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Researchers with the Perinatal Institute at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center have expertise in the social sciences, public health, epidemiology, process and quality improvement, health care economics and advocacy policy, as well as the more traditional avenues of basic science, translational research and clinical trials. Insights from our research can be directly applied to the clinical challenges faced by infants during the perinatal period.
James M. Greenberg, MD Co-Director, Perinatal Institute
investigates the developmental biology of pulmonary vascular development, including how vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) mediates pulmonary vascular, lymphatic and airway development. He studies how VEGF mediates organization of pulmonary vasculature during late fetal life as well as how certain proteins implicated in axonal guidance during central nervous system development also direct developmental processes in the lung.
Co-Director, Perinatal Institute
Director, Division of Neonatology
Professor, UC Department of Pediatrics
Neonatal chronic lung disease; late preterm infant
MD: University of Illinois College of Medicine, Chicago, IL, 1977-1981.
Pediatric Internship and Residency: University of Minnesota Hospital and Clinic, Minneapolis, MN, 1981-1984. Chief Resident, Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota Hospital and Clinic, Minneapolis, MN, 1984.
Fellowship: Immunology/Neonatology, University of Minnesota Hospital and Clinic, Minneapolis, MN, 1985-1987; 1988-1989; visiting scientist, Medical Research Council Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Division of Protein and Nucleic Acid Chemistry, Cambridge, England.
Certification: American Board of Pediatrics, 1988; subspecialty board, Neonatal/Perinatal Medicine, 1989.
Binder S, Hill K, Meinzen-Derr J, Greenberg JM, Narendran V. Increasing VLBW Deliveries at Subspecialty Perinatal Centers via Perinatal Outreach. Pediatrics. 2011 Mar;127(3):487-93.
Kulkarni RM, Herman A, Ikegami M, Greenberg JM, Akeson AL. Lymphatic ontogeny and effect of hypoplasia in developing lung. Mech Dev. 2011 Jan-Feb;128(1-2):29-40.
Kulkarni RM, Greenberg JM, Akeson AL. NFATc1 regulates lymphatic endothelial development. Mech Dev. 2009 May-Jun;126(5-6):350-65.
Mallory BP, Mead TJ, Wiginton DA, Kulkarni RM, Greenberg JM, Akeson AL. Lymphangiogenesis in the developing lung promoted by VEGF-A. Microvasc Res. 2006 Jul-Sep;72(1-2):62-73.
Preciado DA, Rutter MJ, Greenberg JM, Bahado-Singh R, Lambers D, Willging JP. Intrapartum management of severe fetal airway obstruction. J Otolaryngol. 2004 Oct;33(5):283-8.
Akeson AL, Cameron JE, Le Cras TD, Whitsett JA, Greenberg JM. Vascular endothelial growth factor-A induces prenatal neovascularization and alters bronchial development in mice. Pediatr Res. 2005 Jan;57(1):82-8.
Greenberg JM, Thompson FY, Brooks SK, Shannon JM, Akeson AL. Slit and robo expression in the developing mouse lung. Dev Dyn. 2004 Jun;230(2):350-60.
Le Cras TD, Spitzmiller RE, Albertine KH, Greenberg JM, Whitsett JA, Akeson AL. VEGF causes pulmonary hemorrhage, hemosiderosis, and air space enlargement in neonatal mice. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2004 Jul;287(1):L134-42.
Akeson AL, Greenberg JM, Cameron JE, Thompson FY, Brooks SK, Wiginton D, Whitsett JA. Temporal and spatial regulation of VEGF-A controls vascular patterning in the embryonic lung. Dev Biol. 2003 Dec 15;264(2):443-55.
Greenberg JM, Thompson FY, Brooks SK, Shannon JM, McCormick-Shannon K, Cameron JE, Mallory BP, Akeson AL. Mesenchymal expression of vascular endothelial growth factors D and A defines vascular patterning in developing lung. Dev Dyn. 2002 Jun;224(2):144-53.
Louis J. Muglia, MD, PhD Co-Director, Perinatal Institute
Director, Center for Prevention of Preterm Birth
Visit the Muglia Lab.
