A photo of Alexander Vinks.

Director, Division of Clinical Pharmacology

Scientific Director, Pharmacy Research, Research in Patient Services

Professor, UC Department of PediatricsAdjunct Professor of Pharmacology



Biography & Affiliation


I have been a researcher for more than 37 years and began working at Cincinnati Children's in 2000. My research is in pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) modeling and simulation, systems pharmacology, physiologically based pharmacokinetics (PBPK) and pharmacogenetics/genomics. I am also interested in applying population and simulation methods to inform pediatric clinical trial design and therapeutic drug management by implementing model-informed precision dosing strategies and clinical decision support tools.

I became interested in this research early in my career when I directed a therapeutic drug monitoring and clinical toxicology laboratory. I realized that every patient is different in terms of how the body metabolizes drugs and how patients very much differ in their response to medications. The ongoing paradox is that the drug development process is based on selecting a safe and effective dose for the 'average' patient. My program's goal is to promote the implementation of precision medicine and individualized precision dosing, tailoring doses to individual needs. We also work to predict how patients will respond to medications using pharmacogenetics/genomics to select the best drug and corresponding dose.

Some of our notable work includes implementing the Genetic Pharmacology Service (GPS) in 2004 and the formation of the successful startup company AssureX (now Myriad Genetics) that resulted from the GPS initiative. In recent years we have been successful in the development and implementation of electronic health records (EHR) integrated clinical decision support platforms for model-informed precision dosing. These achievements cover a variety of drugs and indications, including neonatal pain management with morphine (NeoRelief), precise hydroxyurea therapy in sickle cell anemia (HdxSim), optimizing infliximab, adalimumab and vedolizumab dosing in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (RoadMAB) and personalized reduced-intensity conditioning with melphalan in patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

For additional information, please see: Personalized Medicine through Model-informed Precision Dosing: What's Here – What's Near? and Genomics Ushers in Era of Personalized Medicine.

I am honored to have received many awards and appointments throughout my career, including:

  • The American Society for Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics (ASCPT) Mentor Award (2020)
  • The Cincinnati Children's Research Foundation Senior Mentoring Award (2017)
  • The Cincinnati Children's Research Foundation Endowed Chair (2015)
  • The International Association Therapeutic Drug Monitoring & Clinical Toxicology Charles E. Pippenger Award (2015)
  • President, International Association for Therapeutic Drug Monitoring and Clinical Toxicology (IATDMCT) (2009-2011)
  • Executive Board Member, American Board of Clinical Pharmacology, Inc. (2008-2020)
  • Fellow, American College of Clinical Pharmacology (2002-present)
  • Board certification in clinical pharmacology (2001)

I have presented my research as an invited speaker at 260 national and international conferences. I have published over 250 peer-reviewed manuscripts, 260 abstracts, 20 book chapters and invited reviews, and I am co-editor of a book on the Fundamentals of Antimicrobial Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics (over 38,000 chapter downloads). I’m on the editorial board of several journals, and I am an associate editor of Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics.

Academic Affiliation

Professor, UC Department of PediatricsAdjunct Professor of Pharmacology


Clinical Pharmacology, Reproductive Sciences, Pharmacy

Blog Posts

Personalized Medicine through Model-informed Precision Dosing

Tools for Science

Personalized Medicine through Model-informed Precision Dosing

Alexander (Sander) A. Vinks, PharmD, PhD, FCP7/1/2019

Genomics Ushers in Era of Personalized Medicine

Mind Brain Behavior

Genomics Ushers in Era of Personalized Medicine

Alexander (Sander) A. Vinks, PharmD, PhD, FCP6/30/2019


Certification: American Board of Clinical Pharmacology, 2001.

PhD: Clinical Pharmacology, Leiden University, Leiden The Netherlands, 1996.

PharmD: Hospital Pharmacy, The Hague Central Hospital Pharmacy, The Hague, The Netherlands, 1986.

MS: Pharmacology, University of Toronto, Toronto Canada, 1983.

MS: Pharmacy, Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands, 1981.


Population pharmacokinetic modelling of busulfan and the influence of body composition in paediatric Fanconi anaemia patients. van Hoogdalem, MW; Emoto, C; Fukuda, T; Mizuno, T; Mehta, PA; Vinks, AA. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology. 2020; 86:933-943.

Utilizing Pediatric Physiologically Based Pharmacokinetic Models to Examine Factors That Contribute to Methadone Pharmacokinetic Variability in Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome Patients. McPhail, BT; Emoto, C; Fukuda, T; Butler, D; Wiles, JR; Akinbi, H; Vinks, AA. Journal of Clinical Pharmacology. 2020; 60:453-465.

Improved Population Pharmacokinetic Model for Predicting Optimized Infliximab Exposure in Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Bauman, LE; Xiong, Y; Mizuno, T; Minar, P; Fukuda, T; Dong, M; Rosen, MJ; Vinks, AA. Inflammatory Bowel Diseases. 2020; 26:429-439.

Methodologic Progress Note: Opportunistic Sampling for Pharmacology Studies in Hospitalized Children. Girdwood, ST; Kaplan, J; Vinks, AA. Journal of hospital medicine (Online). 2020; 15:E1-E3.

Next Challenge From the Variance in Individual Physiologically-Based Pharmacokinetic Model-Predicted to Observed Morphine Concentration in Critically Ill Neonates. Emoto, C; Hahn, D; Euteneuer, JC; Mizuno, T; Vinks, AA; Fukuda, T. Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics. 2020; 107:319-320.

Electronic Health Record–Embedded Decision Support Platform for Morphine Precision Dosing in Neonates. Vinks, AA; Punt, NC; Menke, F; Kirkendall, E; Butler, D; Duggan, TJ; Cortezzo, DE; Kiger, S; Dietrich, T; Spencer, P; et al. Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics. 2020; 107:186-194.

Development and Implementation of Electronic Health Record–Integrated Model-Informed Clinical Decision Support Tools for the Precision Dosing of Drugs. Vinks, AA; Peck, RW; Neely, M; Mould, DR. Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics. 2020; 107:129-135.

Route of oseltamivir administration affects metabolite concentrations in critically ill children. Tang Girdwood, SC; Mizuno, T; Krallman, KA; Benken, LA; Stoneman, EM; Yunger, TM; Wong, HR; Vinks, AA; Kaplan, JM. The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. 2020; 38:1224-1227.

Busulfan Pharmacokinetics and Precision Dosing: Are Patients with Fanconi Anemia Different?. Mehta, PA; Emoto, C; Fukuda, T; Seyboth, B; Teusink-Cross, A; Davies, SM; Wilhelm, J; Fuller, K; Vinks, AA; Boulad, F. Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation. 2019; 25:2416-2421.

Evidence of a clinically significant drug-drug interaction between cannabidiol and tacrolimus. Leino, AD; Emoto, C; Fukuda, T; Privitera, M; Vinks, AA; Alloway, RR. American Journal of Transplantation. 2019; 19:2944-2948.