Cystoscopy (Bladder Scope)

Cystoscopy is a procedure that allows the surgeon to see directly into the lower urinary tract (bladder and urethra). A lighted, tubular telescope-like instrument called a cystoscope is placed into the bladder through the urethra.

This test is done for many reasons. It is to look for problems associated with bleeding or pain. It can be done to look for obstruction of the urinary tract or to look for kidney stones. It can also be used to detect problems with the lining of the bladder.

Water flows through the cystoscope so the surgeon can see the bladder, urethra and the insertion of the ureters into the bladder. X-rays may be done along with cystoscopy to look for different problems with the ureter or kidney. It is done under general anesthesia so your child will feel no pain.

You will be given eating and drinking instructions because this procedure is done under general anesthesia. Your child will need to follow these instructions the night before the cystoscopy.

After the cystoscopy is completed, your child will be taken to the post anesthesia care unit (PACU). This is where your child will wake up from the anesthesia. The surgeon will discuss with you the findings immediately after the procedure.

Urine may be blood-tinged for one to two days after the procedure. There may also be some pain and burning during urination for the first 24 hours afterwards. Encourage your child to drink plenty of fluids, such as water, non-citrus juices and non-carbonated fluids. You may also give acetaminophen (Tylenol) as directed and have your child sit in a tub of warm water to urinate.

Avoid substances that can irritate the bladder. These include soda, citrus juices and fruits, caffeine-containing drinks and chocolate.

Generally, return to day care, school or work can occur the next day.

Call your child's doctor if there is great difficulty urinating, no urination for eight hours since discharge home, a fever above 101 that occurs 24 hours after the cystoscopy, or if there is passage of bright red blood or blood clots in the urine.

Last Updated 04/2015