Neurosurgery

  • Meet the Team

    The Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery is home to specialists with a wide variety of backgrounds and areas of focus. As a team, this diversity makes us better prepared to care for your child’s unique needs. Learn more about our faculty and staff.

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    Division Chief

    A photo of Francesco Mangano.

    Francesco T. Mangano, DO, FACS, FACOS
    Chief, Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery

    513-636-4726

    francesco.mangano@cchmc.org

    Francesco T. Mangano, DO, FACS, FACOS

    Chief, Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery

    Director, Pediatric Epilepsy Surgery Program

    Associate Professor, UC Department of Neurosurgery

    Phone: 513-636-4726

    Fax: 513-636-2808

    Email: francesco.mangano@cchmc.org

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    Specialties

    Biography

    Francesco Mangano joined the Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery at Cincinnati Children's in July 2005, as an associate professor of neurosurgery.

    A graduate of the Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine, Dr. Mangano completed his neurosurgical residency at Long Island Jewish Medical Center in 2004 followed by a fellowship in pediatric neurosurgery at St. Louis Children's Hospital in St. Louis, Missouri.

    Since joining the faculty of the division of pediatric neurosurgery at this Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, he has been instrumental in developing our nationally renowned Pediatric Epilepsy Program and is director of the Pediatric Epilepsy Surgery Program. This program has already given many children a chance to experience a whole new life with marked reduction in the frequency of their debilitating seizures. After extensive evaluation and state of the art imaging and monitoring of the seizures, surgical intervention in many cases can then be exactly targeted to the source of the seizures. An extensive array of surgical techniques may be offered these patients, which ranges from implantation of a vagal nerve stimulator to resection of one whole side of the brain.

    In addition, he is a co-principal investigator for an NIH-funded multi-institutional research study investigating advanced MRI imaging techniques in children with congenital hydrocephalus. This is only one of his numerous active research projects which have resulted in numerous publications, book chapters and national and international presentations in the fields of epilepsy, diffusion tensor imaging (MRI) of hydrocephalus, traumatic brain injury, and vascular and neoplastic brain lesions. He also has expertise in complex disorders of the spine and spinal cord, including spinal cord tumors, and craniocervical junction.

    Dr. Mangano is a member of the American Society of Pediatric Neurosurgeons. He was board certified in 2008 in Neurological Surgery by the American Osteopathic Board of Surgery.

    Education and Training

    DO: Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine (PCOM), Philadelphia, PA.

    Residency: NYCOM-Long Island, Jewish Medical Center / North Shore University Health System, New Hyde Park, NY.

    Fellowship: Washington University School of Medicine-St. Louis Children's Hospital, St. Louis, MO.

    Board Certification: Neurological Surgery, American Osteopathic Board of Surgery, 2008.

    Publications

    View PubMed Publications

    Faculty

    A photo of Ellen Air.

    Ellen L. Air, MD, PhD
    Faculty Neurosurgeon, Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery

    513-636-4726

    ellen.air@cchmc.org

    Ellen L. Air, MD, PhD

    Faculty Neurosurgeon, Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery

    Assistant Professor, UC Department of Neurosurgery

    Phone: 513-636-4726

    Email: ellen.air@cchmc.org

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    Specialties

    Movement disorders; epilepsy; deep brain stimulation; chronic pain syndromes; spinal cord stimulation

    Biography

    Ellen Air, MD, PhD, joined the Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery in September 2011. After earning her doctorate and medical degrees at the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, she completed her residency in neurosurgery with the UC Department of Neurosurgery. Dr. Air continued her training with a fellowship in neurosurgical treatment of epilepsy, movement disorders, and pain at the University of California, San Francisco and San Francisco VA Medical Center.

    Dr. Air specializes in the use of deep brain stimulation for the treatment of dystonia, a disabling movement disorder which often presents in childhood. She brings particular expertise in the use of real-time magnetic resonance imaging to guide deep brain stimulator placement. This approach allows for highly accurate placement with improved patient comfort. In addition, Dr. Air treats a variety of chronic intractable pain syndromes using spinal cord stimulation which delivers electrical stimulation to the spinal cord, interrupting pain signals traveling to the brain.

