Treatment is focused on the different ways to help manage the pain. Patients will see a pain psychologist to help them learn how to lessen their pain response. Their doctor may also prescribe certain medications to calm the nervous system.
A pain psychologist will:
- Use biofeedback to reduce or relieve the pain response
- Teach the patient relaxation skills that will help reduce the pain
- Suggest ways the patient can continue to stay involved in school and other regular activities during the recovery period
- Help the patient and family learn to cope with the stressful effects of chronic pain
Sometimes medications are used to calm the nervous system response when typical activities, such as eating, create a sensation of pain. These medications include:
- Amitriptyline (Elavil) or nortriptyline (Pamelor) − antidepressants that help with pain
- Gabapentin (Neurontin) or Lyrica (pregabalin) − help with nerve pain
Typical pain medicines do not help with this type of pain. Strong pain medications, like narcotics, are not used because they can slow down the digestive system and cause increased pain.