Dr. Muglia has pioneered the in vivo analyses of regulation of the endocrine stress response and the molecular pathways leading to birth using novel genetically altered mutant mice. These studies have elucidated the importance of corticotropin-releasing hormone, glucocorticoids, and prostaglandins in neuroendocrine modulation, behavior, and perinatal adaptation. These studies have evolved over the last decade to specifically focus on the mechanisms controlling the timing for birth in humans using genetics and comparative genomics. The composition of the biological clock metering the duration of human gestation remains a central question in reproductive biology. The goal of the Muglia Laboratory is to understand the molecular timing machinery comprising this biological clock to prevent or better treat human preterm labor and delivery.
Among Dr. Muglia’s achievements are more than 180 publications and many awards, including a Burroughs Wellcome Fund Career Development Award in the biomedical sciences, the Society of Pediatric Research Young Investigator Award, and election to the American Society for Clinical Investigation and Association of American Physicians. In 2010, Dr. Muglia was elected to fellow in the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He is an active member of the Society for Pediatric Research, Society for Neuroscience, and the Lawson Wilkins Pediatric Endocrine Society. Dr. Muglia currently serves as chair of the Board of Scientific Counselors for the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development of the National Institutes of Health. In 2013, Dr. Muglia was elected to membership in the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies.
BS: University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, 1981.
PhD: University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, 1986.
MD: University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, 1988.
Plunkett J, Doniger S, Orabona G, Morgan T, Haataja R, Hallman M, Puttonen H, Menon R, Kuczynski E, Norwitz E, Victoria Snegovskikh V, Palotie A, Peltonen L, Fellman V, DeFranco EA, Chaudhari BP, McGregor TL, McElroy JJ, Oetjens MT, Teramo K, Boreck I, Fay J, Muglia L. An evolutionary genomic approach to identify genes involved in human birth timing. PLoS Genetics. 2011; 7: e1001365.
Muglia LJ, Katz M. The enigma of spontaneous preterm birth. N Engl J Med. 2010; 362: 529-535.
Kolber BJ, Boyle MP, Wieczorek L, Kelley CL, Kelley CL, Onwuzurike CC, Nettles SA, Vogt SK, Muglia LJ. Transient early-life forebrain corticotropin-releasing hormone elevation causes long-lasting anxiogenic and despair-like changes in mice. J Neurosci. 2010; 30: 2571-2581.
Plunkett J, Feitosa MF, Trusgnich M, Wangler MF, Palomar L, Kistka ZA-F, DeFranco EA, Shen TT, Stormo EAD, Puttonen H, Hallman M, Haataja R, Luukkonen A, Fellman V, Peltonen L, Palotie A, Daw EW, An P, Teramo K, Borecki I, Muglia LJ. Mother’s genome or maternally-inherited genes acting in the fetus influence gestational age in familial preterm birth. Human Heredity. 2009; 68: 209-219.
Kolber BJ, Roberts MS, Howell MP, Wozniak DF, Sands MS, Muglia LJ. Central amygdala glucocorticoid receptor action promotes fear-associated CRH activation and conditioning. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 2008; 105: 12004 - 12009.
Roizen J, Asada M, Tong M, Tai H-H, Muglia LJ. Preterm birth without progesterone withdrawal in 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase hypomorphic mice. Mol Endocrinol. 2008; 22: 105-112.
Kistka Z A-F, Palomar P, Lee KA, Boslaugh SE, Wangler MF, Cole FS, DeBaun MR, Muglia LJ. Racial disparity in the frequency of recurrence of preterm birth. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2007; 196: 131.e1-131.e6.
Bethin KE, Nagai Y, Sladek R, Asada M, Sadovsky Y, Hudson TJ, Muglia LJ. Microarray analysis of uterine gene expression in mouse and human pregnancy. Mol Endocrinol. 2003; 17: 1454-1469.
Gross G, Imamura T, Luedke C, Vogt SK, Olson LM, Nelson DM, Sadovsky Y, Muglia LJ. Opposing actions of prostaglandins and oxytocin determine the onset of murine labor. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 1998; 95: 11871-11875.
