Health Topics

Immune Thrombocytopenia Purpura (ITP)

Immune thrombocytopenia purpura or ITP is a blood disorder in which the number of platelets in the blood is often decreased to low levels.  This is dangerous because people depend on platelets to help stop bleeding. Platelets act like plugs in stopping the bleeding process. When a person has ITP, they may not have enough platelets to come together and plug up the source of bleeding.

This can cause the following symptoms:

  • Easy bruising
  • Nose bleeds
  • Bleeding from small blood vessels that cause round red / purple pinpoint spots on the skin called petechiae
  • Bleeding gums and small red / purple pinpoint spots in the mouth
  • Blood in urine and bowel movements
  • Internal bleeding (very rare)
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Incidence of ITP

Causes of ITP

Diagnosis of ITP

Treatment for ITP

Living with ITP

Call Your Child's Doctor If:


Last Updated: 12/2013