Orthopaedics

Division Details

Division Data Summary

Research and Training Details

Number of Faculty15
Number of Research Fellows1
Number of Research Students10
Number of Support Personnel10
Direct Annual Grant Support$105,109
Direct Annual Industry Support$289,201
Peer Reviewed Publications38

Clinical Activities and Training

Number of Clinical Staff7
Number of Clinical Fellows3
Inpatient Encounters1,049
Outpatient Encounters4,1024

Division Photo

Orthopaedics

Row 1: P Sturm, J Denning, R Cornwall, S Chandran, K Little, J Sorger

Row 2: D Bylski-Austrow, S Parikh, E Wall, J Tamai, A Crawford, J McCarthy

Significant Accomplishments

Significant Accomplishments

HemiBridge Spine Clip Advances in Clinical Trials

The HemiBridgeTM System has passed a Phase I clinical safety trial, with the device showing immediate post-operative decreases in curvature.  Of the six individuals enrolled in the study, four patients have completed one-year follow-up visits, with early indications of positive performance results. In all six patients, spine deformities are either stable or improved. In one case, a curve correction of 70 percent occurred in one year, with indications of vertebral growth modification and disc height maintenance.

In the US, the FDA has approved a Humanitarian Use Device (HUD) designation for the HemiBridge System. The protocol for a Phase II trial also has been approved. In Europe, the device already has a CE Mark, giving it regulatory clearance to market. Four additional clinical trial sites, two each in England and Germany, have been prepared for a limited and strategic market release. Korean patents were approved.

Results of device effects on spine biomechanics in an in vitro model have been accepted for publication in the journal Spine. A second set of biomechanical tests is in analysis. Computational model growth modification results were presented at the Orthopaedic Research Society. Clinical safety trial results were presented at meetings of the Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America and the International Congress on Early Onset Scoliosis. An Instructional Course was presented at the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.

PRECICE Device Revolutionizes Limb Lengthening Treatment

The PRECICE ™ device is a remote-controlled, magnetic intramedullary nail that can lengthen leg bones without the need for an external device or fixator.  This device is recommended for children whose legs have grown to be different lengths.  James McCarthy, MD, is piloting this new FDA-approved device in a multi-center study to evaluate its safety and effectiveness in children.  So far, the device has been successfully implanted in two patients.

Brachial Plexus Research Coming to Fruition

Roger Cornwall, MD, has received a three-year Career Development Grant from the Orthopaedic Research and Education Foundation (OREF) to pursue a study The entitled “The Role of Muscle Satellite Cells in Contracture Formation Following Neonatal Brachial Plexus Injury.” Cornwall also received the J. Leonard Goldner Pioneer Research Award, which is given to the top research grant application submitted to the American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Cornwall’s study is entitled “Afferent Denervation and Contractures Following Neonatal Brachial Plexus Injury.”

Pediatric Sports Injuries on the Decline

Shital Parikh, MD, presented a study entitled “The Trend of Pediatric Sports and Recreational Injuries in the U.S. in the Last Decade” at the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Annual Meeting. Results also were highlighted on CNN.com and several local media outlets. The study found that, contrary to popular opinion, the number of sports injuries has decreased in the past decade.  Parikh says the reduction could be caused by a decrease in physical activity among children along with the positive effects of preventive programs and continuing education about sports injury.

