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The Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery is home to specialists with a wide variety of backgrounds and areas of focus. As a team, this diversity makes us better prepared to care for your child’s unique needs. Learn more about our faculty and staff.
Francesco T. Mangano, DO, FACOS
Director, Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery
Director, Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery
Co-Director, Epilepsy Surgery Program
Associate Professor, Division of Pediatric Surgery
Epilepsy surgery; spinal deformity; hydrocephalus; oncology
Epilepsy; spine and spinal cord tumors; spinal deformity; hydrocephalus; cerebrovascular disease
Kadar AA, Hearst MJ, Collins MH, Mangano FT, Samy RN. Ewing's Sarcoma of the Petrous Temporal Bone: Case Report and Literature Review. Skull Base. 2010 May;20(3):213-7.
Seo JH, Holland K, Rose D, Rozhkov L, Fujiwara H, Byars A, Arthur T, DeGrauw T, Leach JL, Gelfand MJ, Miles L, Mangano FT, Horn P, Lee KH. Multimodality imaging in the surgical treatment of children with nonlesional epilepsy. Neurology. 2011 Jan 4;76(1):41-8.
Yuan W, Deren KE, McAllister JP 2nd, Holland SK, Lindquist DM, Cancelliere A, Mason M, Shereen A, Hertzler DA, Altaye M, Mangano FT. Diffusion tensor imaging correlates with cytopathology in a rat model of neonatal hydrocephalus. Cerebrospinal Fluid Res. 2010 Nov 5;7:19.
Hertzler DA 2nd, DePowell JJ, Stevenson CB, Mangano FT. Tethered cord syndrome: a review of the literature from embryology to adult presentation. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Jul;29(1):E1. Review.
Patel NN, Mangano FT, Klimo P Jr. Indirect revascularization techniques for treating moyamoya disease. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 2010 Jul;21(3):553-63. Review.
Air EL, Yuan W, Holland SK, Jones BV, Bierbrauer K, Altaye M, Mangano FT. Longitudinal comparison of pre- and postoperative diffusion tensor imaging parameters in young children with hydrocephalus. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2010 Apr;5(4):385-91.
Desai R, Stevenson CB, Crawford AH, Durrani AA, Mangano FT. C-1 lateral mass screw fixation in children with atlantoaxial instability: case series and technical report. J Spinal Disord Tech. 2010 Oct;23(7):474-9.
Xiang J, Wang Y, Chen Y, Liu Y, Kotecha R, Huo X, Rose DF, Fujiwara H, Hemasilpin N, Lee K, Mangano FT, Jones B, DeGrauw T. Noninvasive localization of epileptogenic zones with ictal high-frequency neuromagnetic signals. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2010 Jan;5(1):113-22.
Yuan W, Mangano FT, Air EL, Holland SK, Jones BV, Altaye M, Bierbrauer K. Anisotropic diffusion properties in infants with hydrocephalus: a diffusion tensor imaging study. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2009 Oct;30(9):1792-8.
Xiang J, Liu Y, Wang Y, Kirtman EG, Kotecha R, Chen Y, Huo X, Fujiwara H, Hemasilpin N, Lee K, Mangano FT, Leach J, Jones B, DeGrauw T, Rose D. Frequency and spatial characteristics of high-frequency neuromagnetic signals in childhood epilepsy. Epileptic Disord. 2009 Jun;11(2):113-25.
Ellen L. Air, MD, PhD
University of Cincinnati College of Medicine
Ellen Air, MD, PhD joined the Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery in September 2011. After earning her doctorate and medical degrees at the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, she completed her residency in neurosurgery with the UC Department of Neurosurgery. Dr. Air continued her training with a fellowship in neurosurgical treatment of epilepsy, movement disorders, and pain at the University of California, San Francisco and San Francisco VA Medical Center. Dr. Air specializes in the use of deep brain stimulation for the treatment of dystonia, a disabling movement disorder which often presents in childhood. She brings particular expertise in the use of real-time magnetic resonance imaging to guide deep brain stimulator placement. This approach allows for highly accurate placement with improved patient comfort. In addition, Dr. Air treats a variety of chronic intractable pain syndromes using spinal cord stimulation which delivers electrical stimulation to the spinal cord, interrupting pain signals traveling to the brain.
