CPR and Rescue Breathing for Children with Tracheostomy (Ages 1 to 12 years)+

You arrive on the scene: Check the scene for safety

Check the child for consciousness. Gently tap the shoulder and shout. 

No Response

Call 911 immediately.  

If the child is lying on his stomach, turn him over onto his back. The child should be lying on a hard flat surface.

Check for Breathing and Signs of Life

Watch their chest for any normal movement.  Look for signs of life and breathing for no more than 10 seconds.

No Breathing or Signs of Life

Begin CPR:

1. Position the heel of one hand on the center of the child's chest; place your other hand on top.

2. With your elbows locked and straight, lean over the child’s chest and compress the chest 2 inches in depth 30 times. 

3. After the compressions, give breaths using a resuscitation bag attached to the trach.  Gently squeeze the bag and give 2 breaths – just enough to make the chest rise.

4. Continue with 30 compressions / 2 breaths, 30 compressions / 2 breaths, etc. 

If Breaths Do Not Make Chest Rise

a. Suction the trach tube. If the trach has an inner cannula, remove it and suction the length of the trach tube.

b. Change the trach if it is plugged or dislodged.

c. Give 2 breaths to the trach using a resuscitation bag.

Continue CPR until you see signs of life, another rescuer takes over, or help arrives. 

For additional information on this Health Topic, call the CPR Department,  513-636-1096, or call your pediatrician. 

The Center for Professional Excellence / Education at Cincinnati Children’s offers community CPR and first aid classes for families. Classes are conveniently held during evening and weekend hours at various locations. 

Call 513-636-1096 for more information or to see which class best serves your needs.


Last Updated 06/2014

Click Image to Watch Video

Click image to watch how-to video.

This video demonstrates proper techniques when providing rescue breathing and CPR for children ages 1 to 12 with a tracheostomy. 

BE ADVISED: This is not a certification for CPR.