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The Crawford Spine Center at Cincinnati Children's is home to specialists with a variety of backgrounds and areas of focus. As a team, this diversity makes us better prepared to care for your child's unique needs.
Peter F. Sturm, MD Director, Crawford Spine Center
Director, Crawford Spine Center
Alvin H. Crawford Chair of Spine Surgery
MD: New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY, 1981.
Residency: Orthopaedic Surgery Mount Sinai Hospital, New York, NY, 1986.
Fellowship: Russ Spinal Surgery, Ottawa Civic Hospital Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, 1987; Pediatric Orthopaedic Surgery, The Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, MA, 1988.
Certification: Orthopaedic Surgery, 1990, 1999, 2010.
Carreon LY, Sanders JO, Diab M, Sturm PF, Sucato DJ; Spinal Deformity Study Group. Patient satisfaction after surgical correction of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011 Jan 8.
Sturm PF, Zaharski K, Riordan M, Hassani S. Anticipating complications in pediatric deformity surgery: is any preparation necessary in healthy children? Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2010 Dec 1;35(25):2211-4.
Carreon LY, Sanders JO, Diab M, Sucato DJ, Sturm PF, Glassman SD; Spinal Deformity Study Group. The minimum clinically important difference in Scoliosis Research Society-22 Appearance, Activity, And Pain domains after surgical correction of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2010 Nov 1;35(23):2079-83.
Sanders JO, Carreon LY, Sucato DJ, Sturm PF, Diab M; Spinal Deformity Study Group. Preoperative and perioperative factors effect on adolescent idiopathic scoliosis surgical outcomes. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2010 Sep 15;35(20):1867-71. Bustamante Valles KD, Long JT, Riedel SA, Graf A, Krzak J, Hassani S, Riordan M, Zaharski K, Sturm PF, Harris GF. Analysis of postural stability following posterior spinal fusion in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2010;158:127-31.
Cahill PJ, Warnick DE, Lee MJ, Gaughan J, Vogel LE, Hammerberg KW, Sturm PF. Infection after spinal fusion for pediatric spinal deformity: thirty years of experience at a single institution. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2010 May 20;35(12):1211-7. Slavens BA, Sturm PF, Harris GF. Upper extremity inverse dynamics model for crutch-assisted gait assessment. J Biomech. 2010 Jul 20;43(10):2026-31. Valles KD, Long JT, Riedel SA, Graf A, Krzak J, Hassani S, Sturm PF, Harris GF. Using a bi-planar postural stability model to assess children with scoliosis. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2009;2009:7010-3. Slavens BA, Sturm PF, Bajournaite R, Harris GF. Upper extremity dynamics during Lofstrand crutch-assisted gait in children with myelomeningocele. Gait Posture. 2009 Nov;30(4):511-7. Sanders JO, D'Astous J, Fitzgerald M, Khoury JG, Kishan S, Sturm PF. Derotational casting for progressive infantile scoliosis. J Pediatr Orthop. 2009 Sep;29(6):581-7.
Steven S. Agabegi, MD
Assistant Professor, UC Department of Orthopedic Surgery
Scoliosis; complex spinal deformity; cervical and lumbar degenerative conditions; revision surgery; spine trauma; spine tumors
MD: Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Residency: Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Fellowhip: Orthopaedic Spine Surgery, William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, MI.
Agabegi SS, Majid K, Fischgrund JS, Vaccaro AR, Patel T. Can Preoperative Radiographic Parameters be used to Predict Fusion in Non-instrumented Posterolateral Fusion for Degenerative Spondylolisthesis? Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011 Apr 19.
Agabegi SS, Iorio TE, Wilson JD, Fischgrund JS. Juvenile xanthogranuloma in an adult lumbar spine: a case report. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011 Jan 1;36(1):E69-73. Agabegi SS, Asghar FA, Herkowitz HN. Spinal orthoses. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2010 Nov;18(11):657-67 Agabegi SS, Fischgrund JS. Contemporary management of isthmic spondylolisthesis: pediatric and adult. Spine J. 2010 Jun;10(6):530-43.
Francke EI, Demetropoulos CK, Agabegi SS, Truumees E, Herkowitz HN. Distractive force relative to initial graft compression in an in vivo anterior cervical discectomy and fusion model. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2010 Mar 1;35(5):526-30. Agabegi SS, Antekeier DP, Crawford AH, Crone KR. Postlaminectomy kyphosis in an achondroplastic adolescent treated for spinal stenosis. Orthopedics. 2008 Feb;31(2):168. Agabegi SS, Stern PJ. Bias in research. Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 2008 May;37(5):242-8. Agabegi SS, Freiberg RA, Plunkett JM, Stern PJ. Thumb abduction strength measurement in carpal tunnel syndrome. J Hand Surg Am. 2007 Jul-Aug;32(6):859-66. Stern PJ, Agabegi SS, Kiefhaber TR, Didonna ML. Proximal row carpectomy. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2005 Sep;87 Suppl 1(Pt 2):166-74.