Division Publications

Orthopaedics Publications

  1. Abbasi D, May MM, Wall EJ, Chan G, Parikh SN. MRI findings in adolescent patients with acute traumatic knee hemarthrosis. J Pediatr Orthop. 2012; 32:760-4.
  2. Bylski-Austrow DI, Glos DL, Sauser FE, Jain VV, Wall EJ, Crawford AH. In vivo dynamic compressive stresses in the disc annulus: a pilot study of bilateral differences due to hemiepiphyseal implant in a quadruped model. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2012; 37:E949-56.
  3. Cates RA, Mehlman CT. Growth arrest of the capitellar physis after displaced lateral condyle fractures in children. J Pediatr Orthop. 2012; 32:e57-62.
  4. Corona J, Miller DJ, Downs J, Akbarnia BA, Betz RR, Blakemore LC, Campbell RM, Flynn JM, Johnston CE, McCarthy RE, Roye DP, Skaggs DL, Smith JT, Snyder BD, Sponseller PD, Sturm PF, Thompson GH, Yazici M, Vitale MG. Evaluating the extent of clinical uncertainty among treatment options for patients with early-onset scoliosis. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2013; 95:e671-10.
  5. Crawford AH, Lykissas MG, Gao X, Eismann E, Anadio J. All-Pedicle Screw Versus Hybrid Instrumentation in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Surgery: A Comparative Radiographical Study With a Minimum 2-Year Follow-up. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2013; 38:1199-208.
  6. Crawford AH, Lykissas MG, Schorry EK, Gaines S, Jain V, Greggi T, Viskochil D. Neurofibromatosis: etiology, commonly encountered spinal deformities, common complications and pitfalls of surgical treatment. Spine Deformity. 2012; .
  7. Daugherty MC, Mehlman CT, Moody S, LeMaster T, Falcone RA, Jr.. Significant rate of misuse of the hare traction splint for children with femoral shaft fractures. J Emerg Nurs. 2013; 39:97-103.
  8. Desai RR, Parikh SN. Bilateral tibial tubercle sleeve fractures in a skeletally immature patient. Case Rep Orthop. 2013; 2013:969405.
  9. Fletcher ND, McClung A, Rathjen KE, Denning JR, Browne R, Johnston CE, 3rd. Serial casting as a delay tactic in the treatment of moderate-to-severe early-onset scoliosis. J Pediatr Orthop. 2012; 32:664-71.
  10. Klein G, Hussain N, Sprague S, Mehlman CT, Dogbey G, Bhandari M. Characteristics of highly successful orthopedic surgeons: a survey of orthopedic chairs and editors. Can J Surg. 2013; 56:192-8.
  11. Kovacs CJ, Paterno MV, Chandran S. Hip pain in a young athlete. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2013; 43:106.
  12. Laor T, Zbojniewicz AM, Eismann EA, Wall EJ. Juvenile osteochondritis dissecans: is it a growth disturbance of the secondary physis of the epiphysis?. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2012; 199:1121-8.
  13. Lykissas MG, Crawford AH, Shufflebarger HL, Gaines S, Permal V. Correction of spine deformity in patients with melnick-needles syndrome: report of 2 cases and literature review. J Pediatr Orthop. 2013; 33:170-4.
  14. Lykissas MG, Jain VV, Nathan ST, Pawar V, Eismann EA, Sturm PF, Crawford AH. Mid- to long-term outcomes in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis after instrumented posterior spinal fusion: a meta-analysis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2013; 38:E113-9.
  15. McCarthy JJ, Iobst CA, Rozbruch SR, Sabharwal S, Eismann EA. Limb Lengthening and Reconstruction Society AIM index reliably assesses lower limb deformity. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2013; 471:621-7.
  16. Mehlman CT, Howard AW. Medial epicondyle fractures in children: clinical decision making in the face of uncertainty. J Pediatr Orthop. 2012; 32 Suppl 2:S135-42.
  17. Nathan ST, Mangano FT, Crawford AH. Spondyloptosis of the Cervical Spine in a Patient with Neurofibromatosis Type 1A Case Report and Review of the Literature. The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery Case Connector. 2013; 3:e5 1-7.
  18. Nathan ST, Parikh SN. Genu recurvatum after tibial tuberosity fracture. Case Rep Orthop. 2013; 2013:952978.
  19. Newton PO, Marks MC, Bastrom TP, Betz R, Clements D, Lonner B, Crawford A, Shufflebarger H, O'Brien M, Yaszay B, Harms Study G. Surgical treatment of Lenke 1 main thoracic idiopathic scoliosis: results of a prospective, multicenter study. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2013; 38:328-38.
