Dr. Mohanty obtained his PhD from All India Institute of Medical Sciences, India in the field of viral immunology. In 2004 he moved to Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center to study the pathogenesis of a neonatal disease of children called “Biliary atresia” in the laboratory of Dr. Jorge Bezerra. Later he moved to Pediatric Surgery division to continue his ongoing research. Since then he has been involved in various collaborative studies aiming to understand virus host interaction during infancy.
His research goals are to understand how a virus/viruses can induce liver fibrosis during neonatal period.