Muglia LJ, Jacobson L, Dikkes P, Majzoub JA. Corticotropin-releasing hormone deficiency reveals major fetal but not adult glucocorticoid need. Nature. 1995; 373:427-432.
Maternal Temperament, Stress, Inflammation and Preterm Birth. Multi-PI. NIH/NICHD. Sep 2013-Aug 2017.
March of Dimes Prematurity Research Center Ohio Collaborative. Coordinating PI. March of Dimes. Jul 2013-Jun 2018.
Jeffrey A. Whitsett, MD Co-Director, Perinatal Institute
Chief, Section of Neonatology, Perinatal and Pulmonary Biology
Cystic fibrosis research; lung morphogenesis; control of gene expression in the respiratory epithelium; gene delivery and therapy
Visit the Whitsett Lab.
Jeffrey A. Whitsett, MD, is chief of the Section of Neonatology, Perinatal and Pulmonary Biology at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center.
Dr. Whitsett received his medical degree from Columbia University, in New York, and has been a faculty member since 1977. He is internationally known for his research in pulmonary medicine, as well as for his clinical expertise in neonatology.
Dr. Whitsett has made a series of groundbreaking contributions in pulmonary medicine. His major pioneering work has been on surfactant proteins A, B, C and D, cloning their genes, and clarifying their roles in lung development.
Throughout his career, Dr. Whitsett has had the remarkable ability to move from molecular biology, to animal models, to diagnosis and therapy of human disease. He played a critical role in making surfactant protein replacement a routine tool for treating immature lungs and respiratory distress syndrome in premature infants. His laboratory has contributed to the identification of a number of genes critical for lung formation and function. Mutations in genes regulating surfactant homeostasis were shown to cause acute and chronic lung disease in infants and adults.
Dr. Whitsett is a member of the Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences and is the recipient of the Mead Johnson Award, a National Institutes of Health (NIH) Merit Award, the first Julius Comroe Lectureship in Pulmonary Research from FASEB, the William Cooper Procter Award from Cincinnati Children's, the Amberson Lecture Award of the American Thoracic Society, the prestigious Daniel Drake Medal for scientific contributions from the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, the International Arvo Ylppö Medal from the Finnish Foundation for Pediatric Research and the Grand Hamdan International Award on Neonatal Medicine from the United Arab Emirates.
Dr. Whitsett is the author of more than 400 papers in both the basic science and clinical literature.
MD: Columbia University, New York, NY, 1973.
Residency: Pediatrics, Mt. Sinai Hospital, New York City, 1974 to 1976.
Fellowship: Neonatology, Children's Hospital Medical Center, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, 1976 to 1977.
Sivaprasad U, Askew DJ, Ericksen MB, Gibson AM, Stier MT, Brandt EB, Bass SA, Daines MO, Chakir J, Stringer KF, Wert SE, Whitsett JA, Le Cras TD, Wills-Karp M, Silverman GA, Khurana Hershey GK. A nonredundant role for mouse Serpinb3a in the induction of mucus production in asthma. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2011 Jan;127(1):254-61, 261.e1-6.
Lin SC, Wani MA, Whitsett JA, Wells JM. Klf5 regulates lineage formation in the pre-implantation mouse embryo. Development.2010 Dec;137(23):3953-63.
Suzuki T, Sakagami T, Young LR, Carey BC, Wood RE, Luisetti M, Wert SE, Rubin BK, Kevill K, Chalk C, Whitsett JA, Stevens C, Nogee LM, Campo I, Trapnell BC. Hereditary pulmonary alveolar proteinosis: pathogenesis, presentation, diagnosis, and therapy. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2010 Nov 15;182(10):1292-304.
Wang IC, Zhang Y, Snyder J, Sutherland MJ, Burhans MS, Shannon JM, Park HJ, Whitsett JA, Kalinichenko VV. Increased expression of FoxM1 transcription factor in respiratory epithelium inhibits lung sacculation and causes Clara cell hyperplasia. Dev Biol. 2010 Nov 15;347(2):301-14.
