School-Age (6 to 12 Years)

While all children may grow at a different rate, the following indicates the average for school-aged children 6 to 12 years old.

  • Weight: average gain of about 5 to 7 pounds a year
  • Height: average growth of about 2.5 inches per year

As your child continues to grow, you will notice new and exciting abilities that your child develops. While children may progress at different rates and have various interests, the following are some of the common milestones children may reach in this age group.

6- to 7-year-olds: 

  • Enjoy many activities and stays busy
  • Like to paint and draw
  • May lose first tooth
  • Vision is as sharp as an adult's
  • Practice skills in order to become better
  • Jump rope
  • Ride a bike

8- to 9-year-olds: 

  • More graceful with movements and abilities
  • Jump, skip and chase
  • Dress and groom self completely
  • Can use tools (hammer, screwdriver)

10- to 12-year-olds: 

  • Remainder of adult teeth will develop
  • Like to sew and paint

As children enter into school-age, their abilities and understanding of concepts and the world around them continue to grow. While children may progress at different rates, the following are some of the common milestones children may reach in this age group.

6- to 7-year-olds: 

  • Understand concept of numbers
  • Know daytime and nighttime
  • Know right and left hands
  • Can copy complex shapes, such as a diamond
  • Can tell time
  • Can understand commands with three separate instructions
  • Can explain objects and their use
  • Can repeat three numbers backwards
  • Can read age-appropriate books and / or materials

8- to 9-year-olds: 

  • Can count backwards
  • Know the date
  • Read more and enjoy reading
  • Understand fractions
  • Understand concept of space
  • Draw and paint
  • Can name months and days of week, in order
  • Enjoy collecting objects

10- to 12-year-olds: 

  • Write stories
  • Like to write letters
  • Read well
  • Enjoy using the telephone

A very important part of growing up is the ability to interact and socialize with others. During the school-age years, parents will see a change in their child as he / she moves from playing alone to having multiple friends and social groups. While friendships become more important, the child is still fond of his / her parents and likes being part of a family. While every child is unique and will develop different personalities, the following are some of the common behavioral traits that may be present in your child.

6- to 7-year-olds: 

  • Cooperate and share
  • Will cheat, if able
  • Jealous of others and siblings
  • Like to copy adults
  • Like to play alone, but friends are becoming important
  • Play with friends of the same gender
  • May have temper tantrums
  • Modest about body
  • Like to play board games

8- to 9-year-olds: 

  • Like competition and games
  • Start to mix friends and play with children of the opposite gender
  • Modest about body
  • Enjoy clubs and groups, such as Boy Scouts or Girl Scouts
  • Become interested in boy-girl relationships, but does not admit it

10- to 12-year-olds: 

  • Friends are very important; may have a best friend
  • Increased interest in the opposite gender
  • Likes and respects parents
  • Enjoy talking to others
  • Offer compliments for your child being cooperative and for any personal achievements
  • Help your child choose activities that are appropriate for your child's abilities
  • Encourage your child to talk with you and be open with his / her feelings
  • Encourage your child to read
  • Encourage your child to get involved with hobbies and other activities
  • Encourage physical activity
  • Encourage self-discipline; expect your child to follow rules that are set
  • Teach your child to respect and listen to authority figures
  • Encourage your child to talk about peer pressure and help set guidelines to deal with peer pressure

Last Updated 05/2013