Alvin H. Crawford, MD, FACS Professor Emeritus
Emeritus, Division of Pediatric Surgery
Deformities of the immature spine with intervention and instrumentation via video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery; neurofibromatosis; bone tumors; hip disorders
Alvin H. Crawford, MD, one of the nation's foremost authorities on video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery and neurofibromatosis, is the co-director of the Crawford Spine Center at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center.
Since joining the staff of Cincinnati Children's in 1977, Dr. Crawford has completed a teaching module in Pediatric Orthopaedics, which includes a 1000-slide and syllabus packet widely used as a teaching instrument in U.S. residency programs, as well as in 33 other countries.
Dr. Crawford has also co-authored a handbook of Pediatric Orthopaedics for pediatric house officers and primary care physicians, as well as assisted in the development and publication of an atlas on Pediatric Orthopaedic radiology.
Dr. Crawford has authored a monograph on neurofibromatosis in children, a field in which he is considered the leading expert, achieving internationally renowned status. His publications include more than 200 articles and abstracts, six books, and 52 chapters.
Dr. Crawford's multiple visiting professorships, in addition to the United States, include Canada, West Africa, the Middle East (Jordan and Saudi Arabia), Germany, Italy, Denmark, Holland, Sweden, Brazil, Colombia, England, Belgium, Chile, Spain, Argentina and Ireland. He has trained 25 fellows in Pediatric Orthopaedic Surgery.
Dr. Crawford earned his undergraduate degree in Chemistry and Biochemistry at the Tennessee A and I University in 1960, with a minor in Music. He earned his medical degree at the University of Tennessee College of Medicine in 1964.
MD: University of Tennessee, Memphis, TN, 1964.
Residency: Orthopaedic Surgery, US Naval Hospital, Boston, MA: Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA.
Fellowships: Orthopaedic Research and Education Foundation, Carl-Berg International Fellowship; Constructive Surgery of the Hip, New England Baptist Hospital, Boston, MA; Pediatric Orthopaedics, Children's Hospital, Boston, MA; Alfred I. DuPont Institute, Wilmington, DL.
Certification: American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery.
White L, Mehlman CT, Crawford AH. Perfused, pulseless, and puzzling: a systematic review of vascular injuries in pediatric supracondylar humerus fractures and results of a POSNA questionnaire. J Pediatr Orthop. 2010 Jun;30(4):328-35. Review. Desai R, Stevenson CB, Crawford AH, Durrani AA, Mangano FT. C-1 lateral mass screw fixation in children with atlantoaxial instability: case series and technical report. J Spinal Disord Tech. 2010 Oct;23(7):474-9. McCarty ME, Mehlman CT, Tamai J, Do TT, Crawford AH, Klein G. Spondylolisthesis: intraobserver and interobserver reliability with regard to the measurement of slip percentage. J Pediatr Orthop. 2009 Oct-Nov;29(7):755-9. Agabegi SS, Antekeier DP, Crawford AH, Crone KR. Postlaminectomy kyphosis in an achondroplastic adolescent treated for spinal stenosis. Orthopedics. 2008 Feb;31(2):168.
Herrera-Sota JA, Crawford AH: Idiopathic Scoliosis in Children and Adolescents: Diagnosis and Treatment Options. Pediatric Health. 2008;2(1),89-98.
Crawford AH, Adjei OB, Lenke LG: It Was a Unilateral Opinion Expressed Solely by Dr. Vora Who Now Regrets Its Connotation and Unfortunate Publication. Spine. 2008;33(18):2023.
Wall EJ, Jain V, Vora V, Mehlman CT, Crawford AH: Complications of Titanium and Stainless Steel Elastic Nail Fixation of Pediatric Femoral Fractures. JBJS. 2008;90-A (6):1305-13.
Crawford AH, Agabegi, SS : Postlaminectomy Kyphosis in an Achondroplastic Child Treated for Spinal Stenosis. Orthopedics. 2008;31(2):168.
Crawford AH, Herrera J: Scoliosis Associated with Neurofibromatosis. Orthop Clin North Am. 2007;38(4):553-62. Review.
