Calcium channel blocker
A medication that lowers blood pressure.
Tiny blood vessels between arteries and veins that distribute oxygen-rich blood to the body.
Pertaining to the heart.
The stopping of heartbeat.
A diagnostic procedure in which a tiny, hollow tube (catheter) is inserted into an artery or vein in order to evaluate the heart and blood vessels.
The amount of blood that goes through the circulatory system in one minute.
A physician who specializes in the medical evaluation and treatment of heart diseases.
The clinical study and practice of treating the heart.
A disease of the heart muscle that causes it to lose its pumping strength.
Pertaining to the heart and blood vessel (circulatory) system.
The procedure of applying electrical shock to the chest to change an abnormal heartbeat into a normal one.
The major arteries in the neck that supply blood to the brain.
A small, thin tube; may refer to a tube used during a cardiac catheterization procedure to inject dye, obtain blood samples, and measure pressures inside the heart; may also refer to a small tube used to help drain the bladder during and after a surgical procedure.
A waxy substance that is produced by the human body. It is also found in animal fats, shellfish, and in dairy products (such as beef, chicken, pork, butter, milk, cheese, and eggs).
The procedure of taking moving pictures to show the passage of dye through blood vessels.
Pertaining to the heart and blood vessels, and the circulation of blood.
Closed heart surgery
An operation that repairs problems involving the blood vessels attached to the heart, and may not need the use of the heart-lung bypass machine.
Coarctation of the aorta
A congenital heart defect that results in narrowing of the aorta.
New blood vessels that are created by the body to provide extra blood flow to an area when the blood vessel(s) that are already there are too small, narrowed, or blocked.
Computerized tomography scan (Also called CT or CAT scan)
A non-invasive procedure that takes cross-sectional images of the brain or other internal organs; to detect any abnormalities that may not show up on an ordinary x-ray.
The electrical system inside the heart that stimulates the heart to beat.
Present at birth.
Congenital heart defect
A heart problem present at birth, caused by improper development of the heart during fetal development.
Congenital heart disease
See congenital heart defect.
Congestive heart failure
A condition in which the heart cannot pump out all of the blood that enters it, which leads to an accumulation of blood in the vessels leading to the heart and fluid in the body tissues. Excess blood in the pulmonary (lung) blood vessels can also occur, leading to fluid accumulation in the lungs.
Two arteries that come from the aorta to provide blood to the heart muscle.
Insufficient oxygen in the blood.
Appearing blue, due to insufficient oxygen in the blood.