnel||140|
|Direct Annual Grant Support||$1,715,747|
|Peer Reviewed Publications||29|
Clinical Activities and Training
|Number of Clinical Staff||21|
|Number of Clinical Fellows||5|
|Number of Other Students||45|
Row 1: K Kroeger-Geoppinger, K Mason
Row 2: P Logan, T Froehlich, P Manning-Courtney, I Riddle
Row 3: A Esbensen, J Anixt
Autism Treatment Network Successes
The Kelly O’Leary Center for Autism Spectrum Disorders (TKOC) is entering its sixth year of funding as a member of the Autism Speaks - Autism Treatment Network (AS-ATN). TKOC remains the leading enrollment site for the 17-site network, enrolling a total of 565 patients into the national AS-ATN registry, consisting of 6,380 patients. TKOC was also a contributing site to a novel ASD biorespository study, funded by NIMH and Autism Speaks, collecting blood and urine on 152 children with ASD and their parents. The AS-ATN published a supplement to Pediatrics this year, focusing on improving health care for children with ASD and other neurodevelopmental disorders. With support from the AS-ATN, TKOC provided training to over 1,600 ASD providers and family members in FY 2013.
Innovative Developmental-Behavioral Pediatric Research Network
Our Division is one of 12 sites in the Developmental-Behavioral Pediatrics research network, funded by the Maternal and Child Health Bureau. As one of the largest sites in the network, our division has participated in work that has guided key research agendas in the field of developmental-behavioral pediatrics, identified the clinical practice variability within the field, and guided our understanding of using electronic health records to answer clinical research questions within the field of developmental and behavioral pediatrics.
New Advances in ADHD
Froehlich’s research, funded by her NIH K23 award, has contributed substantially to the understanding of ADHD. She elucidated the effects of dopamine gene variants on methylphenidate response in children with ADHD. She collaborated on the development of a novel genotyping assay for carboxylesterase 1 (CES1), the enzyme which metabolizes methylphenidate, and is currently evaluating the effects of this genetic variant on methylphenidate response. In addition to her work on identifying predictors of ADHD medication response, she has contributed to our knowledge about the impact of toxic exposures on ADHD-related behaviors (e.g., lead and in-utero tobacco exposure), and is currently co-investigator on an NIH R01 grant which aims to determine the effects of pyrethroid pesticide exposure on ADHD symptoms and executive functioning. Froehlich has also examined national datasets to further understanding of ADHD prevalence, including how socio-demographic disparities (such as poverty, insurance status and race) impact rates of ADHD and its pharmacotherapy.
Ryan Adams, PhD
Dr. Ryan Adams, Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, has developed an anti-bullying curriculum for girls, with support from Proctor and Gamble and the Secret brand. The web-based curriculum, designed for students, teachers and parents, was tested on 251 girls from three local high schools, with a 5% decrease in the experience of bullying overall, and an 11% decrease for girls experiencing the highest level of bullying at baseline. Adams was supported by the “Secret Mean Stinks” campaign, and the curriculum, known as "The Girls Guide to Bullying”, is available free on-line. “Secret Mean Stinks” will be implementing national dissemination of this important work.
- Adams RE, Cantin S. Self-Disclosure in Friendships as the Moderator of the Association Between Peer Victimization and Depressive Symptoms in Overweight Adolescents. Journal of Early Adolescence. 2013 April;33(3):341-62.
- This study examined the protective effects against bullying and depression from friendships for overweight teens. Best friend self-disclosure made it less likely that the obese adolescents' self-esteem for their physical appearance was affected by peer victimization and protecting self-esteem, in turn, made it less likely that depressive symptoms increased as a result of being victimized. This study identified potential protective factors of friendship in teens who are at risk of being targets of bullying.
- Coury DL, Anagnostou E, Manning-Courtney P, Reynolds, A, Cole, L, McCoy R, et al. Use of psychotropic medication in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorders. Pediatrics. 2012 Nov;130 Suppl 2:S69-76.
- This paper described rates of psychotropic medication use in one of the largest and well characterized samples of children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder. Data from the Autism Treatment Network on over 2800 children provided knowledge about psychotropic medication use and the association with specific of psychiatric co-morbidities as well as family and child demographic characteristics. Disparate care was noted for some children based on type of insurance type, race, and age.