In addition to seeing patients at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Dr. Air is in private practice with Mayfield Clinic. She also serves as assistant professor of neurosurgery and director of the Division of Epilepsy at UC, and is a member of the UC Epilepsy Center and the UC Neuroscience Institute.
Dr. Air's professional memberships include the American Association of Neurological Surgeons, Congress of Neurological Surgeons, American Society for Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery, World Society of Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery, Women in Neurosurgery, and the American Medical Association. She is board-eligible with the American Board of Neurological Surgeons (ABNS).
Air EL, Ostrem JL, Sanger TD, Starr PA. Deep brain stimulation in children: experience and technical pearls. J Neurosurg. 2011.
Air EL, Vagal AA, Kendler A, McPherson CM. Isolated cerebellar mucormycosis, slowly progressive over 1 year in an immunocompetent patient. Surg Neurol Int. 2010 Dec 13;1:81. Air EL, Yuan W, Holland SK, Jones BV, Bierbrauer K, Altaye M, Mangano FT. Longitudinal comparison of pre- and postoperative diffusion tensor imaging parameters in young children with hydrocephalus. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2010 Apr;5(4):385-91. Yuan W, Mangano FT, Air EL, Holland SK, Jones BV, Altaye M, Bierbrauer K. Anisotropic diffusion properties in infants with hydrocephalus: a diffusion tensor imaging study. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2009 Oct;30(9):1792-8. Air EL, Leach JL, Warnick RE, McPherson CM. Comparing the risks of frameless stereotactic biopsy in eloquent and noneloquent regions of the brain: a retrospective review of 284 cases. J Neurosurg. 2009 Oct;111(4):820-4. Kissela B, Lindsell CJ, Kleindorfer D, Alwell K, Moomaw CJ, Woo D, Flaherty ML, Air E, Broderick J, Tsevat J. Clinical prediction of functional outcome after ischemic stroke: the surprising importance of periventricular white matter disease and race. Stroke. 2009 Feb;40(2):530-6. Air EL, Ghomri YM, Tyagi R, Grande AW, Crone K, Mangano FT. Management of vagal nerve stimulator infections: do they need to be removed?J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2009 Jan;3(1):73-8.
Air EL and Barbaro NM. Radiosurgery for the Treatment of Epilepsy. In Quinones A (Ed), Schmidek and Sweet’s Operative Neurosurgical Techniques: Indications, Methods, and Results. 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier, 2011.Air EL, Abruzzo TA, Ringer AJ. Embolization of epistaxis. In Connolly ES, McKhann GM, Huang J, Choudhri TF, Komotar RJ, and Mocco J (Eds), Fundamentals of Operative Techniques in Neurosurgery. 2nd ed. New York, NY: Thieme, 2010.
Development of a system for the rapid detection of high-frequency oscillations during epilepsy surgery. Mayfield Neuroscience Research and Education Fund. 2011 - 2012.
Karin Bierbrauer, MD
Faculty Neurosurgeon, Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery
Faculty Neurosurgeon, Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery
Fetal malformations of the brain and spinal cord; spina bifida; tethered cord; head injury
Head injury; biomedical informatics
MD: Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina, 1980-1984
Residency: Neurosurgery, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, 1985-1989
Fellowship: Pediatric Neurosurgery, The Children's Memorial Hospital, Chicago, Illinois
Steven A. Crone, PhD
Assistant Professor, UC Department of Pediatrics
Developmental biology; neurodegenerative disease; neural control of behavior; locomotion; respiration; motor circuits; amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS; spinal muscular atrophy (SMA)
Steven Crone, PhD, is an assistant professor in the Divisions of Neurosurgery and Developmental Biology. He received his BS (with honors) from The Pennsylvania State University in 1995. He received his PhD from the University of California, San Diego while performing his thesis research at The Salk Institute for Biological Studies.
