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The Limb Lengthening and Reconstruction Center at Cincinnati Children's is home to specialists with a variety of backgrounds and areas of focus. As a team, this diversity makes us better prepared to care for your child's unique needs.
James J. McCarthy, MD, MHCM Director, Pediatric Orthopaedic Surgery
Director, Pediatric Orthopaedic Surgery
Alvin Crawford Chair in Pediatric Orthopaedics
Professor, UC Department of Orthopedic Surgery
Treatment of pediatric hip disorders; complex limb and spine deformities (e.g., scoliosis); gait analysis in children with neuromuscular disorders
Dr. McCarthy is a professor for the Department of Orthopaedics Surgery at the University of Cincinnati as well as the director of Pediatric Orthopaedic Surgery and the Alvin L. Crawford chair in pediatric orthopaedics at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center. He is the current chair and vice president of the POSNA Quality, Safety and Value Initiative. He was initially trained as an engineer at the University of Wisconsin, attended medical school at the University of North Carolina and completed his residency in at the Cleveland Clinic Foundation. He recently completed his master’s degree in health care management at Harvard.
MD: The University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC, 1991.Residency: The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, OH, 1996.Fellowship: The Children's Hospital, Denver, CO, 1997.Certification: Board Certified, American Board of Orthopaedic Surgeons.
MHCM: Harvard School of Public Health.
McCarthy JJ, Iobst CA, Rozbruch SR, Sabharwal S, Eismann EA. Limb Lengthening and Reconstruction Society AIM index reliably assesses lower limb deformity. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2013 Feb;471(2):621-7.
Schaffzin JK, Prichard H, Bisig J, Gainor P, Wolfe K, Solan LG, Webster L, McCarthy JJ. A collaborative system to improve compartment syndrome recognition. Pediatrics. 2013 Dec;132(6):e1672-9.
Ravish M, Muldowney B, Becker A, Hetzel S, McCarthy JJ, Nemeth BA, Noonan KJ. Pain management in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis undergoing posterior spinal fusion: combined intrathecal morphine and continuous epidural versus PCA. J Pediatr Orthop. 2012 Dec;32(8):799-804.
Lykissas MG, Jain VV, Manickam V, Nathan S, Eismann EA, McCarthy JJ. Guided growth for the treatment of limb length discrepancy: a comparative study of the three most commonly used surgical techniques. J Pediatr Orthop B. 2013 Jul;22(4):311-7.
Lykissas MG, McCarthy JJ. Should all unstable slipped capital femoral epiphysis be treated open? J Pediatr Orthop. 2013 Jul-Aug;33 Suppl 1:S92-8. Review.
McCarthy JJ, Armstrong DG, Davey JP, Epps HR, Gerardi JA, Kanel JS, Mehlman CT, Roach JW, Schwend RM, Smith BG, Ward WT. The current medical practice of the pediatric orthopaedic surgeon in North America. J Pediatr Orthop. 2011 Apr-May;31(3):223-6.
McCarthy JJ, Davidson RS, Ast MP, Cavorsi GM, Swick J. Sagittal plane deformity during femoral lengthening. Orthopedics. 2011 Oct 5;34(10):e602-4.
Flannery W, Balts J, McCarthy JJ, Swick J, Noonan KJ, Olson J. Are terminally threaded guide pins from cannulated screw systems dangerous? Orthopedics. 2011 Aug 8;34(8):e374-7.
McCarthy JJ, Noonan KJ, Nemke B, Markel M. Guided growth of the proximal femur: a pilot study in the lamb model. J Pediatr Orthop. 2010 Oct-Nov;30(7):690-4.
Viral V. Jain, MD Orthopaedic Surgeon
Assistant Professor, UC Department of Orthopedic Surgery
Spinal deformitie; minimally invasive spine surgeries; limb lengthening and reconstruction; pediatric hip disorders
Growth of immature spine; health of intervertebral disk
Wall EJ, Jain V, Vora V, Mehlman CT, Crawford AH. Complications of titanium and stainless steel elastic nail fixation of pediatric femoral fractures. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2008 Jun;90(6):1305-13.