    In addition to seeing patients at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Dr. Air is in private practice with Mayfield Clinic. She also serves as assistant professor of neurosurgery and director of the Division of Epilepsy at UC, and is a member of the UC Epilepsy Center and the UC Neuroscience Institute.

    Dr. Air's professional memberships include the American Association of Neurological Surgeons, Congress of Neurological Surgeons, American Society for Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery, World Society of Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery, Women in Neurosurgery, and the American Medical Association. She is board-eligible with the American Board of Neurological Surgeons (ABNS).

    Education and Training

    PhD: University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, 2002.

    MD: University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, 2004.

    Residency: University of Cincinnati Department of Neurosurgery 2004-2010.

    Fellowship: Epilepsy, Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery, San Francisco VA Medical Center and University of California, San Francisco; 2011.

    Publications

    View PubMed Publications
    A photo of Karin Bierbrauer.

    Karin Bierbrauer, MD
    Faculty Neurosurgeon, Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery

    513-636-4726

    karen.bierbrauer@cchmc.org

    Karin Bierbrauer, MD

    Faculty Neurosurgeon, Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery

    Associate Professor, UC Department of Pediatrics

    Phone: 513-636-4726

    Email: karen.bierbrauer@cchmc.org

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    Specialties

    Clinical Interests

    Fetal malformations of the brain and spinal cord; spina bifida; tethered cord; head injury

    Research Interests

    Head injury; biomedical informatics 

    Biography

    Karin Bierbrauer, MD, is an associate professor of neurosurgery at the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine. She has been a member of the faculty of the Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center since January 2005 .

    Dr. Bierbrauer graduated from medical school at the Medical University of SC in Charleston, S.C. She received her neurosurgical training at Emory University in Atlanta, Georgia, and went on to complete a fellowship in pediatric neurosurgery at Children's Memorial Hospital in Chicago in 1991. From 1991 to 2004, she practiced pediatric neurosurgery in Philadelphia, first at St. Christopher's Hospital for Children and then at Temple University Children's Medical Center, where she directed the pediatric neurosurgery program.

    Dr. Bierbrauer's special areas of interest include spina bifida and all other types of spinal dysraphism, (tethering of the spinal cord), and the evaluation of congenital disorders of the central nervous system. She is a member of the Cincinnati Fetal Center's team of subspecialists and directs the neurosurgical evaluation of children enrolled in the comprehensive Spina Bifida Clinic at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center.

    Education and Training

    MD: Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina, 1980-1984

    Residency: Neurosurgery, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, 1985-1989

    Fellowship: Pediatric Neurosurgery, The Children's Memorial Hospital, Chicago, Illinois

    Publications

    View PubMed Publications

    Steven A. Crone, PhD

    Assistant Professor, UC Department of Pediatrics

    Phone: 513-803-9275

    Email: steven.crone@cchmc.org

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    Specialties

    Developmental biology; neurodegenerative disease; neural control of behavior; locomotion; respiration; motor circuits; amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS; spinal muscular atrophy (SMA)

    Visit the Crone Lab.

    Biography

    Steven Crone, PhD, is an assistant professor in the Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery. He received his BS with honors from The Pennsylvania State University in 1995. He received his PhD from the University of California, San Diego while performing his thesis research at The Salk Institute for Biological Studies.

    His thesis research demonstrated that the ErbB2 receptor tyrosine kinase is essential for maintenance of the enteric nervous system and prevention of dilated cardiomyopathy. His research has important implications for the treatment of Hirschsprung’s disease, heart disease and ErbB2/Her2 dependent breast cancer.

    Dr. Crone performed his postdoctoral work at the University of Chicago where he used transgenic mouse models to label, ablate or alter gene expression in specific interneurons to establish that V2a neurons coordinate limb movement during locomotion and promote a normal breathing rhythm.

    He joined Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center in September of 2012 where his laboratory will investigate how motor circuits are altered by injury or disease.

    Education and Training

    BS: The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, 1995.