- Ehrhardt J, Huntington N, Molino J, Barbaresi W. Special education and later academic achievement. J Dev Behav Pediatri. 2013 Feb;32(2)111-9.
- This paper adds to this body of literature by showing that, in a large, nationally representative sample, the timing of entry to special education services impacts reading achievement in children with reading disorders. Early, evidence-based intervention has been shown to be effective in remediating reading disabilities. For children with reading disabilities, earlier entry to special education (by first grade as compared with second or third grade services) was associated with larger gains in reading achievement between first and fifth grade. As children with learning disabilities, including reading disorders, comprise the largest proportion of US children enrolled in special education services, this work is important in understanding factors which are linked to improved outcomes.
- Huerta M, Bishop SL, Duncan A, Hus V Lord C. Application of DSM-5 criteria for autism spectrum disorder to three samples of children with SDM-IV diagnoses of pervasive developmental disorders. The American Journal of Psychiatry. 2012 Oct;169(10);1056-64.
- This paper examined the sensitivity and specificity of the DSM-5 criteria for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in over 4400 children with DSM-IV diagnoses of ASD and 690 children with non-ASD diagnoses. Results indicated that over 90% of children with ASD would continue to meet eligibility for a diagnosis using the proposed DSM-5 criteria for ASD. In addition, when applying DSM-5 criteria, the authors found greater sensitivity in specific subgroups (e.g., females with ASD, children under the age of 4) and greater specificity as compared to DSM-IV criteria. Thus, the DSM-5 criteria for ASD appears to continue to identify most children with previous diagnoses of ASD and also leads to fewer misclassifications as compared to DSM-IV criteria.
- Wiley S, Meinzen-Derr J, Stremel-Thomas K, Schalock M, Bashinksi SM, Ruder C. Read Outcomes for children with deaf-blindness with cochlear implants; a multisite observational study. Otol Neurotol. 2013 Apr;34(3):507-15.
- This study shifted the prior level of evidence on outcomes of children with dual sensory loss with cochlear implants from small case series to a large observational study. Among 91 children across the United States with dual sensory loss with a cochlear implant, language outcomes were highly variable. Approximately 25% of children achieving good language levels and cognitive development rather than type of vision impairment was most predictive of better language outcomes.
Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics Publications
- Self-Disclosure in Friendships as the Moderator of the Association Between Peer Victimization and Depressive Symptoms in Overweight Adolescents. Journal of Early Adolescence. 2013; 33:341-362., .
- Subcategories of restricted and repetitive behaviors in children with autism spectrum disorders. J Autism Dev Disord. 2013; 43:1287-97., , , , , , , , , .
- Self-reported autism symptoms in adults with autism spectrum disorders. J Autism Dev Disord. 2012; 42:2354-63., .
- Research priorities for developmental-behavioral pediatrics: a DBPNet consensus study. J Dev Behav Pediatr. 2012; 33:509-16., , , , , .
- The New York PTSD risk score for assessment of psychological trauma: male and female versions. Psychiatry Res. 2012; 200:827-34., , , , , .
- Brokers at risk: Gender differences in the effects of structural position on social stress and life satisfaction.. Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice. 2012; 16:218-230., .
- Use of psychotropic medication in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorders. Pediatrics. 2012; 130 Suppl 2:S69-76., , , , , , , .
- Prevalence and incidence of autism spectrum disorder in an Israeli population. J Autism Dev Disord. 2013; 43:785-93., , , .
- Left out, sluggardly, and blue: Low self-control mediates the relationship between ostracism and depression. Personality and Individual Differences. 2012; 53:832-837., , , , .
- Special education and later academic achievement. J Dev Behav Pediatr. 2013; 34:111-9., , , .
- Cognitive–Behavioral Therapy for Mood Disorders. In: JL Taylor, WR Lindsay, RP Hastings, C Hatton, eds. Psychological Therapies for Adults with Intellectual Disabilities. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. ; 2013:117-132., .
- Accounting for racial disparities in mortality among children with Down Syndrome. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research. 2012; 56:754., , , .