Perl AK, Riethmacher D, Whitsett JA. Conditional Depletion of Airway Progenitor Cells Induces Peribronchiolar Fibrosis. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2010 Sep 24.
Tompkins DH, Besnard V, Lange AW, Keiser AR, Wert SE, Bruno MD, Whitsett JA. Sox2 Activates Cell Proliferation and Differentiation in the Respiratory Epithelium. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2010 Sep 20.
Meyer SE, Hasenstein JR, Baktula A, Velu CS, Xu Y, Wan H, Whitsett JA, Gilks CB, Grimes HL. Kruppel-like factor 5 is not required for K-RasG12D lung tumorigenesis, but represses ABCG2 expression and is associated with better disease-specific survival. Am J Pathol. 2010 Sep;177(3):1503-13.
Xu Y, Zhang M, Wang Y, Kadambi P, Dave V, Lu LJ, Whitsett JA. A systems approach to mapping transcriptional networks controlling surfactant homeostasis. BMC Genomics. 2010 Jul 26;11:451.
Sakagami T, Beck D, Uchida K, Suzuki T, Carey BC, Nakata K, Keller G, Wood RE, Wert SE, Ikegami M, Whitsett JA, Luisetti M, Davies S, Krischer JP, Brody A, Ryckman F, Trapnell BC. Patient-derived granulocyte/macrophage colony-stimulating factor autoantibodies reproduce pulmonary alveolar proteinosis in nonhuman primates. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2010 Jul 1;182(1):49-61.
Chen G, Wan H, Luo F, Zhang L, Xu Y, Lewkowich I, Wills-Karp M, Whitsett JA. Foxa2 programs Th2 cell-mediated innate immunity in the developing lung. J Immunol. 2010 Jun 1;184(11):6133-41.
Bruce J. Aronow, PhD Co-director, Computational Medicine Center
Co-director, Computational Medicine Center
Dr. Aronow works toward unraveling both the role and mechanism by which the functional capabilities of the human genome shape human health and our ability to adapt to stressful challenges. The Aronow lab focuses on collaborative research projects and the development of informatics systems that leverage multiple disciplines of knowledge, expertise and diverse data. The goal is to improve our collective ability to formulate high-impact inferences, hypotheses and next-stage experiments that could have the highest overall impact for biomedical research. The lab’s current research focus is to find or support efforts to solve problems relevant to genomic medicine by developing, both independently and collaboratively, new algorithms, tools and methodologies in translational bioinformatics.
BS: Chemistry, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, 1976.
PhD: Biochemistry, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, 1986.
Research Fellowship: Division of Basic Science Research, Cincinnati Children's Research Foundation, Cincinnati, OH, 1986-1989.
Hawrylycz M, Miller JA, Menon V, Feng D, Dolbeare T, Guillozet-Bongaarts AL, Jegga AG, Aronow BJ, Lee CK, Bernard A, Glasser MF, Dierker DL, Menche J, Szafer A, Collman F, Grange P, Berman KA, Mihalas S, Yao Z, Stewart L, Barabási AL, Schulkin J, Phillips J, Ng L, Dang C, Haynor DR, Jones A, Van Essen DC, Koch C, Lein E. Canonical genetic signatures of the adult human brain. Nat Neurosci. 2015 Dec;18(12):1832-44.
Adams AK, Bolanos LC, Dexheimer PJ, Karns RA, Aronow BJ, Komurov K, Jegga AG, Casper KA, Patil YJ, Wilson KM, Starczynowski DT, Wells SI. IRAK1 is a novel DEK transcriptional target and is essential for head and neck cancer cell survival. Oncotarget. 2015 Oct 26.Unruh D, Srinivasan R, Benson T, Haigh S, Coyle D, Batra N, Keil R, Sturm R, Blanco V, Palascak M, Franco RS, Tong W, Chatterjee T, Hui DY, Davidson WS, Aronow BJ, Kalfa T, Manka D, Peairs A, Blomkalns A, Fulton DJ, Brittain JE,Weintraub NL, Bogdanov VY. Red Blood Cell Dysfunction Induced by High-Fat Diet: Potential Implications for Obesity-Related Atherosclerosis. Circulation. 2015 Nov 17;132(20):1898-908.
