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The primary interest of the Huang laboratory is to study the
molecular basis of genetic syndromes, to apply the discoveries from rare
diseases to common conditions and to develop treatments for genetic diseases.
Currently, we are focusing on the following areas:
1. The Genetic Basis of Optic Atrophy and the Potential of Inducible
Pluripotent Stem Cell (iPSC) therapy: We have worked with many families affected with
autosomal dominant inherited optic atrophy. A condition caused by mutations in
the OPA1 gene. OPA1 is encoded by the nuclear genome and functions in mitochondria. Using
electrophysiological analysis, we found that some mutations can also cause
hearing loss through asynchronous cochlear conduction and cochlear implant can
restore hearing. To study the function of OPA1 and the molecular mechanisms of optic atrophy, we created a drosophila model. We found that
mutations of Drosophila homolog of OPA1 (dOPA1) caused an increase in
reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and apoptosis. We also showed that antioxidants
could partially reverse the eye phenotype, further suggesting that ROS plays an
important role in cell death. Together, these results show that dOpa1 mutations cause cell loss by two
distinct pathogenic pathways. This study provides novel insights into the
pathogenesis of optic atrophy and demonstrates the promise of antioxidants as
therapeutic agents for this condition.
Recently, our lab is actively engaged in iPS cell therapy. We have successfully induced iPS cells
differentiation into retinal ganglion cells by chemical treatments and have
initiated the preclinical study.
of Mitochondrial Diseases: Mitochondria are the powerhouse of the cell. Over 90% of the
energy required by the cell is produced in the mitochondria. Our group also
works on the genetic causes of mitochondrial disorders. We have been using exome
sequencing, cell respiration assays, and mitochondrial functional assays to
study the pathogenesis of mitochondrial diseases for the patients with novel
3. Identification of the Disease-Causing Gene for Lenz
Microphthalmia Syndrome (LMS) Using
Next Generation Sequencing Technology: LMS is a rare
condition characterized by small eyes/no eye and multiple congenital anomalies
such as small brain and mental deficiency, abnormal ear, teeth, digits,
skeletal and/or genitourinary tract. In this study, we have used a very
powerful technology, next generation sequencing, to search for the
disease-causing gene in patients with LMS. Identification of disease-causing
genes associated with LMS has
significantly facilitated our understanding of this condition
and can translate into clinical applications.
Since LMS affects multiple organ systems, understanding the gene
associated with LMS may open a window for the investigation of other common
conditions and human development. Currently, we are using iPS cell model to
study pathogenesis and function of the disease-causing gene.
4. The Role of TBX3 in Breast Cancer Development and Human Embryonic Stem (hES) Cell Differentiation: TBX3 is a T-box
transcription factor. Mutations of TBX3 cause Ulnar-Mammary syndrome, characterized by hypoplasia or absence of the
mammary glands. Our laboratory is one of the first groups to show that
overexpression of TBX3 plays an important role in breast cancer. Our study showed
that TBX3 is overexpressed in primary breast cancer tissues. Mechanistically,
we found that TBX3 interacts with HDACs and inhibit downstream target gene
expression, such as p14ARF. In addition, we found that TBX3 regulates a large
group of genes in breast cancer. Our current research aims to optimize the
clinical relevance of this data working in parallel with animal and breast
cancer tissues. Recently, we have also found that TBX3 plays a very important
role in hES cell differentiation. This finding may further our understanding of
Fuyun Ji, Mark S. Sharpley,
Olga Derbenev, Leonardo Scherer Alves,
Pin Qian, Yaoli Wang,Dimitra Chalkiab, Maria Lvov, Jiancheng Xu, Wei
Yao, Mariella Simon, Julia Platt, Shiqin Xu, Alessia Angelinb, Antonio Davil,Taosheng Huang, Ping H. Wang,
Lee-Ming Chuang, Lorna G. Moore, Guisheng Qian, and Douglas C. Wallace. Mitochondrial DNA variant associated with Leber hereditary optic neuropathy and high-altitude Tibetans,
PNAS, 109(19):7391-6. 2012.
Chengkang Zhang, Vincent
H. Huang, Mariella Simon, Lokendra K. Sharma, Weiwei Fan, Richard Haas,
Douglas C. Wallace, Yidong Bai, Taosheng
Huang. Heteroplasmic Mutations of the Mitochondrial Genome Cause Paradox Effects on Mitochondrial Functions, FASEB Journal, in press. 2012.
Taraneh Esmailpour andTaosheng Huang.TBX3 promotes human embryonic stem cell proliferation and neuroectoderm
differentiation in a differentiation stage-dependent manner, Stem Cell, in
Shojaeian, Hung-Tat Leung, Karen Ocorr, Rolf
Bodmer, William L. Pak, Stephanie Tse, Phung Khanh Le, Kimberly Nguyen,Taosheng Huang.Heterozygous mutation of Drosophila Opa1 causes the
development of multiple organ abnormalities in an age-dependent and
organ-specific manner. PLoS One.
Taosheng Huang, Rosamaria Santarelli, Arnold Starr. Cochlear
potentials accompanying R445H mutation of OPA1 gene in patients with
both optic and auditory neuropathies, Brain Research;1300:97-104. 2009.
Will Yarosh, Jessica
Monserrate, James Jiayuan Tong, Diane Le, Kimberly
Nguyen, Carrie Brachmann Douglas Wallace, Taosheng Huang. The Molecular
Mechanisms of OPA1-Mediated Optic Atrophy in Drosophila Model and Prospects for Antioxidant Treatment. PLoS Genetics, 4(1):e6. Jan 2008.
Will Yarosh*, Tomasa Barrientos*,
Taraneh Esmailpour, Limin Lin, Philip M. Carpenter, Kathryn Osann, Hoda
Anton-Culver and Taosheng Huang. TBX3 is overexpressed in breast
cancer and represses p14ARF by interacting with HDACs. Cancer
Research, 68:693-699. 2008. *These authors contribute equally.
Tang, Stephanie Tse, Phung Khanh Le, Kimberly Nguyen, Douglas C. Wallace and Taosheng Huang. Heterozygous Mutation
of Opa1 in Drosophila Shorten Lifespan Mediated through Increased Reactive
Oxygen Species Production. PLoS One, 4(2):e4492. 2008.
Huang, MD, PhDProfessortaosheng.firstname.lastname@example.org
Min-Xin Guan, PhDAdjunct Professorminemail@example.comRonghua Li, PhDResearch
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