Specific treatment for aphthous stomatitis will be determined by your child's physician based on:
- Your child's age, overall health and medical history
- Extent of the disease
- Your child's tolerance for specific medications, procedures or therapies
- Expectations for the course of the disease
- Your opinion or preference
The goal of treatment for aphthous stomatitis is to help decrease the severity of the symptoms. Since it is a viral infection, antibiotics are ineffective. Treatment may include:
- Increased fluid intake (i.e., water, Gatorade, Pedialyte, popsicles)
- Acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Motrin) for any fever or pain. Do not give ibuprofen to children under the age of 6 months old.
- Proper oral hygiene (brush teeth)
- Topical medications (to help decrease the pain of the ulcers); use Vaseline on dry lips
- Mouth rinses (to help ease the pain); salt water (½ teaspoon of table salt mixed with 8 ounces of water)
It is especially important for your child to avoid spicy, salty or acidic foods, or anything else that may cause further mouth irritation.