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Researchers with the Perinatal Institute at Cincinnati Children’s
Hospital Medical Center have expertise in the social sciences, public
health, epidemiology, process and quality improvement, health care
economics and advocacy policy, as well as the more traditional avenues
of basic science, translational research and clinical trials. Insights
from our research can be directly applied to the clinical challenges
faced by infants during the perinatal period.
James M. Greenberg, MD Co-Director, Perinatal Institute
investigates the developmental biology of pulmonary vascular development, including how vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) mediates pulmonary vascular, lymphatic and airway development. He studies how VEGF mediates organization of pulmonary vasculature during late fetal life as well as how certain proteins implicated in axonal guidance during central nervous system development also direct developmental processes in the lung.
Co-Director, Perinatal Institute
Director, Division of Neonatology
Professor, UC Department of Pediatrics
Neonatal chronic lung disease; late preterm infant
MD: University of Illinois College of Medicine, Chicago, IL, 1977-1981.
Pediatric Internship and Residency: University of Minnesota Hospital and Clinic, Minneapolis, MN, 1981-1984. Chief Resident, Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota Hospital and Clinic, Minneapolis, MN, 1984.
Fellowship: Immunology/Neonatology, University of Minnesota Hospital and Clinic, Minneapolis, MN, 1985-1987; 1988-1989; visiting scientist, Medical Research Council Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Division of Protein and Nucleic Acid Chemistry, Cambridge, England.
Certification: American Board of Pediatrics, 1988; subspecialty board, Neonatal/Perinatal Medicine, 1989.
Binder S, Hill K, Meinzen-Derr J, Greenberg JM, Narendran V. Increasing VLBW Deliveries at Subspecialty Perinatal Centers via Perinatal Outreach. Pediatrics. 2011 Mar;127(3):487-93.
Kulkarni RM, Herman A, Ikegami M, Greenberg JM, Akeson AL. Lymphatic ontogeny and effect of hypoplasia in developing lung. Mech Dev. 2011 Jan-Feb;128(1-2):29-40.
Kulkarni RM, Greenberg JM, Akeson AL. NFATc1 regulates lymphatic endothelial development. Mech Dev. 2009 May-Jun;126(5-6):350-65.
Mallory BP, Mead TJ, Wiginton DA, Kulkarni RM, Greenberg JM, Akeson AL. Lymphangiogenesis in the developing lung promoted by VEGF-A. Microvasc Res. 2006 Jul-Sep;72(1-2):62-73.
Preciado DA, Rutter MJ, Greenberg JM, Bahado-Singh R, Lambers D, Willging JP. Intrapartum management of severe fetal airway obstruction. J Otolaryngol. 2004 Oct;33(5):283-8.
Akeson AL, Cameron JE, Le Cras TD, Whitsett JA, Greenberg JM. Vascular endothelial growth factor-A induces prenatal neovascularization and alters bronchial development in mice. Pediatr Res. 2005 Jan;57(1):82-8.
Greenberg JM, Thompson FY, Brooks SK, Shannon JM, Akeson AL. Slit and robo expression in the developing mouse lung. Dev Dyn. 2004 Jun;230(2):350-60.
Le Cras TD, Spitzmiller RE, Albertine KH, Greenberg JM, Whitsett JA, Akeson AL. VEGF causes pulmonary hemorrhage, hemosiderosis, and air space enlargement in neonatal mice. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2004 Jul;287(1):L134-42.
Akeson AL, Greenberg JM, Cameron JE, Thompson FY, Brooks SK, Wiginton D, Whitsett JA. Temporal and spatial regulation of VEGF-A controls vascular patterning in the embryonic lung. Dev Biol. 2003 Dec 15;264(2):443-55.
Greenberg JM, Thompson FY, Brooks SK, Shannon JM, McCormick-Shannon K, Cameron JE, Mallory BP, Akeson AL. Mesenchymal expression of vascular endothelial growth factors D and A defines vascular patterning in developing lung. Dev Dyn. 2002 Jun;224(2):144-53.
Louis J. Muglia, MD, PhD Co-Director, Perinatal Institute
Director, Center for Prevention of Preterm Birth
Visit the Muglia Lab
Dr. Muglia has pioneered the in vivo analyses of regulation of the endocrine stress response and the molecular pathways leading to birth using novel genetically altered mutant mice. These studies have elucidated the importance of corticotropin-releasing hormone, glucocorticoids, and prostaglandins in neuroendocrine modulation, behavior, and perinatal adaptation. These studies have evolved over the last decade to specifically focus on the mechanisms controlling the timing for birth in humans using genetics and comparative genomics. The composition of the biological clock metering the duration of human gestation remains a central question in reproductive biology. The goal of the Muglia laboratory is to understand the molecular timing machinery comprising this biological clock to prevent or better treat human preterm labor and delivery.
Among Dr. Muglia’s achievements are more than 180 publications and many awards, including a Burroughs Wellcome Fund Career Development Award in the Biomedical Sciences, the Society of Pediatric Research Young Investigator Award, and election to the American Society for Clinical Investigation and Association of American Physicians. In 2010, Dr. Muglia was elected to fellow in the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He is an active member of the Society for Pediatric Research, Society for Neuroscience, and the Lawson Wilkins Pediatric Endocrine Society. Dr. Muglia currently serves as chair of the Board of Scientific Counselors for the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development of the National Institutes of Health. In 2013, Dr. Muglia was elected to membership in the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies.
