Acute peritoneal dialysis can help the kidneys function better if they are not working well after a child has had a procedure or illness. It is used only until the kidneys heal and can work well on their own.
In acute peritoneal dialysis, a soft plastic tube, called a catheter, is inserted into a small empty space in the belly. A special fluid flows through the tube and into the belly. The fluid is left in place for a period of time and then is drained. This fluid draws all the extra water and waste products normally flushed out of the body by the kidney. This process is repeated until the kidneys start working again.
There is no pain with this process, although your child may feel bloated while the special fluid is in the belly.
Acute peritoneal dialysis may correct problems including:
- Too much water in the blood
- Too many waste products in the blood
- Improper levels of salts in the blood
- Blood pressure problems
Your child may experience the following while on acute peritoneal dialysis:
- Infection in the belly where the tube was inserted
- Low blood pressure
- Fast heart beat