Comprehensive Children's Injury Center

  • Injury Prevention at Home

    The Comprehensive Children’s Injury Center (CCIC) provides injury prevention tips for children ages 5 to 9 years old.

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    Learn how to safeguard your home and keep your child safe from severe injuries resulting from falls. TV and furniture tip-overs lead to 15,000 kids going to ERs each year.  Basic safety equipment like window locks and furniture safety straps can help prevent many of those hospital visits. 

    • Never leave children alone around open windows, balconies or decks, so they can't reach the edge.
    • Install safety guards on all windows that are not emergency exits.
    • putting TVs on stands that are low to the ground
    • attaching TVs and furniture to the wall with safety straps, L-brackets, or even Velcro
    • Place furniture away from windows and secure it to the wall to prevent it from tipping over.


    Children are curious about fire. Teaching your children about the hazards of playing with matches and other flammable materials, what to do when smoke alarm goes off as well as practicing a fire escape route with your family, can help prevent accidents and injuries. Fires resulting from children’s play are the leading cause of residential fire-related death and injury among children ages 9 and under.

    • Install smoke alarms in and outside of every sleeping area and test smoke alarms monthly.
    • Teach children what to do when they hear the sound of the smoke alarm.
      • Crawl low under smoke
      • Touch doors before opening them; if the door is hot, use another exit
      • Never go back into a burning building; children should be reminded not to stop or return for anything, such as a toy or to call 9-1-1 
      • Upon leaving the burning building, children whose clothes have caught fire should immediately stop, drop to the ground and roll back and forth quickly to extinguish the flames
    • Never leave the kitchen unattended while cooking, and never leave a child alone while cooking.
    • Keep anything that can catch fire (like dish towels or wooden spoons) away from your stovetop.
    • Teach young children not to play with matches or lighters. Lock up matches and lighters out of their sight and reach.
    • Keep all portable heaters out of children’s reach and at least 3 feet away from flammable objects.
    • Candles and open flames should be kept out of the reach of all children.


    • Set your water heater to 120 degrees or lower to avoid burns.
    • Keep matches, gasoline, lighters and all other flammable materials locked away and out of children’s reach.
    • Cover unused electrical outlets.
    • Place hot foods and liquids on the center of the table.
    • Always supervise young children in the kitchen and around electrical appliances and outlets.


    Every day, over 300 children in the United States ages 0 to 19 are treated in an emergency department, as a result of being poisoned.  Although household cleaners are a frequent cause of poisoning, kids can also be fatally poisoned by iron, alcohol and carbon monoxide. Because no prevention method is 100 percent effective, learn how to keep poison exposure from turning into tragedy for you and your family. 

    Know the number. Put the nationwide poison control center phone number, 1-800-222-1222, on or near every telephone in your home and program it into your cell phone. Call the poison control center if you think a child has been poisoned but they are awake and alert; they can be reached 24 hours a day, seven days a week. Call 911 if you have a poison emergency and your child has collapsed or is not breathing.

    • Lock them up. Keep medicines and toxic products, such cleaning solutions, in their original packaging where children can’t see or get them.
    • Always read labels and follow the exact directions. Give children medicines based on their weights and ages, and only use the dispensers that come packaged with children’s medications.
    • Never refer to medicine or vitamins as “candy.”
    • Do not have children help you take medication.
    • Be aware of medications that may be in your handbag. Store handbags out of the reach of young children.
    • Install carbon monoxide (CO) detectors in your home.
    • Prevent CO buildup in the first place — make sure heating appliances are in good working order and used only in well-ventilated areas.


    Your child is at greater risk of being shot by himself, his friends, or a family member than of being injured by an intruder.  It is best to keep all guns out of your home. If you choose to keep a gun, store it unloaded and in a locked place, separate from ammunition. Ask if the homes where your child visits or is cared for have guns and how they are stored.

    • Take the ammunition out of the gun.
    • Lock the gun and keep it out of reach of kids. Hiding the gun is not enough.
    • Lock the ammunition and store it apart from the gun.
    • Store the keys for the gun and the ammunition in a different area from where you store household keys. Keep the keys out of reach of children.
    • Lock up gun-cleaning supplies, which are often poisonous.
    • When handling or cleaning a gun, adults should never leave the gun unattended.

  • Additional Resources

    Cincinnati Children’s is a member of the Safe Kids USA campaign and the lead organization of the Cincinnati Safe Kids Coalition.  Their goal is to prevent your child from being injured in a motor vehicle crash, fire, scalding, pedestrian activity, poisoning, choking, bike crash, fall, water activity or shooting.

    Drug and Poison Information Center (DPIC)
    The Drug and Poison Information Center works to provide you with important prevention information, educational materials, first-aid information, common household hazards and references to national helpline organizations and agencies. 

    The phone number for the Cincinnati Drug and Poison Information Center is 513-636-5111. You may also call a national hotline, 1-800-222-1222, and you will be connected to the center that serves your area.

    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
    Protect the Ones You Love: Child Injuries are Preventable. In an effort to raise parents' awareness about the leading causes of child injury in the United States and how they can be prevented, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has launched the Protect the Ones You Love initiative.

    National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
    The best way to protect them in the car is to put them in the right seat, at the right time, and use it the right way.  The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) helps give additional information on choosing and using car seats as well as a Child Seat Inspection Station Locator to help with installation of your seats.

    American Academy of Pediatrics
    Healthy Children is a parenting Web site backed by 60,000 pediatricians committed to the attainment of optimal physical, mental, and social health and well-being for all infants, children, adolescents, and young adults. Ideal, whether you're looking for general information related to child health or for more specific guidance on parenting issues.

    Injury Free Coalition of Kids
    The Injury Free Coalition for Kids is among the country's fastest growing and most effective injury prevention programs. They are comprised of hospital-based, community-oriented programs, whose efforts are anchored in research, education, and advocacy.