- Validation of the Ostracism Experience Scale for Adolescents. Psychol Assess. 2012; 25:319-30., , , , .
- Exploring the relationship between anxiety and insistence on sameness in autism spectrum disorders. Autism Res. 2013; 6:33-41., , , , , , , .
- Developmental disabilities and intracranial abnormalities in children with symptomatic cytomegalovirus and cochlear implants. ISRN Otolaryngol. 2012; 2012:502746., , , , , , .
- The effects of aripiprazole on electrocardiography in children with pervasive developmental disorders. J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol. 2012; 22:277-83., , , , , , .
- Response to Ritvo and Ritvo letter. Am J Psychiatry. 2013; 170:445-6., , , , .
- Application of DSM-5 criteria for autism spectrum disorder to three samples of children with DSM-IV diagnoses of pervasive developmental disorders. Am J Psychiatry. 2012; 169:1056-64., , , , .
- Factors influencing scores on the social responsiveness scale. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2013; 54:216-24., , , , .
- Executive functioning and psychological adjustment in children and youth with spina bifida. Child Neuropsychol. 2012; 18:417-31., , , , , , .
- Autism as early neurodevelopmental disorder: evidence for an sAPPalpha-mediated anabolic pathway. Front Cell Neurosci. 2013; 7:94., , , , , .
- Autism spectrum disorders. Curr Probl Pediatr Adolesc Health Care. 2013; 43:2-11., , , , , , , , , , .
- Anxiety, sensory over-responsivity, and gastrointestinal problems in children with autism spectrum disorders. J Abnorm Child Psychol. 2013; 41:165-76., , , , , , , , .
- Collaborative learning and technology skills development: evaluation of an online annual grantee meeting. Matern Child Health J. 2012; 16:1549-52., , , , , , , , .
- Factors Underlying Contextual Variations in the Structure of the Self: Differences Related to SES, Gender, Culture, and "Majority/Nonmajority" Status During Early Adolescence. Journal of Research on Adolescence. 2013; 23:69-80., , , , , .
- Paliperidone for irritability in adolescents and young adults with autistic disorder. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2012; 223:237-45., , , , .
- Use of the ages and stages questionnaire in young children who are deaf/hard of hearing as a screening for additional disabilities. Early Hum Dev. 2013; 89:295-300., .
- Outcomes for children with deaf-blindness with cochlear implants: a multisite observational study. Otol Neurotol. 2013; 34:507-15., , , , , .
- Diffusion tensor imaging properties and neurobehavioral outcomes in children with hydrocephalus. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2013; 34:439-45., , , , , , , , , , , , .
Faculty, Staff, and Trainees
- David Schonfeld, MD, Professor
- Leadership Division Director (July-Oct)
- Research Interests Children's understanding of serious illness (e.g., AIDS, cancer)and death and school-based interventions to advance children's understanding and adjustment and to prevent the onset of risk behaviors.
- Patricia Manning-Courtney, MD, Associate Professor
- Leadership Co-Interim Division Director (Oct-Jun); Medical Director, Kelly O' Leary Center for Autism Spectrum Disorders
- Research Interests Autism and Quality Improvement Access Services
- Susan Wiley, MD, Associate Professor
- Leadership Co-Interim Division Director (Oct-Jun)
- Research Interests Children with dual sensory impairments, children who are deaf/hard of hearing with an additional disability, functional communication in young children who are deaf/hard of hearing
- Sonya Oppenheimer, MD, Professor Emerita
- Research Interests Spina Bifida; High-Risk Infants; Early Intervention; Down Syndrome
- Ryan Adams, PhD, Assistant Professor
- Research Interests Adolescent relationships (i.e. friendships, mother-child, romantic relationships); peer groups, peer victimization, & peer experiences of obese adolescents and adolescents w/autism spectrum disorder
- Julia Anixt, MD, Assistant Professor
- Research Interests ADHD; the diagnosis and management of behavioral and mental health issues in primary care settings, access to care for underserved populations, shared decision-making for medication decisions
- Holly Barnard, PhD, Assistant Professor
- Research Interests Social interactions of children with ASDs, the impact of hearing loss on cognitive functioning and the role of environmental risk factors (e.g., maternal cotinine levels) on the manifestation of executive dysfunction.