Salinsky JP, Scuderi GJ, Crawford AH: Occipito-atlanto-axial Dissociation in a Child With Preservation of Life: a Case Report and Review of the Literature. Pediatr Neurosurg. 2007;43(2):137-41. Review.
Viral V. Jain, MD Orthopaedic Surgeon
Spinal deformitie; minimally invasive spine surgeries; limb lengthening and reconstruction; pediatric hip disorders
Growth of immature spine; health of intervertebral disk
Wall EJ, Jain V, Vora V, Mehlman CT, Crawford AH. Complications of titanium and stainless steel elastic nail fixation of pediatric femoral fractures. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2008 Jun;90(6):1305-13.
Jain V, Crawford A. Re: Hoernschemeyer D, Farjoodi P, Cheng J, et al. A study of the cutaneous nerves encountered during thoracoplasty. Letter to the Editor. Spine 2007 32:301-5.
Jain VV, Mehlman CT. Closed reduction and spica cast application for the treatment of femoral shaft fracture. In Wiesel S. Operative Techniques in Orthopedic Surgery. New York, Thieme.
Crawford AH, Jain VV. Neurofibromatosis. In Akbarnia B, Thompson G: Growing Spine: Management of Spine Disorders in the Young Child. Philadelphia, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Charles T. Mehlman, DO, MPH Director, Musculoskeletal Outcomes Research
Director, Musculoskeletal Outcomes Research
Co-Director, Brachial Plexus Center
Professor, Division of Pediatric Surgery
Musculoskeletal outcomes research; orthopaedic trauma; bone tumors; arthroscopic surgery; shoulder and elbow surgery; spine surgery; foot and ankle surgery; limb deficiencies in children
Pediatric outcomes: quality of life following traumatic injury, traction and casting versus flexible intramedullary nailing of femoral fractures in children; brachial plexus injuries; effectiveness of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery in the management of pediatric spinal deformity biomechanical study of Nancy nails, outcomes following pediatric thoracolumbar spinal trauma; medical soft-tissue release and petrie casting for the treatment of Legg-Calve-Perthes disease; perioperative complications associated with operative treatment of supracondylar humeral fractures in children; undisplaced fractures of the distal radius and ulna in children -- risk factors for displacement; talus fractures in children; complications associated with the use of meniscal arrows in children; effectiveness of halo-femoral traction in the management of severe spinal deformity; orthopaedic injuries in children secondary to airbag deployment; buckle fractures of the distal radius and ulna -- risk factors for displacement; hip problems associated with Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome and effectiveness of flexible intramedullary nailing of pediatric tibia fractures
Talbert RJ, Michaud LJ, Mehlman CT, Kinnett DG, Laor T, Foad SL, Schnell B, Salisbury S. EMG and MRI are Independently Related to Shoulder External Rotation Function in Neonatal Brachial Plexus Palsy. J Pediatr Orthop. 2011 Mar;31(2):194-204.
Parikh SN, Wells L, Mehlman CT, Scherl SA. Management of fractures in adolescents. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2010 Dec 15;92(18):2947-58. Review.
Bowman EN, Mehlman CT, Lindsell CJ, Tamai J. Nonoperative treatment of both-bone forearm shaft fractures in children: predictors of early radiographic failure. J Pediatr Orthop. 2011 Jan-Feb;31(1):23-32.
Gammon SR, Mehlman CT, Chan W, Heifetz J, Durrett G, Wall EJ. A comparison of thoracolumbosacral orthoses and SpineCor treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients using the Scoliosis Research Society standardized criteria. J Pediatr Orthop. 2010 Sep;30(6):531-8.
White L, Mehlman CT, Crawford AH. Perfused, pulseless, and puzzling: a systematic review of vascular injuries in pediatric supracondylar humerus fractures and results of a POSNA questionnaire. J Pediatr Orthop. 2010 Jun;30(4):328-35. Review.
Babal JC, Mehlman CT, Klein G. Nerve injuries associated with pediatric supracondylar humeral fractures: a meta-analysis. J Pediatr Orthop. 2010 Apr-May;30(3):253-63.
McCarty ME, Mehlman CT, Tamai J, Do TT, Crawford AH, Klein G. Spondylolisthesis: intraobserver and interobserver reliability with regard to the measurement of slip percentage. J Pediatr Orthop. 2009 Oct-Nov;29(7):755-9.
McGraw MA, Mehlman CT, Lindsell CJ, Kirby CL. Postnatal growth of the clavicle: birth to 18 years of age. J Pediatr Orthop. 2009 Dec;29(8):937-43.
Mehlman CT, Yihua G, Bochang C, Zhigang W. Operative treatment of completely displaced clavicle shaft fractures in children. J Pediatr Orthop. 2009 Dec;29(8):851-5.