BS: University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, 1981.
PhD: University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, 1986.
MD: University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, 1988.
Muglia LJ, Jacobson L, Dikkes P, Majzoub JA. Corticotropin-releasing hormone deficiency reveals major fetal but not adult glucocorticoid need. Nature. 1995; 373:427-432.
Gross G, Imamura T, Luedke C, Vogt SK, Olson LM, Nelson DM, Sadovsky Y, Muglia LJ. Opposing actions of prostaglandins and oxytocin determine the onset of murine labor. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 1998; 95: 11871-11875.
Bethin KE, Nagai Y, Sladek R, Asada M, Sadovsky Y, Hudson TJ, Muglia LJ. Microarray analysis of uterine gene expression in mouse and human pregnancy. Mol Endocrinol. 2003; 17: 1454-1469.
Kistka Z A-F, Palomar P, Lee KA, Boslaugh SE, Wangler MF, Cole FS, DeBaun MR, Muglia LJ. Racial disparity in the frequency of recurrence of preterm birth. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2007; 196: 131.e1-131.e6.
Roizen J, Asada M, Tong M, Tai H-H, Muglia LJ. Preterm birth without progesterone withdrawal in 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase hypomorphic mice. Mol Endocrinol. 2008; 22: 105-112.
Kolber BJ, Roberts MS, Howell MP, Wozniak DF, Sands MS, Muglia LJ. Central amygdala glucocorticoid receptor action promotes fear-associated CRH activation and conditioning. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 2008; 105: 12004 - 12009.
Plunkett J, Feitosa MF, Trusgnich M, Wangler MF, Palomar L, Kistka ZA-F, DeFranco EA, Shen TT, Stormo EAD, Puttonen H, Hallman M, Haataja R, Luukkonen A, Fellman V, Peltonen L, Palotie A, Daw EW, An P, Teramo K, Borecki I, Muglia LJ. Mother’s genome or maternally-inherited genes acting in the fetus influence gestational age in familial preterm birth. Human Heredity. 2009; 68: 209-219.
Kolber BJ, Boyle MP, Wieczorek L, Kelley CL, Kelley CL, Onwuzurike CC, Nettles SA, Vogt SK, Muglia LJ. Transient early-life forebrain corticotropin-releasing hormone elevation causes long-lasting anxiogenic and despair-like changes in mice. J Neurosci. 2010; 30: 2571-2581.
Muglia LJ, Katz M. The enigma of spontaneous preterm birth. N Engl J Med. 2010; 362: 529-535.
Plunkett J, Doniger S, Orabona G, Morgan T, Haataja R, Hallman M, Puttonen H, Menon R, Kuczynski E, Norwitz E, Victoria Snegovskikh V, Palotie A, Peltonen L, Fellman V, DeFranco EA, Chaudhari BP, McGregor TL, McElroy JJ, Oetjens MT, Teramo K, Boreck I, Fay J, Muglia L. An evolutionary genomic approach to identify genes involved in human birth timing. PLoS Genetics. 2011; 7: e1001365.
Amygdala Glucocorticoid Receptor Function in Stress. Principle Investigator. NIH/NIMH. Feb 2009-Dec 2014.
Maternal Temperament, Stress, Inflammation and Preterm Birth. Multi-PI. NIH/NICHD. Sep 2013-Aug 2017.
March of Dimes Prematurity Research Center Ohio Collaborative. Coordinating PI. March of Dimes. Jul 2013-Jun 2018.
Jeffrey A. Whitsett, MD Co-Director, Perinatal Institute
Chief, Section of Neonatology, Perinatal and Pulmonary Biology
Cystic fibrosis research; lung morphogenesis; control of gene expression in the respiratory epithelium; gene delivery and therapy
Visit the Whitsett Lab.
Jeffrey A. Whitsett, MD, is chief of the Section of Neonatology, Perinatal and Pulmonary Biology at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center.
Dr. Whitsett received his medical degree from Columbia University, in New York, and has been a faculty member since 1977. He is internationally known for his research in pulmonary medicine, as well as for his clinical expertise in neonatology.
Dr. Whitsett has made a series of groundbreaking contributions in pulmonary medicine. His major pioneering work has been on surfactant proteins A, B, C and D, cloning their genes, and clarifying their roles in lung development.
Throughout his career, Dr. Whitsett has had the remarkable ability to move from molecular biology, to animal models, to diagnosis and therapy of human disease. He played a critical role in making surfactant protein replacement a routine tool for treating immature lungs and respiratory distress syndrome in premature infants. His laboratory has contributed to the identification of a number of genes critical for lung formation and function. Mutations in genes regulating surfactant homeostasis were shown to cause acute and chronic lung disease in infants and adults.
Dr. Whitsett is a member of the Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences and is the recipient of the Mead Johnson Award, a National Institutes of Health (NIH) Merit Award, the first Julius Comroe Lectureship in Pulmonary Research from FASEB, the William Cooper Procter Award from Cincinnati Children's, the Amberson Lecture Award of the American Thoracic Society, the prestigious Daniel Drake Medal for scientific contributions from the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, the International Arvo Ylppö Medal from the Finnish Foundation for Pediatric Research and the Grand Hamdan International Award on Neonatal Medicine from the United Arab Emirates.
Dr. Whitsett is the author of more than 400 papers in both the basic science and clinical literature.