- Aimee Duncan, PhD, Assistant Professor
- Research Interests Identifying factors that may promote or impede an optimal outcome in adulthood for individuals with ASD, interventions to increase daily living skills and overall independence in adolescents with ASD
- Karen Edwards, MD, MPH, Associate Professor
- Leadership LEND Program Director/UCEDD Director
- Research Interests Leadership training; developmental disabilities in childhood; early identification of developmental disabilities
- Jennifer Ehrhardt, MD, Assistant Professor
- Research Interests Children in foster care who are at risk for developmental delay, timely access to intervention for young children with delays
- Anna Esbensen, PhD, Assistant Professor
- Research Interests Lifespan development and health care of individuals with Down Syndrome, with a specific focus on behavioral outcomes, mental health of individuals with intellectual disability, Down Syndrome research registry collaborating across Ohio.
- Tanya Froehlich, MD, Assistant Professor
- Research Interests ADHD; Health Care Disparities, genetic and phenotypic predictors of ADHD medication response, contributions of environmental exposures to etiology of ADHD.
- Richard Gilman, PhD, Associate Professor
- Leadership Coordinator, DDBP Psychology and Special Education Services
- Research Interests Social relationships of children diagnosed with various disabilities; Therapeutic change mechanisms; Sleep and ADHD; Perfectionism
- Kimberly Kroeger-Goeppinger, PhD, Assistant Professor
- Research Interests Autism interventions, including early intensive behavioral intervention; group interventions; social skills training
- Lisa Kuan, MD, Assistant Professor
- Research Interests Academic readiness in young children with cochlear implants, stability of autism spectrum disorder from very early childhood
- Patricia Logan, PhD, Assistant Professor
- Research Interests Learning disabilities, learning associated with congenital heart disorders
- Karen Mason, MD, Assistant Professor
- Leadership Director of Residency Rotation
- Research Interests Training residents in developmental and behavioral conditions
- Donna Murray, PhD, Associate Professor
- Leadership Director of Treatment, Kelly O'Leary Center for Autism Spectrum Disorders; Clinical Director, Division of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics
- Research Interests Face/Name recognition in children with ASD, joint attention and language in children with ASD
- Roz Parrish, MSN *, Assistant Professor
- Research Interests Interdisciplinary Training (*Deceased)
- Jannel Phillips, PhD, Assistant Professor
- Research Interests Academic readiness in young children with cochlear implants, executive functioning in children with ventriculoperitoneal shunts.
- Ilka Riddle, PhD, Assistant Professor
- Research Interests Health disparities and health equity for individuals with disabilities; accessibility and inclusiveness of medical, health care and physical activity environments; health care transition of youth with special health care needs.
- David Schor, MD, Associate Professor
- Research Interests Public health and policy, Rubinstein Taybi Syndrome
- Rebecca Shaffer, PhD, Assistant Professor
- Harriet Valentin, MD, Assistant Professor
- Research Interests Autism Spectrum Disorder
- Pam Williams-Arya, MD, Assistant Professor
- Research Interests The impact of sleep on behavior in teens
- Michelle Zimmer, MD, Assistant Professor
- Research Interests Utility of holistic therapies in promoting health and wellness among children with disability