Foad SL, Mehlman CT, Foad MB, Lippert WC. Prognosis following neonatal brachial plexus palsy: an evidence-based review. J Child Orthop. 2009 Nov 3.
Eric J. Wall, MD Director, Orthopaedic Sports Medicine
Director, Orthopaedic Sports Medicine
Director, Orthopaedic Fellowship
Professor, UC Department of Surgery
Endoscopic non-fusion scoliosis correction with guided growth; sports growth plate arrest overuse syndromes; patella dislocations; anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction in patients with open growth plates; osteochondritis dissecans treatment
Hip disorders; open pelvic osteotomy and endoscopic pelvic osteotomy
A professor of Pediatric Orthopaedics at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Eric J. Wall, MD, specializes in sports medicine and scoliosis treatment.
Dr. Wall completed his orthopaedic residency at the University of California, San Diego. He is fellowship trained in biomechanics and spine research at the University of California, San Diego, and pediatric orthopaedics at the Children’s Hospital in Los Angeles. In addition, Dr. Wall holds a certificate in Sports Medicine and is recognized as a national leader in pediatric sports medicine. Dr. Wall’s clinical interests include endoscopic pelvic surgery, osteochondritis dissecans, scoliosis, sports-related injuries, orthopaedic basic science research and orthopaedic management of myelomeningocele.
Eric Wall, M.D. has rapidly established himself in pediatric sports medicine, as well as endoscopic surgery. He has made important contributions to endoscopic surgery through his basic science research efforts in video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) and his innovative creation of an endoscopic pelvic osteotomy technique. Dr. Wall has developed new techniques for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, the treatment of patella dislocations and osteochondritis dissecans in young patients. He also co-founded Research in OsteoChondritis of the Knee (ROCK), the multidisciplinary OCD (osteochondritis dissecans) Study Group of North America.
Dr. Wall stepped down as the division director in August 2010. His focus will now be to concentrate on his revolutionary treatment of early onset scoliosis using spine staples, which were recently FDA approved and is the first and only approved by the FDA. The technique can eliminate extensive spinal fusion to correct an abnormal curvature by stapling together the growth plates on the actively growing side of the deformity to allow the other side of the spine to catch up.
Lippert WC, Owens RF, Wall EJ. Salter-Harris type III fractures of the distal femur: plain radiographs can be deceptive. J Pediatr Orthop. 2010 Sep;30(6):598-605. Gammon SR, Mehlman CT, Chan W, Heifetz J, Durrett G, Wall EJ. A comparison of thoracolumbosacral orthoses and SpineCor treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients using the Scoliosis Research Society standardized criteria. J Pediatr Orthop. 2010 Sep;30(6):531-8.
Quatman CE, Myer GD, Khoury J, Wall EJ, Hewett TE. Sex differences in "weightlifting" injuries presenting to United States emergency rooms. J Strength Cond Res. 2009 Oct;23(7):2061-7 Myer GD, Quatman CE, Khoury J, Wall EJ, Hewett TE. Youth versus adult "weightlifting" injuries presenting to United States emergency rooms: accidental versus nonaccidental injury mechanisms. J Strength Cond Res. 2009 Oct;23(7):2054-60. Bylski-Austrow DI, Wall EJ, Glos DL, Ballard ET, Montgomery A, Crawford AH. Spinal hemiepiphysiodesis decreases the size of vertebral growth plate hypertrophic zone and cells. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2009 Mar 1;91(3):584-93. Myer GD, Ford KR, Divine JG, Wall EJ, Kahanov L, Hewett TE. Longitudinal assessment of noncontact anterior cruciate ligament injury risk factors during maturation in a female athlete: a case report. J Athl Train. 2009 Jan-Feb;44(1):101-9. Wall EJ, Vourazeris J, Myer GD, Emery KH, Divine JG, Nick TG, Hewett TE. The healing potential of stable juvenile osteochondritis dissecans knee lesions. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2008 Dec;90(12):2655-64. Lippert WC, Wall EJ. Optimal intramuscular needle-penetration depth. Pediatrics. 2008 Sep;122(3):e556-63. Wall EJ, Jain V, Vora V, Mehlman CT, Crawford AH. Complications of titanium and stainless steel elastic nail fixation of pediatric femoral fractures. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2008 Jun;90(6):1305-13. Hébert KJ, Laor T, Divine JG, Emery KH, Wall EJ. MRI appearance of chronic stress injury of the iliac crest apophysis in adolescent athletes. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2008 Jun;190(6):1487-91.
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