Why are we doing this research?
Cincinnati Children’s is conducting a research study, sometimes known as a clinical trial or clinical study, to learn how children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) learn words through everyday social interaction, such as play with a caregiver, and multimodal social cues, like gaze and gesture.
Who can participate?
Infants and children, 10 months to 6 years old, with a professional diagnosis of ASD may be eligible for participation. One or both parents will also be asked to participate.
What will happen in the study?
If your child qualifies and you decide you want to be in this research study, you and your child will come to Cincinnati Children’s for 1 visit lasting about 60 minutes.
During this study, study staff will videotape you playing with your child for 20 minutes (either with toys provided by us or already owned by you). Sometimes you and your child will play together, and sometimes your child will play by him or herself while you are in the room.
While playing, you and your child will wear an eye-tracking device with two mini video cameras that allows us to record gestures and attention. You and your child may also wear motion sensors, much like lightweight gloves, to monitor movements.
At the end of the study we may show your child a series of 2 toys and say 1 name. We will record which object your child reaches for, points at, or looks at. There are no right or wrong answers. We may also ask your child to respond to questions about pictures they are shown.
You may be asked to fill out a checklist of early words, phrases, and/or gestures of the words your child currently understands and/or says.
If you are interested, the study team may ask if you would be willing to come back for follow-up testing or an additional session.
Parents/guardians interested in having their child participate will be given a consent form that thoroughly explains all of the details of the study. A member of the study staff will review the consent form with you and will be sure that all of your questions are answered.
What are the good things that can happen from this research?
Being in this study may not help your child right now. When we finish the study, we hope to know more information about how people link words to object categories. This may help other children with ASD later on.
What are the bad things that can happen from this research?
While participating in the study, if your child should want to discontinue participation, for any reason at any time, the study will be stopped.
A detailed list of possible side effects will be provided to those parents or guardians interested in knowing more about this study.