Hypospadias is a common birth defect of the penis where the urethra (the tube that carries urine from the bladder to outside of the body) is not at the tip of the penis. It can be located anywhere on the undersurface of the penis to the scrotum.
A condition called chordee is often seen with hypospadias. Chordee is an abnormal downward curve of the penis. This can occur with or without a hypospadias.
Classification of hypospadias is done by the position of the urethral opening. The types of hypospadias include:
- Distal or glanular: most common form when opening is found near the head of the penis
- Midshaft: when opening is found in the middle to the lower shaft of the penis
- Penoscrotal: when opening is on the scrotum
- Perineal: when opening is behind the scrotal sac. These are the most severe forms of hypospadias.