  20. Nguyen NA, Klein G, Dogbey G, McCourt JB, Mehlman CT. Operative versus nonoperative treatments for Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease: a meta-analysis. J Pediatr Orthop. 2012; 32:697-705.
  21. Okike K, Kocher MS, Nwachukwu BU, Mehlman CT, Heckman JD, Bhandari M. The fate of manuscripts rejected by The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery (American Volume). J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2012; 94:e130.
  22. Okike K, Liu B, Lin YB, Torpey JL, Kocher MS, Mehlman CT, Bhandari M, Biermann JS. The orthopedic gender gap: trends in authorship and editorial board representation over the past 4 decades. Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 2012; 41:304-10.
  23. Parikh SN, Allen M, Wall EJ, May MM, Laor T, Zbojniewicz AM, Eismann EA, Myer GD. The reliability to determine "healing" in osteochondritis dissecans from radiographic assessment. J Pediatr Orthop. 2012; 32:e35-9.
  24. Parikh SN, Bansal D. Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus as a Cause of a Quadriceps Tendon Tear. Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 2013; 42:227-9.
  25. Parikh SN, Jain VV, Denning J, Tamai J, Mehlman CT, McCarthy JJ, Wall EJ, Crawford AH. Complications of elastic stable intramedullary nailing in pediatric fracture management: AAOS exhibit selection. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2012; 94:e184.
  26. Parikh SN, Jain VV, Youngquist J. Intrafocal pinning for distal radius metaphyseal fractures in children. Orthopedics. 2013; 36:783-8.
  27. Parikh SN, Nathan ST, Wall EJ, Eismann EA. Complications of medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction in young patients. Am J Sports Med. 2013; 41:1030-8.
  28. Parikh SN, Schuppner PW. Arthroscopic posterior capsulolabral repair in a beach-chair position. Orthopedics. 2013; 36:270-4.
  29. Park DK, Braaksma B, Hammerberg KW, Sturm P. The efficacy of preoperative halo-gravity traction in pediatric spinal deformity the effect of traction duration. J Spinal Disord Tech. 2013; 26:146-54.
  30. Powell AJ, Hussain N, Little KJ, Kendrick B, Pailthorpe C, Powell-Smith E. Re: BJL Kendrick, CA Pailthorpe, E Powell-Smith. Iatrogenic ulna fracture following Kirschner wire fixation of a distal radius fracture in a 98-year-old lady. J Hand Surg Eur. 2012, 37: 579-81. J Hand Surg Eur Vol. 2013; 38:93.
  31. Ravish M, Muldowney B, Becker A, Hetzel S, McCarthy JJ, Nemeth BA, Noonan KJ. Pain management in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis undergoing posterior spinal fusion: combined intrathecal morphine and continuous epidural versus PCA. J Pediatr Orthop. 2012; 32:799-804.
  32. Reading BD, Laor T, Salisbury SR, Lippert WC, Cornwall R. Quantification of humeral head deformity following neonatal brachial plexus palsy. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2012; 94:e136(1-8).
  33. Serhan H, Mhatre D, Newton P, Giorgio P, Sturm P. Would CoCr rods provide better correctional forces than stainless steel or titanium for rigid scoliosis curves?. J Spinal Disord Tech. 2013; 26:E70-4.
  34. Smith JS, Kasliwal MK, Crawford A, Shaffrey CI. Outcomes, expectations, and complications overview for the surgical treatment of adult and pediatric spinal deformity. Spine Deformity. 2012; .
  35. Stevenson DA, Little D, Armstrong L, Crawford AH, Eastwood D, Friedman JM, Greggi T, Gutierrez G, Hunter-Schaedle K, Kendler DL, Kolanczyk M, Monsell F, Oetgen M, Richards BS, Schindeler A, Schorry EK, Wilkes D, Viskochil DH, Yang FC, Elefteriou F. Approaches to treating NF1 tibial pseudarthrosis: consensus from the Children's Tumor Foundation NF1 Bone Abnormalities Consortium. J Pediatr Orthop. 2013; 33:269-75.
  36. Thawrani D, Agabegi SS, Eismann E, Martin R, Sturm PF. Accuracy and Reliability of Drawing Central Sacral Vertical Line on Scoliosis Radiographs in Clinical Practice. Spine Deformity. 2013; 1:16-20.
  37. Weekley H, Nikolaou S, Hu L, Eismann E, Wylie C, Cornwall R. The effects of denervation, reinnervation, and muscle imbalance on functional muscle length and elbow flexion contracture following neonatal brachial plexus injury. J Orthop Res. 2012; 30:1335-42.
  38. Wind MA, Jr., Swank ML, Sorger JI. Short-term results of a custom triflange acetabular component for massive acetabular bone loss in revision THA. Orthopedics. 2013; 36:e260-5.