    PhD: University of California, San Diego and The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, San Diego, CA, 2003.

    Postdoctoral: University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, 2012.

    Publications

    View PubMed Publications
    A photo of Kerry Crone.

    Kerry R. Crone, MD

    Professor, UC Department of Surgery

    Phone: 513-636-4726

    Email: kerry.crone@cchmc.org

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    Specialties

    Clinical Interests

    Minimal access surgery; including endoscopic surgery; chiari malformations; brain tumors; design and implementation of patient safety initiatives and clinical outcomes studies

    Research Interests

    Chiari malformations; brain tumors; telemedicine 

    Biography

    Dr. Kerry Crone is a professor of neurosurgery and pediatrics at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center and the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine. He was director of the Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center beginning in July 1999.

    Dr. Crone's specialty interests include minimal access surgery and its applications for children with brain tumors, hydrocephalus and complex cysts within the brain. He has lectured extensively and taught other neurosurgeons these techniques at national and international meetings and courses and written numerous scholarly articles about the use of endoscopy and other tools to allow for these minimally invasive operations and has even been instrumental in designing some of the tools used by neurosurgeons around the world in visualizing and navigating during these operations.

    He also has developed a very large and well renowned practice specializing in pediatric patients from infancy to young adulthood with Chiari malformations, offering not only the latest in imaging and surgical approaches, but expertise based on extensive research in this field.

    The design of our neurosurgical operative suite, which was the first of its kind in the world, and incorporates intraoperative MRI with specially designed pediatric operating beds and computer guided navigation instruments to allow for maximal safety during resection of brain tumors and other complex operations of the brain and spine, was guided by his experience and expertise.

    Education and Training

    MD: University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, 1978.

    Residency: Neurosurgery, Bowman-Gray School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC.

    Fellowship: Pediatric Neurosurgery, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, 1986.

    Publications

    View PubMed Publications

    June Goto, PhD

    Instructor, UC Department of Neurosurgery

    Phone: 513-636-8178

    Email: june.goto@cchmc.org

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    Specialties

    Hydrocephalus; tuberous sclerosis complex; mouse genetic models

    Education and Training

    BS: Tokyo Gakugei University, 2000.

    PhD: University of Tokyo, 2006.

    Postdoctral training: University of Tokyo, 2007; Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 2012.

    Publications

    View PubMed Publications.
    Doctor Stevenson is a Neurosurgeon at Cincinnati Children's.

    Charles B. Stevenson, MD
    Faculty Neurosurgeon

    513-636-4726

    charles.stevenson@cchmc.org

    Charles B. Stevenson, MD

    Faculty Neurosurgeon

    Assistant Professor, UC Department of Neurosurgery

    Phone: 513-636-4726

    Email: charles.stevenson@cchmc.org

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    Specialties

    Clinical Interests

    Brain tumors; spasticity; Chiari malformations; fetal surgery; neurovascular disorders; minimal access surgery

    Research Interests

    Neuro-oncology; epilepsy; spasticity

    Biography

    Charles Stevenson, MD, rejoined the Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center in July 2010, after having served for one year as staff neurosurgeon at Kosair Children’s Hospital in Louisville, Kentucky. Prior to completing his fellowship in pediatric neurosurgery at Cincinnati Children’s, he received his neurosurgical training at Vanderbilt University in Nashville, Tennessee. During that time, he also completed a two-year research fellowship in neurosurgical oncology. He graduated from medical school at Vanderbilt University in Nashville, Tennesee.

    Dr. Stevenson’s interest, specialized training and research background in neuro-oncology make him uniquely qualified to lead our division in its collaborative efforts with the division of neuro-oncology in the Brain and Spinal Tumor program to treat children with primary and recurrent brain tumors. He is assisted in these efforts by leading-edge technology such as the operating room BrainSUITE™, which creates precise three-dimensional maps of the brain and allows for intraoperative MRI imaging to more safely remove particularly complex and deep-seated tumors. Cincinnati Children’s was the first pediatric hospital in the world to offer this technology.

