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Females with histories of childhood abuse report rates of subsequent sexual or physical victimization at three to five times higher than their nonabused peers. Depression, dissociation, substance and alcohol use, attachment disruptions and other psychosocial problems resulting from early childhood trauma may impair judgment, foster dysfunctional romantic relationships or cause victims to remain in abusive relationships that continue the cycle of violence.
Moreover, emerging theory suggests that global disruptions of regulatory processes (characterized by the aggregate of impaired executive cognitive capacity, emotional volatility, behavioral under-control and even physiological dysregulation) might be mechanistic of further victimization. Our lab has studied the revictimization rates of females with histories of substantiated sexual abuse and has found that victims experience inordinate rates of sexual revictimization, physical revictimization and self-harm (including cutting and suicide attempts).
Our most recent research investigates the risk for internet-initiated victimization for victims of childhood abuse. Through a medium that has proliferated to nearly every US household, a significant portion of teens are at risk for compromised internet safety and internet-initiated victimization. Our research has shown that some adolescents may be at particular risk for compromised internet safety. Sexually abused adolescent females express a propensity toward pornography consumption, adopt provocative online self-presentations, encounter online sexual advances, agree to offline meetings, engage in risky sexual behaviors and experience sexual revictimization more often than their nonabused peers.
Together with Jaclyn Barnes, MA, our team has also developed and validated the Comprehensive Trauma Inventory (CTI) to collect subjects’ traumatic life histories. The CTI was developed as a semi-structured interview to elicit factual information about, and the subject’s subsequent responses to, traumatic or upsetting life events. The CTI is based on similar interviews but is greatly expanded with respect to the assessment of details of traumatic experiences, the ability to place traumatic experiences in developmental context and the inclusion of a subjective distress rating.
Learn more about the CTI.
Noll, JG, Shenk, CE, Barnes, JE , Haralson, KJ.Association of Maltreatment with High Risk Internet Behaviors and Offline Encounters. Pediatrics (In Press) 2013 Jan 14. [Epub ahead of print]
Noll, JG & Grych, J. Read-React-Respond: an interactive model for understanding sexual revictimization. Journal of Violence and Trauma 2011; 1(3): 202-215. PMCID: PMC Journal – In Process
Barnes JE, Noll JG, Putnam FW, Trickett PK. Sexual and physical revictimization among victims of severe childhood sexual abuse. Child Abuse & Neglect. 33(7): 412-20. 2009.
Shenk CE, Noll JG, Cassarly JA. A multiple mediational test of the relationship between childhood maltreatment and non-suicidal self-injury. Journal of Youth and Adolescence. 1-8. 2009.
Noll JG,Shenk CE, Barnes JE, Putnam FW. Childhood abuse, avatar choices, and other risk factors associated with Internet-initiated victimization for adolescent females. Pediatrics. 123(6): e1078-83. 2009.
Noll JG. Does childhood sexual abuse set in motion a cycle of violence against women? what we know and what we need to learn. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. 20(1):455-462. 2004.
Noll JG, Horowitz LA, Bonanno GA, Trickett PK, Putnam FW. Revictimization and self-harm in females who experienced childhood sexual abuse: results from a prospective study. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. 18(12):1452-71. 2003.
Abused and non-abused females’ high-risk online behaviors: Impact on developmentPrincipal Investigator Noll: NIH/NICHD RO1Hd073130-012012-2017
20-year intergenerational longitudinal follow-up of females abused as children.Principal Investigator Noll: NIH/NICHD R03HD0606042010-2012
The Offspring of Maltreated Mothers: Prenatal and Infant Health.Principal Investigator Noll: NIH/NICHD K01 HD414022002-2007
Administration on Children, Youth, and Families (PI: P. Trickett) Sexual Abuse of Females: Effects in Young Adulthood.Co-Investigator (6.0 calendar months; PI: Trickett) ACYF; 90CA16862001-2004
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