The nutritional needs of a child with diabetes are no different than a child without diabetes. All children need a diet that includes a variety of foods from each food group to stay healthy. A healthy diet should include a mix of carbohydrates, fats and proteins.  Carbohydrates break down into glucose, which is the body’s main source of energy. 

Insulin is needed for the body to use the glucose for energy. In type 1 diabetes, the body is no longer able to make insulin, therefore insulin must be given. The amount of insulin must be matched with the amount of carbohydrate eaten.