Chen S, Brunskill EW, Potter SS, Dexheimer PJ, Salomonis N, Aronow BJ, Hong CI, Zhang T, Kopan R. Intrinsic Age-Dependent Changes and Cell-Cell Contacts Regulate Nephron Progenitor Lifespan. Dev Cell. 2015 Oct 12;35(1):49-62.
Pfluger PT, Kabra DG, Aichler M, Schriever SC, Pfuhlmann K, García VC, Lehti M, Weber J, Kutschke M, Rozman J, Elrod JW, Hevener AL, Feuchtinger A, Hrabě de Angelis M, Walch A, Rollmann SM, Aronow BJ, Müller TD, Perez-Tilve D, Jastroch M, De Luca M, Molkentin JD, Tschöp MH. Calcineurin Links Mitochondrial Elongation with Energy Metabolism. Cell Metab. 2015 Nov 3;22(5):838-50.
Mrug M, Zhou J, Yang C, Aronow BJ, Cui X, Schoeb TR, Siegal GP, Yoder BK, Guay-Woodford LM. Genetic and Informatic Analyses Implicate Kif12 as a Candidate Gene within the Mpkd2 Locus That Modulates Renal Cystic Disease Severity in the Cys1cpk Mouse. PLoS One. 2015 Aug 21;10(8):e0135678.
Nayak RC, Trump LR, Aronow BJ, Myers K, Mehta P, Kalfa T, Wellendorf AM, Valencia CA, Paddison PJ, Horwitz MS, Grimes HL, Lutzko C, Cancelas JA. Pathogenesis of ELANE-mutant severe neutropenia revealed by induced pluripotentstem cells. J Clin Invest. 2015 Aug 3;125(8):3103-16.
Matrka MC, Hennigan RF, Kappes F, DeLay ML, Lambert PF, Aronow BJ, Wells SI. DEK over-expression promotes mitotic defects and micronucleus formation. Cel Cycle. 2015 May 6:1-15.
Sayed N, Wong WT, Ospino F, Meng S, Lee J, Jha A, Dexheimer P, Aronow BJ, Cooke JP. Transdifferentiation of human fibroblasts to endothelial cells: role of innate immunity. Circulation. 2015 Jan 20;131(3):300-9.
Chang KH, Sengupta A, Nayak RC, Duran A, Lee SJ, Pratt RG, Wellendorf AM, Hill SE, Watkins M, Gonzalez-Nieto D, Aronow BJ, Starczynowski DT, Civitelli R, Diaz-Meco MT, Moscat J, Cancelas JA. p62 is required for stem cell/progenitor retention through inhibition of IKK/NF-κB/Ccl4 signaling at the bone marrow macrophage-osteoblast niche. Cell Rep. 2014 Dec 24;9(6):2084-97.
Samantha A. Brugmann, PhD Member, Division of Plastic Surgery
is a developmental biologist who aims to understand craniofacial development and elucidate the molecular basis for diseases that affect the craniofacial complex. Furthermore, Dr. Brugmann attempts to understand the forces that help pattern the face during normal and abnormal development she utilizes various model systems with unique facial morphologies.
Visit the Brugmann Lab.
Member, Division of Plastic Surgery
Assistant Professor, UC Department of Surgery
Samantha A. Brugmann, PhD, is an assistant professor of pediatrics in the Divisions of Plastic Surgery and Developmental Biology within the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine. She received her BS in cell and molecular biology from Tulane University in New Orleans, LA. She then obtained her PhD in genetics from George Washington University in Washington, DC where she studied cranial sensory placode development in Xenopus laevis. She performed her postdoctoral fellowship at Stanford University where her research focused on craniofacial development. While at Stanford she received a Ruth L. Kirschstein National Research Service Awards for Individual Postdoctoral Fellows (F32), a Pediatric Research Fund-Child Health Research Program Grant and a NIH Pathway to Independence Award (K99/R00). She joined Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center in January 2011 to study craniofacial development and disease.
