Management of vascular malformations is dependent upon the type and location of the malformation as well as its depth.
Observation and the use of supportive treatments (e.g., compression garments and drug therapy) are sometimes recommended.
For lesions that are only superficial, laser therapy is commonly used.
Lesions that are deep may, however, require surgical removal and other therapies. While surgery is complex and was previously associated with the risk of blood loss, advances in technology now enable removal to be more safely performed.
The management of combined vascular lesions is far more complex, and usually requires evaluation and treatment by a multidisciplinary team.