Health Topics

CPR and Rescue Breathing for Infants with Tracheostomy (Newborn to 1 Year)

You arrive on the scene: Check the scene for safety

1. Check for consciousness. Gently tap the shoulder or flick the bottom of the heel. 

No Response

2. Call 911.

Check for Breathing and a Pulse

If the infant is lying on his stomach, turn him over onto his back. Put your ear close to the baby's trach.  Look, listen and feel for breathing. With two fingers feel for a pulse on the inside of the baby's upper arm. At the same time look for signs of life and for breathing for 10 seconds.

No Breathing:

a. Suction the trach tube. If the trach has an inner cannula, remove it and suction the length of the trach tube.

b. Change the trach if it is plugged or dislodged.

c. Give two breaths to the trach, using a resuscitation bag.

Breaths Go In: Pulse, But No Breathing

Begin Rescue Breathing

a. Place the resuscitation bag on the trach and give one breath every three seconds. Count to yourself (1-1000, 2-1000, breath, etc.).

b. Recheck for signs of life every two minutes or  40 breathes.

No Pulse and No Breathing:

Begin CPR

a. Position two or three fingers on the center of the breastbone, just below the nipple line. 

b. Compress the chest  1½ inches in depth 30 times.  Give two breaths using the resuscitation bag (continue with 30 compressions / two breaths, 30 compressions / two breaths, etc.).

Continue CPR until another rescuer takes over, you see signs of life or help arrives.  If you witness a sudden collapse, call 911.  No pulse, no breathing, begin CPR.

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Education Opportunities


Last Updated: 08/2013

Click Image to Watch Video

Click image to watch how-to video.

This video demonstrates proper techniques when providing rescue breathing and CPR for infants with a tracheostomy. 

BE ADVISED: This is not a certification for CPR.