Faculty, Staff, and Trainees

Faculty Members

James McCarthy, MD, Professor
Leadership Director, Pediatric Orthopaedic Surgery
Steven Agabegi, MD, Assistant Professor
Research Interests Scoliosis natural history
Donita Bylski-Austrow, PhD, Associate Professor
Leadership Director of Biomechanics Research
Research Interests Spine Biomechanics
Sheila Chandran, MD, Assistant Professor
Roger Cornwall, MD, Assistant Professor
Leadership Clinical Director; Co-Director, The Hand and Upper Extremity Center
Research Interests Hand and Upper Extremity
Alvin Crawford, MD, Professor
Leadership Co-Director, Spine Center and Fellowship Program
Research Interests Scoliosis and Neurofibromatosis
Chitra Dahia, PhD, Instructor
Viral Jain, MD, Assistant Professor
Research Interests Scoliosis
Kevin Little, MD, Assistant Professor
Research Interests Hand and Upper Extremity
Charles Mehlman, DO, MPH, Associate Professor
Leadership Director, Musculoskeletal Outcomes Research, Pediatric Orthopaedic Resident Education, Brachial Plexus and Co-Director of the Limb Reconstruction Center
Research Interests Spine Bracing and Evidence-Based Medicine
Shital Parikh, MD, Assistant Professor
Research Interests Sports Medicine
Jaime Rice-Denning, MD, Assistant Professor
Joel Sorger, MD, Assistant Professor
Research Interests Musculoskeletal Oncology
Peter Sturm, MD, Professor
Leadership Co-Director, The Crawford Spine Center; Director, Spine Fellowship Program
Junichi Tamai, MD, Assistant Professor
Leadership Director, Physician Assistant Program
Research Interests Process Improvement
Eric Wall, MD, Professor
Leadership Director, Orthopaedic Research Program; Director, Sports Medicine Program; Director, Pediatric Orthopaedic Fellowship Program

Clinical Staff Members

  • Lance Bolin, PA-C, Lead Physician Assistant
  • Michael Hood, PA-C
  • Hillary McClung, PA-C
  • Hilliary McCourt, PA-C
  • Sarah Ogle, PA-C
  • Mary Pam Pfiester, PA-C
  • Stephanie Pinkstock, PA-C
  • Adriana Reinersman, PA-C

