A photo of Nick Pratap.

Attending Physician; Cardiac Anesthesiologist, Cardiac Intensive Care Unit

Attending Cardiac Intensivist, Heart Institute

Assistant Professor, UC Department of Anesthesia


"I take time to get to know my patients and their families. I want to understand their individual wishes and desires for their children and themselves."

My Biography & Research


As a pediatric cardiac anesthesiologist and critical care doctor, I provide care for children with heart disease before, during and after cardiac surgery.

I take time to get to know my patients and their families. I want to understand their individual wishes and desires for their children and themselves.

I specialize in caring for children with heart disease in the operating room, the catheterization lab and the ICU (intensive care unit).

The huge improvements in survival rates during the last few decades for children with previously fatal heart conditions inspired me to become a cardiac anesthesiologist. I strive to ensure that children can enjoy a high quality of life after treatment. I am motivated to improve surgical care experiences for children and increase their ability to enjoy life.

My research focuses on supporting families as they prepare their children for surgery. My multidisciplinary team uses a variety of research and quality improvement approaches, including action psychology, applied artificial intelligence and geospatial analysis. I also study how variations in patient management affect outcomes, using a "big data" approach. I want to find ways to improve patient safety. As a principal contributor to the Society for Pediatric Anesthesia’s Emergency Checklist project, I developed a high-fidelity simulation-based curriculum for pediatric anesthesia fellows. I also led research into optimizing pre-operative fasting before surgery for children.

I’m honored to be recognized for my work in numerous ways, including receiving federal funding from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, as well as research awards from both the Society of Cardiovascular Anesthesiologists and Cincinnati Children's Research Foundation. I served as a faculty member for the Master of Science program in Perioperative Medicine at University College London, where I contributed to the Quality, Safety and Leadership module. In 2014, I was voted by the anesthesia residency program as Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Teacher of the Year.

When I’m not at work, I enjoy weightlifting, running, hiking and photography.

Clinical Interests

Congenital cardiac anesthesia; general pediatric anesthesia; pediatric liver transplant anesthesia; cardiac intensive care medicine


Research Interests

Improving outcomes after pediatric cardiac surgery; reducing surgical cancelations; improving safety in pediatric anesthesia using high-fidelity simulation training and checklists


Academic Affiliation

Assistant Professor, UC Department of Anesthesia

Clinical Divisions

Anesthesia, Cardiac Intensive Care

Research Divisions

Anesthesia, Heart

My Education

MA (Cantab): University of Cambridge, UK, 1998.

MB BChir: University of Cambridge, UK, 1998.

Pediatric Residency: Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health, London, UK, 2002.

Anesthesia Residency: Royal College of Anaesthetists, London, UK, 2006.

Pediatric Anesthesia Fellowship: Great Ormond Street Hospital, London, UK, 2008.

Congenital Cardiac Anesthesia Fellowship: Royal Brompton Hospital, London, UK, 2009.

Pediatric Intensive Care Fellowship: Birmingham Children's and Great Ormond Street Hospitals, UK, 2010.

My Publications

Mining patient-specific and contextual data with machine learning technologies to predict cancellation of children's surgery. Liu, L; Ni, Y; Zhang, N; Pratap, JN. International Journal of Medical Informatics. 2019; 129:234-241.

Surgical and anesthetic management for hepatectomy in two pediatric patients with trisomy 18, pulmonary hypertension, and hepatoblastoma. Lucas, DJ; Rubinstein, J; Gosain, A; Tiao, G; Heads, T; Pratap, JN; Williams, R; Helmig, S; Geller, J; Langham, M; et al. Pediatric Blood and Cancer. 2019; 66.

Reducing Exposure to Opioid and Benzodiazepine Medications for Pediatric Cardiac Intensive Care Patients: A Quality Improvement Project. Donnellan, A; Sawyer, J; Peach, A; Staveski, S; Nelson, DP; Pratap, JN. Pediatric Critical Care Medicine. 2019; 20:340-349.

Does intranasal dexmedetomidine provide adequate plasma concentrations for sedation in children: a pharmacokinetic study. Miller, JW; Balyan, R; Dong, M; Mahmoud, M; Lam, JE; Pratap, JN; Paquin, JR; Li, BL; Spaeth, JP; Vinks, A; et al. British Journal of Anaesthesia. 2018; 120:1056-1065.

Gastric emptying for liquids of different compositions in children. Du, T; Hill, L; Ding, L; Towbin, AJ; DeJonckheere, M; Bennett, P; Hagerman, N; Varughese, AM; Pratap, JN. British Journal of Anaesthesia. 2017; 119:948-955.

Arginine-vasopressin therapy in hypotensive neonates and infants after cardiac surgery: response is unrelated to baseline ventricular function. Iliopoulos, I; Flores, S; Pratap, JN; Cooper, DS; Cassedy, A; Nelson, DP. Cardiology in the Young. 2017; 27:1031-1040.

Putting a face and context on pediatric surgery cancelations: The development of parent personas to guide equitable surgical care. Vaughn, LM; DeJonckheere, M; Pratap, JN. Journal of Child Health Care. 2017; 21:14-24.

Exercise-Induced Systemic Venous Hypertension in the Fontan Circulation. Navaratnam, D; Fitzsimmons, S; Grocott, M; Rossiter, HB; Emmanuel, Y; Diller, G; Gordon-Walker, T; Jack, S; Sheron, N; Pappachan, J; et al. American Journal of Cardiology. 2016; 117:1667-1671.