His thesis research demonstrated that the ErbB2 receptor tyrosine kinase is essential for maintenance of the enteric nervous system and prevention of dilated cardiomyopathy. His research has important implications for the treatment of Hirschsprung’s disease, heart disease and ErbB2/Her2 dependent breast cancer.
Dr. Crone performed his postdoctoral work at the University of Chicago where he used transgenic mouse models to label, ablate or alter gene expression in specific interneurons to establish that V2a neurons coordinate limb movement during locomotion and promote a normal breathing rhythm.
He joined Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center in September of 2012 where his laboratory will investigate how motor circuits are altered by injury or disease.
BS: The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, 1995.
PhD: University of California, San Diego and The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, San Diego, CA, 2003.
Postdoctoral: University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, 2012.
Crone SA, Viemari J-C, Droho S, Ramirez J, Mrejeru A, Sharma K. Irregular breathing in mice following genetic ablation of V2a neurons. J Neuroscience. 2012;32(23):7895–7906.
Zhong G, Droho S, Crone SA, Dietz S, Kwan AC, Webb WW, Sharma K, Harris-Warrick R. Electrophysiological characterization of the V2a interneurons and their locomotor-related activity in the neonatal mouse spinal cord. J Neuroscience. 2010;30(1):170-182.
Crone SA, Zhong G, Harris-Warrick R, Sharma K. In mice lacking V2a interneurons, gait depends on speed of locomotion. J Neuroscience. 2009;29(21):7098-7109.
Crone SA, Quinlan KA, Zagoraiou L, Droho S, Restrepo CE, Lundfald L, Endo T, Setlak J, Jessell TM, Kiehn O, Sharma K. Genetic ablation of V2a ipsilateral interneurons disrupts left-right locomotor coordination in mammalian spinal cord. Neuron. 2008;60:70-83.
Joseph NM, Mukouyama Y, Mosher JT, Jaegle M, Crone SA, Dormand E, Lee K-F, Meijer D, Anderson DJ, Morrison SJ. Neural crest stem cells undergo multi-lineage differentiation in developing peripheral nerves to generate endoneurial fibroblasts in addition to Schwann cells. Development. 2004;131:5599-5612.
Crone SA, Negro A, Trumpp A, Giovannini M, Lee K-F. Colonic epithelial expression of ErbB2 is required for postnatal maintenance of the enteric nervous system. Neuron. 2003;37:29-40.
Crone SA, Zhao Y-Y, Fan L, Gu Y, Minamisawa S, Liu Y, Peterson KL, Chen J, Kahn R, Condorelli G, Ross J Jr, Chien KR, Lee K-F. ErbB2 is essential in the prevention of dilated cardiomyopathy. Nature Medicine. 2002;8:459-465.
Crone SA, Lee K-F. Gene targeting reveals multiple essential functions of the neuregulin signaling system during development of the neuroendocrine and nervous systems. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 2002;971:547-553.
Kaspar BK, Vissel B, Bengoechea T, Crone S, Randolph-Moore L, Muller R, Brandon EP, Schaffer D, Verma IM, Lee K-F, Heinemann SF, Gage FH. Adeno-associated virus effectively mediates conditional gene modification in the brain. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA. 2002;99:2320-5.
