Receptive Language Disorder
A child may have difficulty understanding the words or sentences used by others. The child may seem to show poor attention to speech. This may cause difficulty following directions and learning.
Expressive Language Disorder
A child may have difficulty coming up with the right words when talking. The child may be unable to join words correctly into sentences. The child may have a small vocabulary or use words incorrectly. He may speak using short phrases and leave out small words, such as “the” or “is.” The child may say sentences, but put them together incorrectly.
For both types of language disorders, the main problem may be with: content (words and their meanings), form (grammar or word order), or use (the ability to understand and use language appropriately).
Causes of language disorders may include hearing loss, cognitive disability, emotional disturbance, a lack of exposure to language in the environment, or brain injury. Often, the cause of the language problem is unknown.