MD: New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY, 1981.
Residency: Orthopaedic Surgery Mount Sinai Hospital, New York, NY, 1986.
Fellowship: Russ Spinal Surgery, Ottawa Civic Hospital Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, 1987; Pediatric Orthopaedic Surgery, The Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, MA, 1988.
Certification: Orthopaedic Surgery, 1990, 1999, 2010.
MBA: Kellogg School of Management, Northwestern University, 2014.