20110261-TVEC: A Phase 1, Multi-center, Open-label, Dose De-escalation Study to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of Talimogene Laherparepvec in Pediatric Subjects with Advanced Non Central Nervous System Tumors That are Amenable to Direct Injection

Why are we doing this research?


This is a phase 1 study to evaluate the safety of intralesional talimogene laherparepvec administration in pediatric subjects with advanced non-CNS tumors that are amenable to direct injection.


  • This is a phase 1, multicenter, open-label study of talimogene laherparepvec in pediatric subjects with advanced non-CNS tumors that are amenable to direct injection in the clinical setting. Approximately 18 treated pediatric subjects are expected to be enrolled into 2 cohorts stratified by age (permissible based on the incidence of DLTs, a minimum of 6 subjects/cohort and a minimum of 18 subjects total). DLT will be evaluated based on 6 to 12 DLT-evaluable subjects in each cohort. The DLT evaluation period is 35 days from the initial administration of talimogene laherparepvec.

Study Type: Interventional
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: No masking
Primary Purpose: Treatment

Who can participate?


Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subject's legally acceptable representative has provided informed consent/assent when the subject is legally too young to provide informed consent/assent and the subject has provided written assent based on local regulations and/or guidelines prior to any study-specific activities/procedures being initiated.
  • Should be willing to submit local HSV-1 serostatus within 28 days prior to enrollment.
  • Subject must be a candidate for intralesional injection, defined as one or more of the following:
    • at least 1 injectable lesion ≥ 10 mm in longest diameter • multiple injectable lesions that in aggregate have a longest diameter of ≥ 10 mm
  • Life expectancy > 4 months from the date of enrollment.
  • Male or female subjects 2 to ≤ 21 years of age at the time of informed consent/assent.
  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed non-CNS solid tumor that recurred after standard/frontline therapy, or for which there is no standard/frontline therapy available.
  • Presence of measurable or non-measurable lesions as defined by irRC-RECIST
  • Performance status as per protocol
  • Adequate organ function as per protocol.
  • Female subject of childbearing potential should have a negative urine or serum pregnancy test within 72 hours prior to dosing.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosis of leukemia, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, Hodgkin's disease, or other hematologic malignancy.
  • Radiotherapy to the bone marrow within 6 weeks prior to enrollment OR within3 months prior to enrollment if prior radiotherapy to the craniospinal axis or to at least 60% of the pelvis was received; within 2 weeks prior to enrollment if local palliative radiotherapy was received.
  • CNS tumor or clinically active brain metastases.
  • Primary ocular or mucosal melanoma.
  • History or evidence of giant congenital melanocytic nevi, dysplastic nevis syndrome or xeroderma pigmentosum.
  • History of other malignancy within the past 5 years with the following exception:
    • malignancy treated with curative intent and with no known active disease present and has not received chemotherapy for > 5 years before enrollment and felt to be at low risk for recurrence by the treating physician.
  • History or evidence of active autoimmune disease that requires systemic treatment (ie, with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids or immunosuppressive drugs). Replacement therapy (eg, thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency, etc.) is not considered a form of systemic treatment.
  • Active herpetic skin lesions or prior complications of herpetic infection (eg, herpetic keratitis or encephalitis).
  • Prior treatment with talimogene laherparepvec or any other oncolytic virus.
  • Prior treatment with a tumor vaccine.
  • Requires intermittent or chronic treatment with an antiherpetic drug (eg, acyclovir), other than intermittent topical use.
  • Currently receiving treatment in another investigational device or drug study, or less than 28 days since ending treatment on another investigational device or drug study(ies). Other investigational procedures while participating in this study are excluded.
  • Major surgery . 28 days prior to enrollment.
  • Expected to require other cancer therapy while on study with the exception of local palliative radiation treatment.
  • Has acute or chronic active hepatitis B virus or hepatitis C virus infection or received treatment with nucleotide analogs such as those used in the treatment of hepatitis B virus (eg, lamivudine, adefovir, tenofovir, telbivudine, and entecavir), ribavirin, or interferon alpha within 12 weeks of initiation of study treatment.
  • Known or suspected human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection.
  • Received live vaccine within 28 days prior to enrollment.
  • No antiplatelet or anticoagulation medications allowed within 7 days prior to talimogene laherparepvec injection except low-dose heparin needed to maintain venous catheter patency.
  • Female subject is pregnant or breast-feeding, or planning to become pregnant during study treatment and through 3 months after the last dose of talimogene laherparepvec.
  • Female subject of childbearing potential who is unwilling to use acceptable method(s) of effective contraception during study treatment and through 3 months after the last dose of talimogene laherparepvec. Note: Acceptable methods of effective contraception are defined in the informed consent/assent form. Where required by local laws and regulations, additional country-specific contraception requirements may be outlined in a country-specific protocol supplement at the end of the Appendix Section of protocol.
  • Sexually active subjects and their partners unwilling to use a male or female latex condom to avoid potential viral transmission during sexual contact while on treatment and within 30 days after treatment with talimogene laherparepvec.
  • Subject has known sensitivity to any of the products or components to be administered during dosing.
  • Subject likely to not be available to complete all protocol-required study visits or procedures, and/or to comply with all required study procedures to the best of the subject and investigator's knowledge.
  • History or evidence of any psychiatric disorder, substance abuse or any other clinically significant disorder, condition or disease (with the exception of those outlined above) that, in the opinion of the investigator or Amgen physician, if consulted, would pose a risk to subject safety or interfere with the study evaluation, procedures or completion.
  • Subject who is unwilling to minimize exposure with his/her blood or other body fluids to individuals who are at higher risks for HSV-1 induced complications (immunosuppressed individuals, HIV-positive individuals, pregnant women, or children under the age of 1 year) during talimogene laherparepvec treatment and through 28 days after the last dose of talimogene laherparepvec.
  • Evidence of clinically significant immunosuppression


  • 2 Years to 21 Years


  • Neuroblastoma Relapse - Refractory
  • Sarcoma Osteosarcoma Relapse
  • Sarcoma Ewing Relapse
  • Sarcoma Rhabdomyosarcoma Relapse
  • Brain Spinal Neurofibromatosis Sarcoma MPNST Relapse
  • Liver Relapse - Refractory
  • Kidney Relapse - Refractory
  • Solid Tumor Retinoblastoma Relapse - Refractory
  • Solid Tumor Neurofibromatosis Sarcoma MPNST Relapse - Refractory
  • Solid Tumor Melanoma Relapse - Refractory
  • Solid Tumor Germ Cell Tumor Relapse - Refractory
  • Solid Tumors - All Other
  • Adult - Brain Spinal Neurofibromatosis Sarcoma MPNST Relapse
  • Adult - Sarcoma Osteosarcoma Relapse
  • Adult - Sarcoma Ewing Relapse
  • Adult - Sarcoma Rhabdomyosarcoma Relapse
  • Adult - Neuroblastoma Relapse - Refractory
  • Adult - Liver Relapse - Refractory
  • Adult - Kidney Relapse - Refractory
  • Adult - Solid Tumor Retinoblastoma Relapse - Refractory
  • Adult - Solid Tumor Neurofibromatosis Sarcoma MPNST Relapse - Refractory
  • Adult - Solid Tumor Melanoma Relapse - Refractory
  • Adult - Solid Tumor Germ Cell Tumor Relapse - Refractory
  • Adult - Solid Tumors - All Other


Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center
Division of Hematology/Oncology
3333 Burnet Ave.
Cincinnati OH 45229-3039

Phone: 513-636-2799