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The Division of Plastic Surgery is home to specialists with a wide variety of backgrounds and areas of focus. As a team, this diversity makes us better prepared to care for your child’s unique needs. Learn more about our faculty and staff.
David A. Billmire, MD, FACS, FAAP
Director, Plastic Surgery
Director, Plastic Surgery
Associate Professor, Division of Pediatric Surgery
Craniofacial problems; cleft lip and palate surgery; craniosynostosis surgery
Cellular signaling in craniosynostosis
David A. Billmire, MD, has practiced plastic surgery in the Cincinnati area since 1983. He has centered his practice around pediatric patients, although he accepts select adult patients.
He received his BS and MD from Ohio State University. He completed training in general surgery and plastic surgery at the University of Cincinnati. His fellowship training included pediatric and craniofacial surgery at the Foundation for Craniofacial Deformities at the Baylor University Hospital and Children's Hospital of Dallas, Texas and aesthetic surgery training in Miami, Fla.
Dr. Billmire is the director of Plastic Surgery at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center. He has been at the forefront of craniofacial surgery, introducing craniofacial bone distraction to the Cincinnati area in 1994. He is well known and respected by his colleagues and has organized an annual regional meeting for the exchange of ideas and knowledge.
He has served as the President of the Ohio Valley Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery and a as guest examiner for the qualifying exam of the American Board of Plastic Surgery.
Dr. Billmire's current clinical research centers on facial bone growth after severe burns and chemical signaling defects in craniosynostosis
MD: Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, 1975.
Residency: General Surgery, University of Cincinnati Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio; Plastic Surgery, University of Cincinnati Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Fellowship: Aesthetic Surgery, Miami, Florida; Craniomaxillofacial Surgery, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas, Texas.
Certification: Surgery, 1983; Plastic Surgery, 1985.
Christopher B. Gordon, MD
Assistant Professor, Division of Pediatric Surgery
Maercks RA, Taylor JA, Gordon CB. Endoscopic monobloc advancement with ultrasonic osteotomy: a feasibility study. J Craniofac Surg. 2010 Mar;21(2):479-82.Taylor JA, Maercks RA, Runyan CM, Jones DC, Gordon CB. Endoscopically assisted Le Fort III osteotomy using an ultrasonic scalpel: a feasibility study in cadavers. J Craniofac Surg. 2009 Nov;20(6):2211-4.Taylor JA, Maercks RA, Jones DC, Gordon CB. Endoscopically assisted Le Fort I osteotomy using an ultrasonic scalpel: a feasibility study in cadavers. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2009 Jul;67(7):1420-4.
Yu Lan, PhD
Associate Professor, UC Department of Pediatrics
Yu Lan, PhD, is a developmental geneticist interested in understanding the genetic basis and developmental mechanisms of structural birth defects. Cleft palate is one of the most common birth defects in humans. To understand the molecular and cellular mechanisms of cleft palate pathogenesis, we have been investigating the molecular pathways governing normal palate development in the laboratory mice.
Through gene expression screening, we have identified several putative transcription factor genes with distinct and dynamic expression patterns in the developing mouse palate. Using the gene targeting technology, we have generated mice carrying null or conditional null mutations in some of these transcription factor genes. Analyses of the mutant mice revealed that several of these transcription factors, such as Osr1 and Osr2, play essential roles in palate development. Ongoing investigations focus on delineating the molecular pathways involving these factors in palate development using a combination of genetic, embryological, and biochemical approaches.
PhD: University of Maine, Orono, ME.
Post-doc training: Wesleyan University, Middletown, CT; The Jackson Laboratory, Bar Harbor, ME.
Genetic Basis of Cleft Lip and Palate. Co-Investigator. National Institutes of Health. Apr 2003 - Jan 2013. #R01 DE015207.
Molecular Genetic Analysis of Craniofacial Development. Co-Investigator. National Institutes of Health. Apr 2000 - Jun 2015. #R01 DE013681.
Brian S. Pan, MD
BS: Biology, Creighton University, Omaha, NE, 2000.
MD: Creighton University School of Medicine, Omaha, NE, 2004.
