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A photo of Viral Jain.

Clinical Fellow, Division of Neonatology and Pulmonary Biology


Board Certified

About Me


Viral G. Jain, MD, completed his pediatric residency at Case Western Reserve University (MetroHealth) program, and is currently pursuing his Neonatology fellowship at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center under Dr. Louis Muglia.

He has experience in both basic science as well as clinical research, and has published extensively in well-respected journals. His research focuses on identifying risk factors for urogenital developmental disorders in newborns and the role of steroid hormones in neonates. His research also focuses on understanding the inflammatory pathways involved in preterm birth, and the role of progesterone in preterm birth with the goal of developing better interventions to reduce preterm birth. He is also interested in exploring family’s contribution to young child’s learning, and is the founder of TinyVoices - a patient advocacy program through which is founded NICU Bookworms, a NICU Infant Reading program. He has also worked on developing a novel nanoparticle for treatment of retinoblastoma. Dr. Jain has strong interest in BioInformatics, and was the founding team member of a well-funded startup to connect sub-specialty services to underserved cities in India - which won numerous international awards for Healthcare Innovations.

He serves as the founder and co-editor of the AAP, Section on Neonatology Journal Club. He is an active member of the AAP-SoNPM Website Committee, American Medical Informatics Association and leads the AAP TECaN Research Section.

He is the winner of multiple national and international research awards including the prestigious David G Nathan Research Award from Society of Pediatric Research and the Marshall Klaus Research Award from the American Academy of Pediatrics.

Clinical Interests

Neonatology; bioinformatics; early literacy; evidence based medicine

Research Interests

Urogenital anomalies; endocrine disruptors; genetics of preterm birth



My Education

MBBS: Maharashtra State University of Health Sciences (MGM Medical College), Mumbai, India, 2011.

Residency: Pediatrics, Case Western Reserve University (MetroHealth) Program, Cleveland, OH, 2016.

My Publications

Assessment of adrenal function at birth using adrenal glucocorticoid precursor to product ratios to predict short-term neonatal outcomes. Karsli, T; Jain, VG; Mhanna, M; Wu, Q; Pepkowitz, SH; Chandler, DW; Shekhawat, PS. Pediatric Research. 2020; 87:767-772.

Is early caffeine therapy safe and effective for ventilated preterm infants?. Jain, VG; Saroha, V; Patel, RM; Jobe, A. Journal of Perinatology. 2019; 39:754-757.

Anogenital distance is determined during early gestation in humans. Jain, VG; Goyal, V; Chowdhary, V; Swarup, N; Singh, RJ; Singal, A; Shekhawat, P. Human Reproduction. 2018; 33:1619-1627.

Inhibition of IRAK1 Ubiquitination Determines Glucocorticoid Sensitivity for TLR9-Induced Inflammation in Macrophages. Kong, F; Liu, Z; Jain, VG; Shima, K; Suzuki, T; Muglia, LJ; Starczynowski, DT; Pasare, C; Bhattacharyya, S. Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950). 2017; 199:3654-3667.

Code Status Reconciliation to Improve Identification and Documentation of Code Status in Electronic Health Records. Jain, VG; Greco, PJ; Kaelber, DC. Applied Clinical Informatics. 2017; 8:226-234.

Maternal and infant characteristics influencing the anogenital distance and penile length in newborns. Singal, AK; Jain, VG. Andrologia. 2016; 48:708-713.

Shorter anogenital distance correlates with the severity of hypospadias in pre-pubertal boys. Singal, AK; Jain, VG; Gazali, Z; Shekhawat, P. Human Reproduction. 2016; 31:1406-1410.

Transverse preputial onlay island flap urethroplasty for single-stage correction of proximal hypospadias. Singal, AK; Dubey, M; Jain, V. World Journal of Urology. 2016; 34:1019-1024.

Mirizzi Syndrome - An Uncommon Cause of Obstructive Jaundice in a Child. Jain, VG; Gulati, R. Indian Pediatrics. 2015; 52:539-539.