All children who are physically active get bumps and bruises, which in themselves are not evidence of child abuse.
Physicians look for a plausible history to explain bruises and a pattern of bruises consistent with a child’s normal activity. Infants, because they don’t walk and are not very active, are not prone to bruising. Toddlers, however, typically have bruises on their shins and foreheads from running and falling into things − but they don’t normally have bruises in protected areas like the inside thigh. The severity and the number of bruises are other factors physicians observe.
If a child truly does bruise more easily than normal, that could be a sign of a serious problem that requires medical attention. Clotting disorders and some connective tissue diseases are among the conditions that may cause a child to bruise easily.