Residency: Integrated Plastic Surgery Residency, University of Cincinnati. Cincinnati, OH, 2009; Chief Plastic Surgery Resident University of Cincinnati. Cincinnati, OH, 2010.
Fellowships: Aesthetic Surgery Visiting Fellowship, Miami, FL 2009; Craniofacial and Pediatric Plastic Surgery Visiting Fellowship The Hospital for Sick Children. Toronto, Ontario, 2011; Craniofacial and Pediatric Plastic Surgery Fellowship Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center. Cincinnati, OH, 2011.
Bookman LA, Melton KR, Pan BS, Bender PL, Chini BA, Greenberg JM, Lim FY, Saal HM, Taylor JA, Elluru RG. Neonates with tongue-based airway obstruction: A systematic review. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2011.Pan BS, Kesselring AA, Kitzmiller WJ. Lower lid subciliary blepharoplasty treatment and management. eMedicine Medscape Reference. 2011 Mar. Read online.
Pan BS, Billmire DA. Pigmented Lesions and Melanoma. In Operative Pediatric Surgery Moritz Ziegler, Thomas Weber and Richard Azizkhan (Eds.). McGraw-Hill, 2011.
Pan BS. Burn Care. In The Mont Reid Surgical Handbook Wolfgang Stehr (Ed.). 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders, 2008.
Pan BS. Thromboembolic Prophylaxis and Management of Deep Vein Thrombosis. In The Mont Reid Surgical Handbook Wolfgang Stehr (Ed.). 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders, 2008.
Ann R. Schwentker, MD
Brachial plexus reconstruction; facial nerve reconstruction; microtia (ear) reconstruction; cleft lip and palate; congenital hand surgery
Burstein FD, Williams JK, Schwentker AR, Nahai F. Intralesional laser therapy treatment for hemangiomas: technical evolution. J Craniofac Surg. 2006 Jul;17(4):756-60.
Rubin JP, Nguyen V, Schwentker A. Perioperative management of the post-gastric-bypass patient presenting for body contour surgery. Clin Plast Surg. 2004 Oct;31(4):601-10, vi. Review. Schwentker A, Billiar TR. Nitric oxide and wound repair. Surg Clin North Am. 2003 Jun;83(3):521-30. Review. Weller R, Schwentker A, Billiar TR, Vodovotz Y. Autologous nitric oxide protects mouse and human keratinocytes from ultraviolet B radiation-induced apoptosis. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2003 May;284(5):C1140-8. Carty SE, Colson YL, Garvey LS, Schuchert VD, Schwentker A, Tzeng E, Corcoran NA, Simmons RL, Webster MW, Billiar TR. Maternity policy and practice during surgery residency: how we do it. Surgery. 2002 Oct;132(4):682-7; discussion 687-8.
Schwentker A, Vodovotz Y, Weller R, Billiar TR. Nitric oxide and wound repair: role of cytokines? Nitric Oxide. 2002 Aug;7(1):1-10. Review. Schwentker A, Billiar TR. Inducible nitric oxide synthase: from cloning to therapeutic applications. World J Surg. 2002 Jul;26(7):772-8. Epub 2002 Apr 18. Review.
Thomas J. Sitzman, MD
Pediatric plastic surgery; quality improvement; outcomes research
Thomas Sitzman, MD, graduated summa cum laude from the University of Virginia in 2001. He obtained his medical degree from Duke University, where he conducted research on the genetics of craniofacial anomalies. Dr. Sitzman completed an integrated residency in Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery at the University of Wisconsin. While in residency he received a grant from the Plastic Surgery Education Foundation to support his work in detection of tissue ischemia.
Dr. Sitzman completed a fellowship in pediatric plastic surgery at the prestigious Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto, Ontario. During his fellowship he obtained advanced training in management of cleft lip and palate, facial reanimation, traumatic and congenital deformities of the upper and lower extremity, sarcoma reconstruction, and brachial plexus reconstruction.
Joining Cincinnati Children’s Hospital in 2012, Dr. Sitzman is a key member of the quality improvement efforts within the Department of Surgery. He has an active practice in plastic surgery at Cincinnati Children’s.
MD: Duke University, Durham, NC, 2006.
