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The Dystonia and Surgical Movement Disorders Clinic at Cincinnati Children's is home to specialists with a variety of backgrounds and areas of focus. As a team, this diversity makes us better prepared to care for your child's unique needs.
Ellen L. Air, MD, PhD Faculty Neurosurgeon, Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery
Faculty Neurosurgeon, Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery
Assistant Professor, UC Department of Neurosurgery
Ellen Air, MD, PhD, joined the Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery in September 2011. After earning her doctorate and medical degrees at the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, she completed her residency in neurosurgery with the UC Department of Neurosurgery. Dr. Air continued her training with a fellowship in neurosurgical treatment of epilepsy, movement disorders, and pain at the University of California, San Francisco and San Francisco VA Medical Center. Dr. Air specializes in the use of deep brain stimulation for the treatment of dystonia, a disabling movement disorder which often presents in childhood. She brings particular expertise in the use of real-time magnetic resonance imaging to guide deep brain stimulator placement. This approach allows for highly accurate placement with improved patient comfort. In addition, Dr. Air treats a variety of chronic intractable pain syndromes using spinal cord stimulation which delivers electrical stimulation to the spinal cord, interrupting pain signals traveling to the brain.
In addition to seeing patients at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Dr. Air is in private practice with Mayfield Clinic. She also serves as assistant professor of neurosurgery and director of the Division of Epilepsy at UC, and is a member of the UC Epilepsy Center and the UC Neuroscience Institute.
Dr. Air's professional memberships include the American Association of Neurological Surgeons, Congress of Neurological Surgeons, American Society for Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery, World Society of Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery, Women in Neurosurgery, and the American Medical Association. She is board-eligible with the American Board of Neurological Surgeons (ABNS).
Air EL, Ostrem JL, Sanger TD, Starr PA. Deep brain stimulation in children: experience and technical pearls. J Neurosurg. 2011.
Air EL, Vagal AA, Kendler A, McPherson CM. Isolated cerebellar mucormycosis, slowly progressive over 1 year in an immunocompetent patient. Surg Neurol Int. 2010 Dec 13;1:81. Air EL, Yuan W, Holland SK, Jones BV, Bierbrauer K, Altaye M, Mangano FT. Longitudinal comparison of pre- and postoperative diffusion tensor imaging parameters in young children with hydrocephalus. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2010 Apr;5(4):385-91. Yuan W, Mangano FT, Air EL, Holland SK, Jones BV, Altaye M, Bierbrauer K. Anisotropic diffusion properties in infants with hydrocephalus: a diffusion tensor imaging study. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2009 Oct;30(9):1792-8. Air EL, Leach JL, Warnick RE, McPherson CM. Comparing the risks of frameless stereotactic biopsy in eloquent and noneloquent regions of the brain: a retrospective review of 284 cases. J Neurosurg. 2009 Oct;111(4):820-4. Kissela B, Lindsell CJ, Kleindorfer D, Alwell K, Moomaw CJ, Woo D, Flaherty ML, Air E, Broderick J, Tsevat J. Clinical prediction of functional outcome after ischemic stroke: the surprising importance of periventricular white matter disease and race. Stroke. 2009 Feb;40(2):530-6. Air EL, Ghomri YM, Tyagi R, Grande AW, Crone K, Mangano FT. Management of vagal nerve stimulator infections: do they need to be removed? J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2009 Jan;3(1):73-8.
Air EL and Barbaro NM. Radiosurgery for the Treatment of Epilepsy. In Quinones A (Ed), Schmidek and Sweet’s Operative Neurosurgical Techniques: Indications, Methods, and Results. 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier, 2011.Air EL, Abruzzo TA, Ringer AJ. Embolization of epistaxis. In Connolly ES, McKhann GM, Huang J, Choudhri TF, Komotar RJ, and Mocco J (Eds), Fundamentals of Operative Techniques in Neurosurgery. 2nd ed. New York, NY: Thieme, 2010.
Donald L. Gilbert, MD, MS Director, Movement Disorder Clinic and Tourette's Syndrome Clinic
Director, Movement Disorder Clinic and Tourette's Syndrome Clinic
Professor, UC Department of Pediatrics
Movement disorders; Tourette's Syndrome; Sydenham's Chorea; kernicterus; dystonia; ataxia; clinical research; transcranial magnetic stimulation
Clinical trials in Tourette's Syndrome and associated ADHD; epidemiology of Tourette's Syndrome and PANDAS; clinical effectiveness of multi-drug treatments in Tourette's Syndrome; transcranial magnetic stimulation in Tourette's Syndrome and pediatric movement disorders; functional neurosurgery for pediatric dystonia
Visit the Gilbert-Wu Lab.