Trainees

  • David Abbasi, MD, PGY4, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH
  • Antulio Aroche, DO, PGY4, Ingham Regional Medical Center, Lansing, MI
  • Darren Barton, DO, PGY1, Wellmont Holsten Valley Medical Center, TN
  • Nicolas Bonnaig, MD, PGY4, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH
  • Kyle Boren, DO, PGY1, Wellmont Holsten Valley Medical Center, TN
  • Joseph Borruso, DO, PGY3, Millcreek Community Hospital, Erie, PA
  • William Browning, DO, PGY3, Millcreek Community Hospital, Erie, PA
  • Leroy Butler, DO, PGY1, Wellmont Holsten Valley Medical Center, TN
  • Imran Choudry, MD, PGY4, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH
  • Andrew Cordaile, DO, PGY4, Peninsula Hospital Center, Far Rockaway, NY
  • Geoffrey Cornelsen, DO, PGY3, Millcreek Community Hospital, Erie, PA
  • Matthew Elliott, DO, PGY3, Henry Ford Hospital Systems, Warren, MI
  • Brian Grawe, MD, PGY4, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH
  • Nina Gray, MD, PGY2, Bethesda North Family Practice, Cincinnati, OH
  • Kanwarpaul Grewal, DO, PGY4, Peninsula Hospital Center, Far Rockaway, NY
  • Jacob Gunzenhaeuser, MD, PGY2, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH
  • Ryan Heuter, MD, PGY2, Bethesda North Family Practice, Cincinnati, OH
  • Kory Johnson, DO, PGY3, Metro Health Hospital, Wyoming, MI
  • Namdar Kazemi, MD, PGY2, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH
  • Kyle LeGrand, DO, PGY2, Bethesda North Family Practice, Cincinnati, OH
  • Mark Lembach, MD, PGY4, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH
  • Daniel Lukes, DO, PGY3, Millcreek Community Hospital, Erie, PA
  • Antonio Manocchio, DO, PGY1, Grandview Medical Center, Dayton, OH
  • Melissa Martinek, MD, PGY4, University Hospitals, Richmond, OH
  • Molly McGraw, DO, PGY1, Grandview Medical Center, Dayton, OH
  • Andrew Millis, MD, PGY2, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH
  • Natasha Moore, DO, PGY2, Bethesda North Family Practice, Cincinnati, OH
  • Chris Moros, DO, PGY4, Peninsula Hospital Center, Far Rockaway, NY
  • Benjamin Newton, DO, PGY2, Bethesda North Family Practice, Cincinnati, OH
  • Marios-Nikolaos Lykissas, MD, PGY5, Residency University of Ioannina, Ioannina, Greece
  • Joel Post, DO, PGY4, Ingham Regional Medical Center, Lansing, MI
  • Chris Rierson, DO, PGY4, Ingham Regional Medical Center, Lansing, MI
  • Craig Roberto, DO, PGY4, Peninsula Hospital Center, Far Rockaway, NY
  • Warren Rogers, DO, PGY4, Millcreek Community Hospital, Erie, PA
  • Senthil Nathan Sambandam, MBBS, MS, MD, PGY7, Fellowship, Trauma, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY
  • Katherine Schroeder, MD, PGY2, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH
  • Sergey Sheleg, MD, PGY2, Bethesda North Family Practice, Cincinnati, OH
  • Ashley Simela, DO, PGY4, University Hospitals, Richmond, OH
  • Kyle Stephens, DO, PGY3, Henry Ford Hospital Systems, Warren, MI
  • Benjamin Szerlip, DO, PGY3, University Hospitals, Richmond, OH
  • Andrew Terlecky, DO, PGY1, Grandview Medical Center, Dayton, OH
  • Dinesh Thawrani, MBBS, DMB, MD, PGY7, MGM Medical College, Indore, India
  • Joseph Weinstein, DO, PGY4, Peninsula Hospital Center, Far Rockaway, NY
  • Shawn Yang, MD, PGY2, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH
  • Steve Zitelli, DO, PGY2, Bethesda North Family Practice, Cincinnati, OH

Grants, Contracts, and Industry Agreements

Orthopaedics Grants

Grant and Contract AwardsAnnual Direct

Crawford, A

Genetic Evaluation for the Scoliosis Gene(s) in Patients
W81XWH-10-1-046908/01/10-08/31/13$7,692

Dahia, C

Control of Intervertebral Disc Growth and Development
07/01/11-06/30/14$60,000

Mehlman, C

Bracing in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis
R01 AR 05211309/01/12-08/31/15$3,093

Sturm, P

OREF Fellowship Grant in Spine Care
08/01/12-07/31/13$34,324
Current Year Direct$105,109
Industry Contracts

McCarthy, J

$7,835

Wall, E

$281,366
Current Year Direct Receipts$289,201
Total$394,310