Kerry R. Crone, MD
Professor, Division of Pediatric Surgery
Minimal access surgery; including endoscopic surgery; chiari malformations; brain tumors; design and implementation of patient safety initiatives and clinical outcomes studies
Chiari malformations; brain tumors; telemedicine
MD: University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, 1978
Residency: Neurosurgery, Bowman-Gray School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC
Fellowship: Pediatric Neurosurgery, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, 1986
Phillips CL, Miles L, Jones BV, Sutton M, Crone K, Fouladi M. Medulloblastoma with melanotic differentiation: case report and review of the literature. J Neurooncol. 2010 Oct 16. Stevenson CB, Leach JL, Gupta A, Crone KR. Cystic degeneration of the cerebellar tonsils in pediatric patients with Chiari Type I malformation. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2009 Dec;4(6):557-63. Air E, Ghomri YM, Tyagi R, Grande AW, Crone K, and Mangano FT. Management of Vagal Nerve Stimulator Infections. Do they need to be removed? J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2009; 3(1): 73-78.Yuan W, Holland S, Jones BV, Crone K, and Mangano FT. Characterization of Abnormal Diffusion Properties of Supratentorial Brain Tumors: A Preliminary DTI Study. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2009; 1(4): 263-269.Agabegi SS, Antekeier DP, Crawford AH, Crone KR. Postlaminectomy kyphosis in an achondroplastic adolescent treated for spinal stenosis. Orthopedics. 2008 Feb;31(2):168. Neely JC 2nd, Jones BV, Crone KR. Spontaneous extracranial decompression of epidural hematoma. Pediatr Radiol. 2008; 38(3):316-8.
Levine NB, Miller MN, Crone KR. Endoscopic resection of colloid cysts: Indications, technique, and results during a 13-year period. Minim Invas Neurosurg. 2007; 50:313-317.
June Goto, PhD
Instructor, Division of Pediatric Surgery
Hydrocephalus; tuberous sclerosis complex; mouse genetic models
BS: Tokyo Gakugei University, 2000.
PhD: University of Tokyo, 2006.
Postdoctral training: University of Tokyo, 2007; Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 2012.
Tsai PT, Greene-Colozzi E, Goto J, Anderl S, Kwiatkowski DJ, Sahin M. Prenatal rapamycin results in early and late behavioral abnormalities in wildtype C57BL/6 mice. Behav Genet. 2013 Jan;43(1):51-9.
Goto J, Talos DM, Klein P, Qin W, Chekaluk YI, Anderl S, Malinowska IA, Di Nardo A, Bronson RT, Chan JA, Vinters HV, Kernie SG, Jensen FE, Sahin M, Kwiatkowski DJ. Regulable neural progenitor-specific Tsc1 loss yields giant cells with organellar dysfunction in a model of tuberous sclerosis complex. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 2011 Nov 8;108(45):E1070-9.
Anderl S, Freeland M, Kwiatkowski DJ, Goto J. Therapeutic value of prenatal rapamycin treatment in a mouse brain model of tuberous sclerosis complex. Hum Mol Genet. 2011 Dec 1;20(23):4597-604.
Sun Q, Chen X, Ma J, Peng H, Wang F, Zha X, Wang Y, Jing Y, Yang H, Chen R, Chang L, Zhang Y, Goto J, Onda H, Chen T, Wang MR, Lu Y, You H, Kwiatkowski D, Zhang H. Mammalian target of rapamycin up-regulation of pyruvate kinase isoenzyme type M2 is critical for aerobic glycolysis and tumor growth. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 2011 Mar 8;108(10):4129-34.
Malhowski AJ, Hira H, Bashiruddin S, Warburton R, Goto J, Robert B, Kwiatkowski DJ, Finlay GA. Smooth muscle protein-22-mediated deletion of Tsc1 results in cardiac hypertrophy that is mTORC1-mediated and reversed by rapamycin. Hum Mol Genet. 2011 Apr 1;20(7):1290-305
Liang MC, Ma J, Chen L, Kozlowski P, Qin W, Li D, Goto J, Shimamura T, Hayes DN, Meyerson M, Kwiatkowski DJ, Wong KK. TSC1 loss synergizes with KRAS activation in lung cancer development in the mouse and confers rapamycin sensitivity. Oncogene. 2010 Mar 18;29(11):1588-97.
