Why are we doing this research?
This phase III trial compares the effect of vinorelbine with vincristine, dactinomycin, and cyclophosphamide (VAC) followed by vinorelbine and cyclophosphamide versus VAC followed by vinorelbine and cyclophosphamide for the treatment of high risk rhabdomyosarcoma. Chemotherapy drugs, such as vinorelbine, vincristine, dactinomycin, and cyclophosphamide, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving vinorelbine and VAC may kill more tumor cells. Adding maintenance therapy (vinorelbine and cyclophosphamide) after VAC therapy, with or without vinorelbine, may help get rid of the cancer and/or lower the chance that the cancer comes back.