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Voice is the sound produced by vibration of the vocal folds (or vocal cords) in the larynx (voice box).
A voice disorder occurs when the vocal folds do not vibrate well enough to produce a clear sound.
The most common voice disorder in children is the result of “phono trauma” such as yelling or making loud "play" sounds, throat clearing, and excessive coughing. These voice behaviors cause the vocal folds to close hard against each other, causing blister-like bruises. These bruised areas can harden into callus-like bumps called vocal nodules.
Other causes of voice disorders can include:
Some voice disorders are treated by medication or surgery. Other voice disorders can be treated with voice therapy. Voice therapy consists of learning new patterns of voice production and eliminating old ones.
Some of the therapy includes:
The purpose of voice therapy is to teach your child a new way to produce voice. For this skill to improve, the child should practice the voice exercises daily. The family members should also look at their own voice use. Changing your own voice and reinforcing positive voice behaviors will serve as a good model for your child.
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