What Is Glucose and Why Is It Important?
The main source of energy for all cells in the body is glucose. One way the body gets glucose is from eating foods containing carbohydrates.
- The food you eat is made up of fats, proteins and carbohydrates. The food goes into your stomach and is digested.
- During digestion, the body breaks down the carbohydrates into glucose. This glucose enters the bloodstream.
- The rise in blood glucose causes the pancreas to release insulin into the bloodstream.
- Insulin and glucose travel in the bloodstream to the cells. Insulin acts as a “key” to allow glucose into the cell. Cells use glucose for energy.
Diabetes changes how the body works:
- Without insulin or enough insulin, glucose cannot move out of the blood and into the cells.
- Glucose then builds up in the blood and the body cannot use it for energy. This results in hyperglycemia.
Common Signs and Symptoms of Diabetes
- Increased thirst
- Increased urination
- Unexpected bedwetting
- Increased hunger
- Weight loss
- Feeling tired
- Blurred vision
Main Types of Diabetes
There are two main types of diabetes. Children and teens can develop either type 1 or type 2 diabetes.
Diabetes can be controlled. With proper management, your child can lead a healthy and active life.
- Diabetes is not caused by eating too much sugar.
- There is nothing you can do to prevent type 1 diabetes.
- Weight loss, exercise and healthy eating may prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes.
- With proper care, someone with diabetes can be as healthy as someone without diabetes.