Clinical Staff Members
- Robin Adams, PhD
- Terry Barnes, RN, BSN
- Jennifer Bass, PsyD
- Jennifer Bekins, MS,CCC-SLP
- Christena Benson, RN,MPH
- Beth Bishop, OTR/L
- Carissa Blatz, BA
- Emily Boehmler, BA
- Annette Bonjour, BS, CCLS
- Jennifer Brown, PhD, CCC-SLP
- Karen Burkett, RN, MS, CNP
- Meredith Burt, MS, CCC-SLP
- Jenny Burton, MEd, CCC-SLP
- Gretchen Carroll, MA
- Deb Case EdD,
- Cliff Copeland, MSW, LISW-S
- Kristn Currans, PsyD
- Patricia Curry, RN, MS, CNP
- Kerry Dalton, RA
- Brenda Diver, RN
- Jamie Donovan, OTR/L, MOT
- Mattie Dunn, AA
- Patricia Eiler-Sims, PsyD
- Anna Esbensen, PhD
- Melissa Foti-Hoff, PsyD
- Katie Frank, MHS, OTR/L
- Bridget Fredstrom, MA
- Jane Gaspar, MEd
- Jennifer Gastright, BS
- Marta Getz, MSW, LISW
- Carol Grasha, MA, CCC-SLP
- Sarah Greenwell, PhD
- Sandra Grether, PhD, CCC-SLP
- Andrea Hansen, MA, CCC-SLP
- Mary Harrah, RN, BSN, CPN
- Sarah Hayes, BA
- Tara Heinl, MSW
- Amy Hersh, MA, CCC-SLP
- Julie Hibner, MA, CCC-SLP
- Victoria Hickey, RN, MS
- Caryn Hogan, RN, MN
- Amy Johnson, OTR/L
- Heather Johnson, PsyD
- Peter Keiser, MSW, LISW
- Bridget Kent, MA, CCC-SLP
- Marc Kepner, PsyD
- Kathy Krebs, OTR/L
- Marcia Lamkin, RN
- Peggy Landwehr, RN
- Latoya Lemley, AA
- Mike Lind, PhD
- Cynthia Longmire, HUC
- Patty Loretto, RN
- Ryan Macks, PhD
- Molly Markley, RN, BSN
- Stacy Masterson, MEd
- Heather Matheson, BA
- Susan McGee, RN, MSN, CNP
- Teri Messerschmidt, MA, CCC-SLP
- Joe Milling, BS
- Terry Mitchell, CCRP
- Robert Moody, MA
- Michelle Moore, DBMMA
- Ashley Morris, PCA
- Stacey Morrison, PsyD
- Elizabeth Mulvihill, RN
- Lindsey Murphy, BS, CCLS
- Shelley Myers, MS, CCC-SLP
- David Neises, MEd, OTR/L, ATP
- Patty Norton, RN
- Andrea O'Brien, PhD, MSW
- Lucy Paredes, RN, BSN
- Julie Perron, BA
- Chandra Pester, RN, MSN, CNS
- Jannel Phillips, PhD
- Mindy Reagan, RD, LD
- Judy Reinhold, RN, MSN, CNP
- Kimberly Reizner, PT, DPT
- Mary Faith Roell, MS
- Christina Rogers, MA, CCC-SLP
- Kathy Rosing, RN
- Kimberly Rotundo, MEd
- Julia Schott, DBMMA
- Tracy Shook, RN, BSN
- David Smith, PhD
- Kristen Smith, MA, CCC-SLP
- Rena Sorensen, PhD
- Meghan Stahlhut, MS, CCC-SLP
- Christina Stover, MA, CCC-SLP
- Rebecca Taylor, RN, MSN, CNP
- Laura Thielman, BA
- Katherine Thoman, RN, MSN, CNP
- Carrie Thomas, BS
- Kelly Twehues, MA, CCC-SLP
- Sarah Tyo, BA
- Megan Vincent, BA
- Stephanie Weber, PsyD
- Jack Williams, BA
- Ann Wilmers, RN
- Joseph Amaral, Jr., PhD
- Brent Anderson, PsyD
- Debra (Katie) Bentley, BS, Eastern KY University
- Beth Bishop, MOT
- Sara Bitter, JD, Case Wester U School Law
- Stephanie Bowman, BS, University of Cincinnati
- Deborah Boyd, MD, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center
- Ashley Brazil, BS, Univeristy of California, Davis
- Jonathan Castillo, MD, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center
- Vilawan Chirdkiatgumchai, MD, Mahidol University
- Alyson Dempsey, BA, University of Cincinnati
- Alison Downes, MD, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center
- Julie Dunford, BS, University of Cincinnati
- Nicole Dupont, MA, University of Cincinnati
- Amanda Fowler, DPT
- Stephanie Ghantous, EdS, University of Cincinnati
- Amy Gladstone, MS, Michigan State University
- Thomas (Zach) Goble, PhD, University of Kentucky
- Alana Goldstein, PsyD
- Lyndsie Hall, PhD, Youngstown State
- Sarah Hayes, EdS, Xavier University
- Allison Heinekamp, MOT, Xavier University
- Danielle Henderson, PhD
- Lauren Holleb, PsyD
- Rebekah Hudock, PhD
- Emily Johnson, PsyD
- Christine Karver, PhD
- David Kelly, PsyD, Xavier University