Jain V, Crawford A. Re: Hoernschemeyer D, Farjoodi P, Cheng J, et al. A study of the cutaneous nerves encountered during thoracoplasty. Letter to the Editor. Spine 2007 32:301-5.
Jain VV, Mehlman CT. Closed reduction and spica cast application for the treatment of femoral shaft fracture. In Wiesel S. Operative Techniques in Orthopedic Surgery. New York, Thieme.
Crawford AH, Jain VV. Neurofibromatosis. In Akbarnia B, Thompson G: Growing Spine: Management of Spine Disorders in the Young Child. Philadelphia, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Charles T. Mehlman, DO, MPH Director, Musculoskeletal Outcomes Research
Director, Musculoskeletal Outcomes Research
Co-Director, Brachial Plexus Center
Professor, Division of Pediatric Surgery
Musculoskeletal outcomes research; orthopaedic trauma; bone tumors; arthroscopic surgery; shoulder and elbow surgery; spine surgery; foot and ankle surgery; limb deficiencies in children
Pediatric outcomes: quality of life following traumatic injury, traction and casting versus flexible intramedullary nailing of femoral fractures in children; brachial plexus injuries; effectiveness of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery in the management of pediatric spinal deformity biomechanical study of Nancy nails, outcomes following pediatric thoracolumbar spinal trauma; medical soft-tissue release and petrie casting for the treatment of Legg-Calve-Perthes disease; perioperative complications associated with operative treatment of supracondylar humeral fractures in children; undisplaced fractures of the distal radius and ulna in children -- risk factors for displacement; talus fractures in children; complications associated with the use of meniscal arrows in children; effectiveness of halo-femoral traction in the management of severe spinal deformity; orthopaedic injuries in children secondary to airbag deployment; buckle fractures of the distal radius and ulna -- risk factors for displacement; hip problems associated with Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome and effectiveness of flexible intramedullary nailing of pediatric tibia fractures
Talbert RJ, Michaud LJ, Mehlman CT, Kinnett DG, Laor T, Foad SL, Schnell B, Salisbury S. EMG and MRI are Independently Related to Shoulder External Rotation Function in Neonatal Brachial Plexus Palsy. J Pediatr Orthop. 2011 Mar;31(2):194-204.
Parikh SN, Wells L, Mehlman CT, Scherl SA. Management of fractures in adolescents. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2010 Dec 15;92(18):2947-58. Review.
Bowman EN, Mehlman CT, Lindsell CJ, Tamai J. Nonoperative treatment of both-bone forearm shaft fractures in children: predictors of early radiographic failure. J Pediatr Orthop. 2011 Jan-Feb;31(1):23-32.
Gammon SR, Mehlman CT, Chan W, Heifetz J, Durrett G, Wall EJ. A comparison of thoracolumbosacral orthoses and SpineCor treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients using the Scoliosis Research Society standardized criteria. J Pediatr Orthop. 2010 Sep;30(6):531-8.
White L, Mehlman CT, Crawford AH. Perfused, pulseless, and puzzling: a systematic review of vascular injuries in pediatric supracondylar humerus fractures and results of a POSNA questionnaire. J Pediatr Orthop. 2010 Jun;30(4):328-35. Review.
Babal JC, Mehlman CT, Klein G. Nerve injuries associated with pediatric supracondylar humeral fractures: a meta-analysis. J Pediatr Orthop. 2010 Apr-May;30(3):253-63.
McCarty ME, Mehlman CT, Tamai J, Do TT, Crawford AH, Klein G. Spondylolisthesis: intraobserver and interobserver reliability with regard to the measurement of slip percentage. J Pediatr Orthop. 2009 Oct-Nov;29(7):755-9.
McGraw MA, Mehlman CT, Lindsell CJ, Kirby CL. Postnatal growth of the clavicle: birth to 18 years of age. J Pediatr Orthop. 2009 Dec;29(8):937-43.
Mehlman CT, Yihua G, Bochang C, Zhigang W. Operative treatment of completely displaced clavicle shaft fractures in children. J Pediatr Orthop. 2009 Dec;29(8):851-5.
Foad SL, Mehlman CT, Foad MB, Lippert WC. Prognosis following neonatal brachial plexus palsy: an evidence-based review. J Child Orthop. 2009 Nov 3.
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