Residency: Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics, Madison, WI, 2011.
Fellowship: Pediatric Plastic Surgery, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, ON, 2012.
Sitzman TJ, Hanson SE, King TW, Gutowski KA. Detection of Flap Venous and Arterial Occlusion Using Interstitial Glucose Monitoring in a Rodent Model. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. 2012;126:71.
Sitzman TJ, Hanson SE, Alsheik NH, Gentry LR, Doyle JF, Gutowski KA. Clinical Criteria for Obtaining Maxillofacial CT in Trauma Patients. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. 2011;127:1270.
Sitzman TJ, Girotto J, Marcus JM. Current Surgical Practices in Cleft Care: Unilateral Cleft Lip Repair. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. 2008 May;121:261e-270e.
Kevin P. Yakuboff, MD, FACS
Professor, Division of Pediatric Surgery
Brachial Plexus injury nerve repair, congenital and trauma hand surgery, burn reconstruction; microsurgery
Growth deformities in the burned child; use of external fixation in difficult burn contractures; microsurgical reconstruction of pediatric burn problems; peripheral nerve surgery; brachial plexus reconstruction multi-center trial on early vs. late surgery
MD: St. Louis University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, 1977.
Residencies: General Surgery, University of Cincinnati Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, 1982; Plastic Surgery, University of Cincinnati Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, 1988.
Fellowships: Aesthetic Surgery, Miami, FL, 1987; Microsurgery, Louisville, KY 1988; Hand and Microsurgery, Louisville, Ky. 1990
Certification: Surgery, 1983, 1997; Plastic Surgery, 1992.
Warner P, Fields AL, Braun LC, James LE, Bailey JK, Yakuboff KP, Kagan RJ. Thrombocytopenia in the pediatric burn patient. J Burn Care Res. 2011 May-Jun;32(3):410-4. Warner P, Neely A, Bailey JK, Yakuboff KP, Kagan RJ. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus furunculitis in the outpatient burn setting. J Burn Care Res. 2009 Jul-Aug;30(4):657-60. Warner PM, Yakuboff KP, Kagan RJ, Boyce S, Warden GD. An 18-year experience in the management of congenital nevomelanocytic nevi. Ann Plast Surg. 2008 Mar;60(3):283-7. Boyce ST, Kagan RJ, Greenhalgh DG, Warner P, Yakuboff KP, Palmieri T, Warden GD. Cultured skin substitutes reduce requirements for harvesting of skin autograft for closure of excised, full-thickness burns. J Trauma. 2006 Apr;60(4):821-9. Kagan RJ, Yakuboff KP, Warner P, Warden GD. Surgical treatment of hidradenitis suppurativa: a 10-year experience. Surgery. 2005 Oct;138(4):734-40; discussion 740-1. Warner PM, Kagan RJ, Yakuboff KP, Kemalyan N, Palmieri TL, Greenhalgh DG, Sheridan RL, Mozingo DW, Heimbach DM, Gibran NS, Engrav L, Saffle JR, Edelman LS, Warden GD. Current management of purpura fulminans: a multicenter study. J Burn Care Rehabil. 2003 May-Jun;24(3):119-26.
Boyce ST, Kagan RJ, Yakuboff KP, Meyer NA, Rieman MT, Greenhalgh DG, Warden GD. Cultured skin substitutes reduce donor skin harvesting for closure of excised, full-thickness burns. Ann Surg. 2002 Feb;235(2):269-79.
MacLennan SE, Kitzmiller WJ, Yakuboff KP. Free-tissue transfer for limb salvage in Purpura fulminans. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2001 May;107(6):1437-42. Thai KN, Billmire DA, Yakuboff KP. Total eyelid reconstruction with free dorsalis pedis flap after deep facial burn. Plast Reconstr Surg. 1999 Sep;104(4):1048-51. Boyce ST, Kagan RJ, Meyer NA, Yakuboff KP, Warden GD. The 1999 clinical research award. Cultured skin substitutes combined with Integra Artificial Skin to replace native skin autograft and allograft for the closure of excised full-thickness burns. J Burn Care Rehabil. 1999 Nov-Dec;20(6):453-61.
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