- Wallace Larkin, PhD, University of Cincinnati
- Lindsay Mays, PhD, Palo Alto University
- Margaret McKnight, EdS, Ohio University
- Erika Mellot, PsyD
- Hilary Meyer, BS
- Allison Moffett, MSW, Indiana University
- Dora Murphy-Courter, AuD, University of Cincinnati
- Ashley Murray, PsyD
- Shannon O'Connor, BA
- Dolores Pfeiffer, BS
- Kathryn (Katie) Quaintance, BA, Miami University
- Verity Rodrigues, PhD
- Emily Schreiber, PsyD
- Lauren Sheppard, BS
- Ashley Shier, PhD, University of Cincinnati
- Allison Stepp, MA, Ball State University
- Christine Tan, EdD, University of New Haven
- Stephanie Weber, PsyD
- Alyssa Wendling, BA
- Tanishia Williams, MD
- Pam Williams-Arya, MD, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center
- Division of Biostatistics and Epidemiology » Jareen Meinzen-Derr, PhD
- DDBP is collaborating with Dr. Meinzen-Derr in the Division of Biostatistics and Epidemiology on the HRSA-funded study "Cognition and Language in Deaf and Hard of Hearing Children." This work has been instrumental in illustrating the functional impact of language-cognitive gap in children who are deaf and hard of hearing.
- Division of Child Psychiatry » Craig Erickson, MD
- DDBP and Child Psychiatry have begun a fruitful collaboration around the treatment and research of individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Dr. Craig Erickson, recruited by Child Psychiatry, has a practice and research focus on autism spectrum disorders, and Fragile X Syndrome. His clinical work and research is housed in DDBP, which has fostered an interdisciplinary approach both in clinical treatment and in conducting research protocols. Drs. Manning and Erickson are Co-PIs on the Autism Speaks Autism Treatment Network, and further collaboration to expand treatment options for children with ASD is planned.
- Division of Cardiology » Brad Marino, MD
- DDBP has collaborated with The Heart Institute to staff and support the Neurodevelopmental Clinic, following children with congenital heart disease for common neurodevelopmental complications. Physicians, psychologists and special educators have been embedded in the clinic, which serves a growing population of children with CHD and co-morbid developmental concerns.
Grants, Contracts, and Industry Agreements
Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics Grants
|Grant and Contract Awards||Annual Direct|
|Evaluating the Time-Dependent Unfolding of Social Interactions in Children with Autism|
|R21 MH 094659||08/06/12-05/31/14||$80,765|
|Training Outpatient Clinicians to Delivery Cognitive Behavior Therapy to Children|
|R33 MH 089291||08/01/12-06/30/14||$10,458|
|Leadership Education in Neurodevelopmental and Other Related Disabilities (LEND) Training Program|
|University Centers for Excellence in Developmental Disabilities|
|Medication Response in Children with Predominantly Inattentive Type ADHD|
|K23 MH 083881||06/04/09-01/31/14||$152,755|
|Using SNA to Examine the Long-Term Outcomes of Socially Excluded Adolescents|
|R21 HD 068315||04/01/12-03/31/14||$155,891|
|Autism Intervention Research Network|
|UA3 MC 1105||09/01/11-08/31/14||$48,885|
|Autism Treatment Network|
|Improving the Health of People with Disabilities through State Based Public Health Programs|
|U59 DD 00931||07/01/12-06/30/15||$35,711|
|National Spina Bifida Registry Longitudinal Data Collection and Evaluation|
|U01 DD 000766||09/30/11-06/29/14||$63,636|
|Extracting EHR Data on Use of Psychotropic Medications in DBPNet|
|Newborn Screening & Intervention Programs|
|Current Year Direct||$1,694,812|