Diabetes Study for 0- to 20-Year Olds
What is the purpose of this study?
The primary purpose of this study is to estimate the number of young people who have diabetes in the United States, and to identify the type of diabetes by age and race/ethnicity. Other goals are to learn more about the type of medical care and treatment provided to young people with diabetes, to investigate complications, and to learn more about how diabetes affects their everyday lives.
SEARCH is a study sponsored by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and the National Institutes of Health (NIH). There are five SEARCH centers across the United States. The Cincinnati Center is located at Children's Hospital Medical Center. Lawrence Dolan, MD is the principal investigator for the Cincinnati center.
Who can participate?
All youth with diabetes 0-20 years old in the 8 counties surrounding Cincinnati:
- Ohio - Butler, Clermont, Hamilton, and Warren
- Kentucky - Boone, Campbell, and Kenton
- Indiana - Dearborn
What is involved?
Those who are eligible will participate in a study visit. Visits include:
- Measurement of height, weight, waist circumference, and blood pressure
- Brief interview and questionnaires about your diabetes and general health
- A fasting blood and urine sample to measure blood sugar, hemoglobin A1c, insulin, cholesterol, and antibodies
- Breakfast will be provided after the blood sample has been drawn.
What are the benefits?
There are no direct benefits from taking part in this study. We will send participants, their parents, and their doctors (if requested) results from study medical tests that might be valuable health information. Understanding more about the types of diabetes, characteristics, complications and medical care will lead to better overall quality of health care. This information will contribute to advancing medical knowledge of diabetes.
Will I get all the facts about the study?
Participation in this research study is voluntary. Parents of children less than 18 years old and adult participants will be given a consent form that thoroughly explains all details of the study. It describes the procedures, risks, benefits, compensation, whom to contact with questions or concerns, and more. A member of the research team will review the consent form with you and will answer any questions you might have. Study procedures will not begin until you (if 18 years of age or older) or a parent/guardian have signed this form. Participants who are 11-17 years of age will also be asked to give their verbal or written agreement before any study procedures are begun.
What are the risks and discomforts of the study?
The risks involved from this study include the risks of having blood drawn. This includes mild pain, bruising at the site of the blood draw, and occasionally fainting. Blood tests require that you not eat any food or drink any beverages except water for at least 10 hours before your study visit, which could affect your blood sugar level.
Do participants receive pay, compensation or reimbursement?
Participants and their parents will be compensated. Participants who are 18 years of age or older will receive $80. Younger participants will receive $60, and a parent who accompanies their child to a visit will receive $20.