Chang CF, Schock EN, Attia A, Stottmann RW, Brugmann SA. The ciliary baton: orchestrating neural crest development. Current Topics in Developmental Biology. In press.
Brugmann SA, Wells JM. Building additional complexity to in vitro-derived intestinal tissues. Stem Cell Res Ther. 2013;4 Suppl 1:S1.
Liu H, Lan Y, Xu , Chang CF, Brugmann SA, Jiang R. Odd-skipped related-1 controls neural crest chondrogenesis during tongue development. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Nov 12;110(46):18555-60.
Chang CF, Schock EN, O’Hare EA, Dodgson J, Cheng HH, Muir WM, Edelmann RE, Delany ME, Brugmann SA. The cellular and molecular etiology of the craniofacial defects in the avian ciliopathic mutant, talpid2. Development. 2014 Aug;141(15):3003-12.
Rada-Iglesias A, Bajpai R, Prescott S, Brugmann SA, Swigut T, Wysocka J. Epigenomic annotation of enhancers predicts transcriptional regulators of human neural crest. Cell Stem Cell. 2012 Nov 2;11(5):633-48.
Lenton K, James AW, Manu A, Brugmann SA, Birker D, Nelson ER, Leucht P, Helms JA, Longaker MT. Indian hedgehog positively regulates calvarial ossification and modulates bone morphogenetic protein signaling. Genesis. 2011 Oct;49(10):784-96.
Powder KE, Ku YC, Brugmann SA, Veile RA, Renaud NA, Helms JA, Lovett M. A cross-species analysis of microRNAs in the developing avian face. PLoS One. 2012;7(4):e35111.
Kenneth J. Campbell, PhD
studies the molecular genetic control of mouse forebrain development with a particular focus on the generation of neuronal diversity in the ventral telencephalon.
Molecular genetic control of mammalian forebrain development
MS: University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada, 1990.
PhD: University of Lund, Lund, Sweden, 1994.
Postdoctoral Fellow: Skirball Institute, NYU Med Center, 1995-97.
Waclaw RR, Wang B, Pei Z, Ehrman LA, Campbell K. Distinct temporal requirements for the homeobox gene Gsx2 in specifying striatal and olfactory bulb neuronal fates. Neuron. 2009;63:451-65.
Wang B, Waclaw RR, Allen ZJ II, Guillemot F, Campbell K. Ascl1 is a required downstream effector of Gsx gene function in the embryonic mouse telencephalon. Neural Development. 2009;4:5.
Waclaw RR, Allen Z, Bell SM, Erdelyi F, Szabo G, Potter SS, Campbell K. The zinc finger transcription factor Sp8 regulates the generation and diversity of olfactory bulb interneurons. Neuron. 2006;49:503-16.
Campbell K. Cortical neuron specification: it has its time and place. Neuron. 2005;46:373-6.
Waclaw RR, Wang B, Campbell K. The homeobox gene Gsh2 is required for retinoid production in the embryonic mouse telencephalon. Development. 2004;131:4013-20.
Stenman J, Yu RT, Evans RM, Campbell K. Tlx and Pax6 co-operate genetically to establish the pallio-subpallial boundary in the mouse telencephalon. Development. 2003;130:1113-22.
Stenman J, Toresson H, Campbell K. Identification of two distinct progenitor populations in the lateral ganglionic eminence: Implications for striatal and olfactory bulb neurogenesis. Journal of Neuroscience. 2003;23:167-74.
Sang-Wook Cha, PhD
investigates how Wnt/Planar Cell Polarity (PCP) signaling between lateral plate mesoderm (LPM) and endoderm regulates apicobasal polarity (ABP) of intestinal epithelium and controls radial-intercalation and gut elongation. Dr. Cha uses both amphibian and mouse/human organoids as the model systems.
Assistant Professor, UC Department of Pediatrics
Molecular basis of fetal intestine development; Wnt signaling; stem cells
PhD: College of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, South Korea, 2005.