Pollizzi K, Malinowska-Kolodziej I, Doughty C, Betz C, Ma J, Goto J, Kwiatkowski DJ. A hypomorphic allele of Tsc2 highlights the role of TSC1/TSC2 in signaling to AKT and models mild human TSC2 alleles. Hum Mol Genet. 2009 Jul 1;18(13):2378-87.
Goto J, Tezuka T, Nakazawa T, Sagara H, Yamamoto T. Loss of Fyn tyrosine kinase on the C57BL/6 genetic background causes hydrocephalus with defects in oligodendrocyte development. Mol Cell Neurosci. 2008 Jun;38(2):203-12.
Nakazawa T, Komai S, Watabe AM, Kiyama Y, Fukaya M, Arima-Yoshida F, Horai R, Sudo K, Ebine K, Delawary M, Goto J, Umemori H, Tezuka T, Iwakura Y, Watanabe M, Yamamoto T, Manabe T. NR2B tyrosine phosphorylation modulates fear learning as well as amygdaloid synaptic plasticity. EMBO J. 2006 Jun 21;25(12):2867-77.
Goto J, Tezuka T, Nakazawa T, Tsukamoto N, Nakamura T, Ajima R, Yokoyama K, Ohta T, Ohki M, Yamamoto T. Altered gene expression in the adult brain of fyn-deficient mice. Cell Mol Neurobiol. 2004 Feb;24(1):149-59.
Charles B. Stevenson, MD
Assistant Professor, Division of Pediatric Surgery
Brain tumors; spasticity; Chiari malformations; fetal surgery; neurovascular disorders; minimal access surgery
Neuro-oncology; epilepsy; spasticity
Hertzler II DA, DePowell JJ, Stevenson CB, Mangano FT. Tethered cord syndrome: a review of the literature from embryology to adult presentation. Neurosurgical Focus. 2010;29(1):E1. Stevenson CB, Desai RR, Crawford AH, Durrani AA, Mangano FT. C-1 lateral mass screw fixation in children with atlantoaxial instability: case series and technical report. Journal of Spinal Disorders and Techniques. 2010 Oct;23(7):474-9. Reig AS, Stevenson CB, Tulipan NT. CT-based, fiducial-free frameless stereotaxy for difficult ventriculoperitoneal shunt insertion: experience in 26 consecutive patients. Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery. 2010; 88(2):75-80. Stevenson CB, Leach JL, Gupta A, Crone KR. Cystic degeneration of the cerebellar tonsils in pediatric patients with Chiari I malformation. J Neurosurg Ped. 2009; 4(6):557-63. McMillan KM, Ehtesham M, Stevenson CB, Edgeworth ML, Thompson RC, Price RR. T2 detection of tumor invasion within segmented components of glioblastoma multiforme. J Mag Reson Imag. 2009; 29(2):251-7. Ehtesham M, Mapara KY, Stevenson CB, Thompson RC. CXCR4 mediates the proliferation of glioblastoma progenitor cells. Cancer Letters. 2009; 274(2):305-12. Ehtesham M, Stevenson CB, Thompson RC. Preferential expression of chemokine receptor CXCR4 by highly malignant human gliomas and its association with poor patient survival. Neurosurgery. 2008; 63(4):E820. Stevenson CB, Ehtesham M, McMillan KM, Valadez JG, Edgeworth ML, Price RR, Abel TW, Mapara KY, Thompson RC. CXCR4 expression is elevated in glioblastoma multiforme and correlates with an increase in intensity and extent of peri-tumoral T2-weighted MRI signal abnormalities. Neurosurgery. 2008;63(3):560-9. Johnson MD, Stevenson CB, Thompson RC, Atkinson J, Boyer P. 31-year-old woman with hemiparesis . Brain Pathology. 2007;17(2):255-7.
Stevenson CB, Crone KR. Head injury. In Operative Pediatric Surgery Ziegler MM, Azizkhan RG, Weber T, von Allmen D (eds.). 2nd Edition. Mcgraw-Hill: New York ,NY, 2012. (In press).
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