• Stone Disease Conditions

    The Stone Center at Cincinnati Children’s provides coordination of care for infants to young adults. 

    Underlying conditions may increase the risk of stones. Conditions include premature birth, anomalies of the urinary tract, cystic fibrosis, inflammatory bowel disease, chronic urinary tract infections and obesity.

    Other risk factors for kidney stones include high salt intake, excessive vitamin D supplements, seizure medications, ketogenic diet and reduced activity.

    Some types of stones and stone conditions we treat include bladder stones, kidney stones and ureteral stones.

  • The presence of stones (calculi) in the urinary tract.  Children may present with signs of pain, blood in the urine, nausea and vomiting. 
    The presence of stones (calculi) in the kidney(s).  Children may present with signs of pain, blood in the urine, nausea and vomiting.  Children are at an increased risk of kidney stones if there is a family history of kidney stones.

    Sharp, severe pain felt in the back over the kidney, radiating toward the groin, lower abdomen, genital region, or thigh.  This condition can be caused by the passage of stones (calculi) in the kidney(s) or ureter(s).

    A metabolic condition in which the urine contains unusually large amounts of calcium.  The high calcium levels lead to the formation of kidney stones.  Children with hypercalciuria tend to have a positive family history of calcium stones.  If left untreated, hypercalciuria may place a child at risk for decreased bone density and bone strength.

    A hereditary metabolic condition resulting in high levels of the amino acid cystine excreted in the urine.  The presence of cystine in the urine leads to recurrent stone formation.

    Primary hyperoxaluria is an inherited metabolic condition that is characterized by the overproduction of a substance called oxalate (also known as oxalic acid).  The increased secretion of oxalate in the urine can lead to the formation of renal stones, kidney damage, renal failure, and injury of tissues and other organs.  

    A metabolic condition in which a decreased amount of citrate is excreted in the urine.  Citrate is an important element in reducing calcium stone formation.  Hypocitraturia is a correctable condition with proper medical and dietary management. 

    A rare genetic, chronic kidney condition occurring almost exclusively in males.   In Dent disease there is an abnormally large amount of proteins in the urine, excessive calcium in the urine, calcium deposits in the kidneys, and kidney stones.  Progressive kidney problems may lead to failure of kidney function.

  • Treatments

    Treatment options focus on medical management and surgical management of stone conditions.

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  • What to Expect

    The Stone Center is dedicated to helping your child at every stage of diagnosis, treatment and follow-up.

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