Andreas W. Loepke, MD, PhD

Staff Anesthesiologist, Division of Cardiac Anesthesia

Academic Affiliation


UC Department of Pediatrics

Phone 513-636-4408

Fax 513-636-7337

Anesthesia for neonates; congenital heart surgery; single-ventricle physiology

 Visit the Loepke Lab.

Andreas W. Loepke, MD, PhD, has been practicing pediatric cardiac anesthesiology since 2000, first at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, and since 2003 at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center.

Dr. Loepke’s research laboratory investigates the potential use of anesthetics for neurological protection during brain ischemia as well as their possible adverse effects on brain development. His research group discovered in animals that anesthetics differentially affect brain regions, dependent on the age during exposure. Related to these findings, his lab made the discovery that neurons are susceptible to the anesthetics’ toxic effects during a specifically vulnerable stage of their development.

MD: University of Dusseldorf, Germany, 1993.

PhD: University of Dusseldorf, Germany, 1995.

Internship: General Surgery, Pennsylvania Hospital, Philadelphia, PA, 1996.

Residency: Anesthesiology, Thomas Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, PA, 1999.

Fellowship: Pediatric Anesthesia and Pediatric Cardiac Anesthesia, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, 2000.

Certification: Anesthesiology, 2000.

Maintenance of Certification: Anesthesiology, 2010.

View PubMed Publications

Hofacer RD, Deng M, Ward CG, Joseph B, Hughes EA, Jiang C, Danzer SC, Loepke AW. Cell-age specific vulnerability of neurons to anesthetic toxicity. Ann Neurol. 2013.

Istaphanous GK, Ward CG, Nan X, Hughes EA, McCann JC, McAuliffe JJ, Danzer, SC, Loepke AW. Characterization and Quantification of Isoflurane-Induced Developmental Apoptotic Cell Death In Mouse Cerebral Cortex. Anes Analg. 2013; 116(4): 845-54.

Mintz CD, Wagner M, Loepke AW. Preclinical research into the effects of anesthetics on the developing brain: promises and pitfalls. J Neurosurg Anesthesiol. 2012; 24(4): 362-7.

Istaphanous GK, Howard J, Nan X, Hughes EA, McCann JC, McAuliffe JJ, Danzer SC, Loepke AW. Comparison of the Neuroapoptotic Properties of Equipotent Anesthetic Concentrations of Desflurane, Isoflurane, or Sevoflurane in Neonatal Mice. Anesthesiology. 2011; 114(3): 578-87.

Loepke AW. Developmental Neurotoxicity of Sedatives and Anesthetics – A Concern For Neonatal and Pediatric Critical Care Medicine?  Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2010; 11(2): 217-226.

McAuliffe JJ, Loepke AW, Miles L, Joseph B, Hughes E, Vorhees CV. Desflurane, Isoflurane and Sevoflurane Provide Limited Neuroprotection Against Neonatal Hypoxia-Ischemia in a Delayed-Preconditioning Paradigm. Anesthesiology. 2009; 111(3): 533-46.

Loepke AW, Istaphanous GK, McAuliffe JJ, Miles L, Hughes EA, McCann JC, Harlow KE, Kurth CD, Williams MT, Vorhees CV, Danzer SC. The Effects of Neonatal Isoflurane Exposure in Mice on Brain Cell Viability, Adult Behavior, Learning, and Memory. Anesth Analg. 2009; 108(1): 90-104.

Loepke AW, Soriano SG. An Assessment of the Effects Of General Anesthetics on Developing Brain Structure and Neurocognitive Function. Anesth Analg. 2008; 106: 1681-1707.

Loepke AW, McCann JC, Kurth CD, McAuliffe JJ. Physiologic Effects of Isoflurane Anesthesia in Neonatal Mice. Anesth Analg. 2006; 102: 75-80.

Loepke AW, Priestley MA, Schultz SE, McCann JC, Kurth CD. Desflurane Improves Outcome After Low-Flow Cardiopulmonary Bypass in Newborn Pigs. Anesthesiology. 2002; 97: 1521-7.