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Uveitis is inflammation of part or all of the uveal tract, the layer under the white part of the eye. The uveal tract is made up of three parts:
There are several different types of uveitis. The types get their names based on the part of the eye that is affected.
Inflammation of the iris and/or ciliary body. It is also known as iritis or iridocyclitis.
Inflammation of the ciliary body and may extend to the nearby vitreous humor. This type of uveitis is also known as pars planitis.
Inflammation of the choroid and may extend to the nearby retina and/or vitreous humor.
Inflammation of all parts of the uveal tract.
These types of uveitis can also be labeled as granulomatous (gran-u-lo-ma-tis) or non-granulomatous. Granulomas refer to the kind of inflammatory cells that are present. These can be identified with an eye exam by your eye doctor, or by a biopsy of the tissue in the eye.
The uveitis associated with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is an anterior uveitis that has no symptoms initially. This type of uveitis is more common in patients:
However, everyone with JIA needs to get periodic eye slit lamp exams to check for uveitis. The eye inflammation can also occur when the joint disease is inactive. The frequency of eye exams will depend on your child's risk of developing eye problems. Your doctor will tell you how often you should get eye exams.
Complications will vary from child to child. Some children may not get any complications. Complications may occur due to the inflammation or sometimes from the medications. Possible complications that may occur.
All of the complications could possibly lead to an element of visual loss. However, your child's eye doctor will closely monitor for any problems.
If complications do occur, different treatments are available. If your child develops complications, it may prompt your eye doctor to recommend changes in treatment plan.
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