Because of its size, the liver is the most easily injured abdominal organ in children. Most liver injuries are caused by blunt trauma from motor vehicle crashes, falls, bicycle crashes and violence. A liver injury may also result from a gunshot wound or knife wound that tears or cuts the liver. These types of injuries are known as penetrating injuries.
Located in the right upper area of the abdomen, the liver is right below the diaphragm.
Function of the Liver
The liver is the largest solid organ in the body and is necessary for survival. The liver:
- Makes bile, which helps with digestion
- Filters and cleans the blood and helps remove bacteria
- Stores carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals
- Makes proteins, glucose and clotting factors
- Breaks down hormones and certain drugs