    In addition, Dr. Stevenson brings expertise in selective dorsal rhizotomy as a treatment for spasticity, which, when added to implantation of baclofen pumps and medical therapy, allows for a wide range of treatment options for patients with spasticity from cerebral palsy or spinal cord injury. He is a member of a multidisciplinary team of specialists that includes neurosurgery, orthopedic surgery, physical medicine and rehabilitation as well as and physical and occupational therapies that offers comprehensive care for children with spasticity.

    Dr. Stevenson is a member of the American Society of Pediatric Neurosurgeons.  He was board certified in 2013 in neurological surgery by the American Board of Neurological Surgeons.

    Education and Training

    MD: Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee, 2001

    Residency: Neurosurgery, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee

    Fellowship: Pediatric Neurosurgery, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, 2008-09.

    Board Certification: Neurological Surgery, American Board of Neurological Surgeons, 2013.

    Publications

    View PubMed Publications

    A photo of Sudhakar Vadivelu.

    Sudhakar Vadivelu, DO
    Faculty Neurosurgeon, Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery

    513-636-4726

    sudhakar.vadivelu@cchmc.org

    Sudhakar Vadivelu, DO

    Faculty Neurosurgeon, Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery

    Assistant Professor, UC Department of Neurosurgery

    Phone: 513-636-4726

    Email: sudhakar.vadivelu@cchmc.org

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    Specialties

    Clinical

    Disorders of the brain and spine; brain and spine tumors; spinal deformity; chiari malformation; hydrocephalus; movement disorders; endovascular/ interventional neuroradiology; neuroendoscopy; neurostimulation

    Research

    Stem cells; neurogenesis; modulation of cytokine activity

    Biography

    Sudhakar Vadivelu, DO, joined the Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center after completing his fellowship in pediatric neurosurgery at Texas Children’s Hospital and neurosurgical residency at Hofstra North Shore- LIJ School of Medicine.  While at Hofstra North Shore-LIJ, he acquired additional training in open cerebrovascular surgery and endovascular surgery for specialized training in the care of vascular disorders of the brain and spine. 

    Dr. Vadivelu’s interest, specialized training and research background in the role of inflammation in neurogenesis and stem cells, make him uniquely qualified to lead our division in its collaborative efforts with the division of interventional neuroradiology for the treatment of children with vascular disorders of the brain and spine.

    In addition, Dr. Vadivelu brings expertise in spinal diseases, brain and spinal cord tumors, neuroendoscopy and neurostimulation.

    Education and Training

    DO: Des Moines University, College of Osteopathic Medicine, Des Moines, IA.

    Residency:  Surgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD; Neurosurgery, Hofstra North Shore-LIJ School of Medicine, Manhasset, NY.

    Fellowship:  Interventional Neuroradiology, Hofstra North Shore-LIJ School of Medicine, Manhasset, NY; Cerebrovascular Surgery, Hofstra North Shore-LIJ School of Medicine, Manhasset, NY; Pediatric Neurosurgery, Texas Children’s Hospital, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX.

    Publications

    View PubMed Publications

    Timothy W. Vogel, MD

    Assistant Professor, UC Department of Neurosurgery

    Phone: 513-636-4726

    Email: timothy.vogel@cchmc.org

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    Specialties

    Biography

    Tim Vogel, MD, joined the Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery at Cincinnati Children’s in 2013 as an assistant professor of neurosurgery and developmental biology. Dr. Vogel is a graduate of Princeton University and Columbia University’s College of Physicians and Surgeons. Dr. Vogel completed his residency at the University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics in 2011. He then completed a minimally invasive fellowship at Boston Children’s Hospital at Harvard University, followed by a pediatric neurosurgery fellowship at St Louis Children’s Hospital at Washington University in St. Louis.

    Dr. Vogel specializes in craniofacial surgery and the use of endoscopy in the minimally invasive treatment of children. He also utilizes endoscopy and his expertise with minimally invasive surgery to treat hydrocephalus and certain tumors of the brain.

