The treatment for kidney stones depends on the size, what they are made of, and if they are causing symptoms or blocking the urinary tract. Small stones will likely pass on their own without treatment, but will often require pain control and encouragement for your child to drink extra fluids to help the stone pass. Larger stones or ones that block the urine flow may require surgery or hospitalization.
See health topics on various methods of surgical management, including Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy, Ureteral Stent, Percutaneous Nephrolithotripsy and Nephrostomy Tube Procedure for Kidney Stones.
Kidney stones can cause severe pain as they travel from the kidney into the ureter, the narrow tube that drains the urine from the kidneys into the bladder. This pain, called renal colic, may cause nausea and vomiting. You can give your child Tylenol as directed for pain. Contact your doctor if your child does not get relief from the Tylenol.