Senior Researcher: Brain Korea21 project, 2005-2007.
Research Fellow/Associate: Cincinnati Children’s Research Foundation, Cincinnati, OH, 2007-2012.
Cha SW, McAdams M, Kormish J, Wylie C, Kofron M. Foxi2 is an animally localized maternal mRNA in Xenopus, and an activator of the zygotic ectoderm activator Foxi1e. PLoS ONE. 2012;7(7):e41782.
Nandadasa S, Tao Q, Shoemaker A, Cha SW, Wylie C. Regulation of classical cadherin membrane expression and F-actin assembly by alpha-catenins, during Xenopus embryogenesis. PLoS ONE. 2012;7(6):e38756.
Cha SW, Tadjuidje E, Wylie C, Heasman J. The roles of maternal Vangl2 and aPKC in Xenopus oocyte and embryo patterning. Development. 2011 Sep;138(18):3989-4000.
Tadjuidje E, Cha SW, Louza M, Wylie C, Heasman J. The functions of maternal Dishevelled 2 and 3 in the Early Xenopus embryo. Dev Dyn. 2011 Jul;240(7):1727-36.
Blythe SA, Cha SW, Tadjuidje E, Heasman J, Klein PS. beta-Catenin primes organizer gene expression by recruiting a histone H3 arginine 8 methyltransferase, Prmt2. Dev Cell. 2010 Aug 17;19(2):220-31.
Cha SW, Heasman J. Using oocytes for Wnt signaling assays: paracrine assays and Wnt-conditioned medium: review. Methods. 2010 May;51(1):52-5.
Cha SW, Tadjuidje E, White J, Wells J, Mayhew C, Wylie C, Heasman J. Wnt11/5a complex formation caused by tyrosine sulfation increases canonical signaling activity. Curr Biol. 2009 Sep 29;19(18):1573-80.
Vaughn G. Cleghon, PhD
Associate Professor, UC Department of Pediatrics
Protein kinases in development and human disease
Visit the Cleghon Lab.
PhD: Waksman Institute of Microbiology, Rutgers, Piscataway, NJ, 1991.
Postdoctoral Fellow: Dr. Deborah Morrison ABL-Basic Research Program, National Cancer Institute, Frederick Cancer Research Center, Frederick, MD.
Group Leader: Beatson Institute for Cancer Research, Beatson Laboratories, UK.
Kinstrie R, Luebbering N, Miranda-Saavedra D, Sibbet G, Han J, Lochhead PA, Cleghon V. Characterization of a domain that transiently converts class 2 DYRKs into intramolecular tyrosine kinases. Sci Signal. 2010 Mar 2;3(111):ra16. Day JP, Cleghon V, Houslay MD, Davies SA. Regulation of a Drosophila melanogaster cGMP-specific phosphodiesterase by prenylation and interaction with a prenyl-binding protein. Biochem J. 2008 Sep 15;414(3):363-74. Lochhead PA, Kinstrie R, Sibbet G, Rawjee T, Morrice N, Cleghon V. A chaperone-dependent GSK3beta transitional intermediate mediates activation-loop autophosphorylation. Mol Cell. 2006 Nov 17;24(4):627-33.
Kinstrie R, Lochhead PA, Sibbet G, Morrice N, Cleghon V. dDYRK2 and Minibrain interact with the chromatin remodeling factors SNR1 and TRX. Biochem J. 2006;398:45-54.
Lochhead PA, Sibbet G, Morrice N, Cleghon V. Activation-loop autophosphorylation is mediated by a novel transitional intermediate form of DYRKs. Cell. 2005;121:925-36.
Roger Cornwall, MD Clinical Director, Pediatric Orthopaedic Surgery
investigates the neurological control of postnatal muscle growth and development. The goal of his research is to identify novel physiological treatments for pediatric neuromuscular contractures.
Visit the Cornwall Lab.