Donald Gilbert, MD, earned his Bachelor of Arts at Princeton University, where he majored in philosophy. He subsequently earned his MD at the University of Michigan and spent a year at the National Institutes of Health as a Howard Hughes Medical Institute Research Scholar. Dr. Gilbert did his pediatrics and neurology training at John Hopkins in Baltimore and is board certified in neurology with special competence in child neurology. Dr. Gilbert has an MS in Clinical Research Design and Statistical Analysis from the University of Michigan.
At Cincinnati Children's, Dr. Gilbert directs the Movement Disorders and Tourette's Syndrome Clinics, which specialize in evaluation and pharmacologic treatment of tics, chorea, tremor, dystonia, stereotypies, ataxia, and other movement disorders. Dr. Gilbert directs or participates in a number of single and multi-center studies into causes and treatments of Tourette's Syndrome. Dr. Gilbert directs the Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Laboratory at CCHMC.
Ridel KR, Gilbert DL. Child neurology: past, present, and future: part 3: the future. Neurology. 2010 Oct 12;75(15):e62-4.
Wu SW, Harris E, Gilbert DL. Tic suppression: the medical model. J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol. 2010 Aug;20(4):263-76. Dalal P, Leslie ND, Lindor NM, Gilbert DL, Espay AJ. Motor tics, stereotypies, and self-flagellation in primrose syndrome. Neurology. 2010 Jul 20;75(3):284-6.
Ridel KR, Lipps TD, Gilbert DL. The prevalence of neuropsychiatric disorders in Sydenham's chorea. Pediatr Neurol. 2010 Apr;42(4):243-8.
Hopkins SE, Somoza A, Gilbert DL. Rare autosomal dominant POLG1 mutation in a family with metabolic strokes, posterior column spinal degeneration, and multi-endocrine disease. J Child Neurol. 2010 Jun;25(6):752-6.
Degrauw RS, Li JZ, Gilbert DL. Body mass index changes and chronic neuroleptic drug treatment for Tourette syndrome. Pediatr Neurol. 2009 Sep;41(3):183-6.
Gilbert DL. Acute and chronic chorea in childhood. Semin Pediatr Neurol. 2009 Jun;16(2):71-6. Review.
Wong B, Gilbert DL, Walker WL, Liao IH, Lit L, Stamova B, Jickling G, Apperson M, Sharp FR. Gene expression in blood of subjects with Duchenne muscular dystrophy. Neurogenetics. 2009 Apr;10(2):117-25.
Gilbert DL, Leslie EJ, Keddache M, Leslie ND. A novel hereditary spastic paraplegia with dystonia linked to chromosome 2q24-2q31. Mov Disord. 2009 Feb 15;24(3):364-70.
Gilbert DL. Drug-induced movement disorders in children. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2008 Oct;1142:72-84. Review.
Steve W. Wu, MD
Assistant Professor, UC Department of Pediatrics
Neuroplasticity; movement disorders; transcranial magnetic stimulation; transcranial magnetic stimulation lab
Lehman LL, Gilbert DL, Leach JL, Wu SW, Standridge SM. Vertebral Artery Dissection Leading to Stroke Caused by Violent Neck Tics of Tourette Syndrome. Neurology. 2011.
Wu SW, Gilbert DL. Altered neurophysiologic response to intermittent theta burst stimulation in Tourette Syndrome. Brain Stimulation. 2011.
Szaflarski J, Vannest J, Wu SW, DiFrancesco M, Banks C, Gilbert DL. Excitatory repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation induces improvements in chronic post-stroke aphasia. Med Sci Monit. 2011 Feb;17(3):132-139.
Wu SW, Harris E, Gilbert DL. Tic suppression: the medical model. J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol. 2010 Aug;20(4):263-276.
Harris E, Wu SW. Children with tic disorders: How to match treatment with symptoms. Current Psychiatry. 2010;9:29-36.
Wu SW, Graham B, Gelfand MJ, Gruppo RE, Dinopolous A, Gilbert DL. Clinical and positron emission tomography findings of chorea associated with primary antiphospholipid antibody syndrome. Mov Disord. 2007 Sep;22(12):1813-1815.
Wu SW, Gilbert DL, Phillips T. Retrospective analysis of electroencephalograms in neonates suspected of having seizures. J Child Neurol. 2007;22:669-670.
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