    In addition to his clinical activities, Dr. Vogel is a principal investigator in the Division of Developmental Biology focused on human and molecular genetics of hydrocephalus and other neurodevelopmental disorders. Dr. Vogel has completed postdoctoral fellowships for the Howard Hughes Medical Institute at the University of Iowa and at Massachusetts General Hospital. Dr. Vogel is focused on cilia (hair like structures in the brain) and their contribution to hydrocephalus during development. He utilizes basic and translational applications to study cellular signaling in hydrocephalus with the goal of developing innovative treatment strategies for this disease.

    Dr. Vogel is a member of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Association of Neurological Surgeons, the American Society of Craniofacial Surgery, the American Society of Human Genetics, the Ciliopathy Alliance, and the Congress of Neurological Society and the Society of Neuroscience.

    Education and Training

    MD: Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY, 2005.

    Residency: University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City, IA, 2011.

    Research Fellowship: Wellman Center for Photomedicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, 2013.

    Pediatric Neurosurgery Fellowship: St. Louis Children’s Hospital, Washington University in St. Louis, Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery, St. Louis, MO, 2013.

    Minimally Invasive Fellowship: Boston Children’s Hospital, Harvard University, Department of Neurosurgery, Boston, MA, 2012.

    Postdoctoral Research Fellowship: Harvard Medical School, Harvard University, Boston, MA, 2012.

    Postdoctoral Research Fellowship: Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, 2010.

    Publications

    Grants

    Primary cilia signaling in CNS progenitors and their role in neonatal hydrocephalus. Principal Investigator. K12 Neurosurgeon Research Career Development Program (NRCDP); National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS); National Institutes of Health (NIH); and Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School. Jan 2014 – Jan 2017.

    Role of neural progenitor cells in the development of neonatal hydrocephalus. Principal Investigator. Hydrocephalus Association’s CSF Production, Flow and Regulation, Therapeutics and Diagnostics Award. Sep 2013-Sep 2016.

    Role of progenitor cells in the development of congenital hydrocephalus. Collaborator. National Institutes of Health. Sep 2013-Sep 2016.


    Advanced Practice Registered Nurses

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    Heidi R. Adkins, MSN, APRN, CNP
    Certified Nurse Practitioner, Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery

    513-636-4726

    heidi.reder@cchmc.org

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    Heidi R. Adkins, MSN, APRN, CNP

    Certified Nurse Practitioner, Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery

    Phone: 513-636-4726

    Email: heidi.reder@cchmc.org

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    Education and Training

    BSN: University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, 2007.

    MSN: Wright State University, Dayton, OH, 2013.

    Certification: Acute Care Pediatric Nurse Practitioner, PNCB, 2013.

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    Mimi N. Miller, MSN, APRN, CNP
    Certified Nurse Practitioner, Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery

    513-271-2129

    mimi.miller@cchmc.org

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    Mimi N. Miller, MSN, APRN, CNP

    Certified Nurse Practitioner, Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery

    Phone: 513-271-2129

    Email: mimi.miller@cchmc.org

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    Specialties

    Clinical

    Pediatrics; neurosurgery

    Biography

    Mary (Mimi) Miller is a pediatric nurse practitioner in the Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center. After a 12 year career as a staff nurse in neurosurgery at Good Samaritan Hospital in neurosurgery, she accepted a position as director of nursing at the CommuniCare Head Injury Rehabilitation Center. She moved to Cincinnati Children’s 25 years ago to pursue a career specializing in care management in pediatric neurosurgery. She received her MSN degree from Northern Kentucky University and eventually earned a position as a nurse practitioner in neurosurgery at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center. Ms. Miller has presented at national AANN, AORN and AANS meetings and international AANN meetings on subjects of minimally invasive neurosurgery. She has collaborated on published manuscripts on a range of subjects including trigeminal neuralgia and neuroendoscopy. She currently participates in inpatient and out-patient care management and is a member of the multidisciplinary Epilepsy Surgery team. 

    Education and Training

    RN: Good Samaritan Hospital School of Nursing, Cincinnati, OH, 1976.

    BSN: University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, 1996.

    MSN: Northern Kentucky University, Highland Heights, KY, 2012.

    Publications