Clinical Director, Pediatric Orthopaedic Surgery
Surgical Director, Epidermolysis Bullosa Center
Director, Hand and Upper Extremity Surgery Fellowship
Associate Professor, UC Department of Orthopedic Surgery
Brachial plexus birth palsy; pediatric hand and wrist trauma; congenital hand and upper extremity abnormalities; complex pediatric elbow trauma and deformities; gymnast wrist.
Dr. Cornwall is a full time pediatric hand and upper extremity surgeon who founded the Hand and Upper Extremity Center at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center in 2009. He is nationally known for his expertise in treating conditions that affect the pediatric hand and upper extremities, including complex trauma and congenital deformities, and brachial plexus injuries. He also runs a basic science laboratory investigating the neurological control of postnatal muscle growth, aiming to develop novel physiological treatments for neuromuscular contractures.
MD: Columbia University, New York, NY, 1997.
Residency: Orthopaedic Surgery, Mount Sinai Hospital, New York, NY, 2002.
Fellowship: Hand and Upper Extremity Surgery, Harvard University, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Massachusetts General Hospital, Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, MA, 2003.
Fellowship: Pediatric Orthopaedic Surgery, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, 2004.
Visiting Fellowship: Pediatric Orthopaedic and Hand Surgery, Groote Schuur Hospital and Red Cross Children's Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa, 2004.
Visiting Fellowship: Pediatric Hand and Brachial Plexus Surgery, l'Institut de la Main, Paris, France, 2004.
Certification: American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery, 2006; Certificate of Added Qualifications in Surgery of the Hand, The American Board of Surgery, 2009.
Cheng W, Cornwall R, Crouch DL, Li Z, Saul KR. Contributions of Muscle Imbalance and Impaired Growth to Postural and Osseous Shoulder Deformity Following Brachial Plexus Birth Palsy: A Computational Simulation Analysis. J Hand Surg Am. 2015 Apr 3.
Eismann EA, Little KJ, Laor T, Cornwall R. Glenohumeral abduction contracture in children with unresolved neonatal brachial plexus palsy. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2015 Jan 21;97(2):112-8.
Eismann EA, Lucky AW, Cornwall R. Hand function and quality of life in children with epidermolysis bullosa. Pediatr Dermatol. 2014 Mar-Apr;31(2):176-82.
Nikolaou S, Hu L, Tuttle LJ, Weekley H, Christopher W, Lieber RL, Cornwall R. Contribution of denervated muscle to contractures after neonatal brachial plexus injury: not just muscle fibrosis. Muscle Nerve. 2014 Mar;49(3):398-404.
Eismann EA, Bauer A, Kozin SH, Louden E, Cornwall R. The relationship between medical malpractice litigation and parent reports of patient function following neonatal brachial plexus palsy. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2014 Mar 5;96(5):373-9.
Eismann EA, Little KJ, Kunkel ST, Cornwall R. Clinical research fails to support more aggressive management of pediatric upper extremity fractures. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2013 Aug 7;95(15):1345-50.
Reading BD, Laor T, Salisbury SR, Lippert WC, Cornwall R. Quantification of humeral head deformity following neonatal brachial plexus palsy. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2012 Sep 19;94(18):e136(1-8).
Weekley H, Nikolaou S, Hu L, Eismann E, Wylie C, Cornwall R. The effects of denervation, reinnervation, and muscle imbalance on functional muscle length and elbow flexion contracture following neonatal brachial plexus injury. J Orthop Res. 2012 Aug;30(8):1335-42.
Kunkel S, Eismann E, Cornwall R. Utility of the pediatric outcomes data collection instrument for assessing acute hand and wrist injuries in children. J Pediatr Orthop. 2011 Oct-Nov;31(7):767-72.
Nikolaou S, Peterson E, Kim A, Wylie C, Cornwall R. Impaired growth of denervated muscle contributes to contracture formation following neonatal brachial plexus injury. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2011 Mar 2;93(5):461-70.
Steven A. Crone, PhD
Developmental biology; neurodegenerative disease; neural control of behavior; locomotion; respiration; motor circuits; amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS; spinal muscular atrophy (SMA)
Visit the Crone Lab.